试题下载

同步教学

备课中心

高考备考

语法词汇
湖南省汨罗市2021届高三开学考试英语试卷

【下载须知】

1. 本站提供的资料仅可用于学校课堂教学;
2. 本站提供的资料可能存在错误,请知晓;
3. 如侵权请联系站长:jxenglish2006#163.com

If download failed, please click here to refresh and try again
湖南省汨罗市2021届高三开学考试英语试卷
资料类型:    资料大小:57KB    资料来源:网络整理    上传时间:2020-08-10
资料预览

汨罗市2021届高三入学降温考试试卷

英  语 


第一部分  听力 (共30分)

第一节

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What will the man probably do?

A. Attend a meeting.

B. Give Craig a call.

C. Wait in the office.

2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Strangers.

B. Co-workers.

C. Schoolmates.

3. What is David doing this year?

A. Traveling around the world.

B. Teaching Chinese at school.

C. Learning a foreign language.

4. How does the man want to travel? 

A. By car.

B. By train.

C. By plane.

5. What is the woman going to do tomorrow evening? 

A. Visit Bob at his home.

B. Go shopping with Bob.

C. Expect a call from Bob.

第二节

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有2至4个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读各个小题;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7题。

6. Where does the conversation take place?

A. On the train.

B. At the ticket office.

C. At the information desk.

7. What time is the train going to arrive in Sydney?

A. At 2:00.

B. At 9:28.

C. At 11:34.

听下面一段对话,回答第8至第10题。

8. Where are the speakers?

A. In Manchester.

B. In Milan.

C. In Florence.

9. What is Martha doing? 

A. Having a holiday.

B. Entertaining a friend.

C. Traveling on business.

10. What does Roger do?

A. He’s a train driver.

B. He’s a shop manager.

C. He’s a hotel receptionist.

听下面一段对话,回答第11至第13题。

11. Who are the speakers?

A. A doctor and a patient.

B. A teacher and a student.

C. A salesman and a customer.

12. What is probably the cause of the man’s problems?

A. He often overeats.

B. He works too hard.

C. He smokes heavily.

13. What does the woman ask the man to do?

A. Stop working and go on a vacation.

B. Give up smoking as soon as possible.

C. Change his diet and get some exercise.

听下面一段对话,回答第14至第16题。

14. Why does Kevin say life on Frenchboro is different? 

A. It’s very simple.

B. It’s quite exciting.

C. It’s rather hopeless.

15. What is the school on Frenchboro like? 

A. It has no teachers.

B. It has small classes.

C. It has fifty students.

16. What will the people on Frenchboro do when they need medical care? 

A. They go to the mainland.

B. They visit the local hospital.

C. They ask the visitors for help.

听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20题。

17. To whom is the speaker talking? 

A. New employees.

B. Foreign tourists.

C. International students.

18. What are girls advised to do in a café? 

A. Take care of their bags.

B. Don’t talk to strangers.

C. Leave the place quickly.

19. What is the best place to park a car? 

A. Beside a house.

B. On a quiet road.

C. In a public car park.

20. What should one do when walking home alone at night? 

A. Stop a police car for help.

B. Walk in well-lighted areas.

C. Take a knife for self-defense.

第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分40分)

(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Upcoming Events of New York

Chinese Cultural Center

Ancient Chinese Arts Today: Fan Dance

Sunday, October 17, 2:00 pm—3:00 pm, $15 per child

New-York Historical Society Museum & Library

Learn Chinese fan dancing with an instructor from NYCCC! This program is a part of Chinese American: Exclusion/Inclusion, an exhibition which examines the history of trade and immigration between China and the United States.

Dragon Boat Festival

Monday, October 18, 2:00 pm —2:30 pm

Fresh Meadows Park

Come and celebrate with us in the thousand- year-old tradition of Dragon Boat racing! Be part of the audience and the excitement of this celebration. FREE ADMISSION! Click here for more information. Dragon Boat Festival will be held in Fresh Meadows Park.

Dance to China

Sunday, October 24, 2 pm

Spruce Street School Auditorium, 12 Spruce St, New York, NY 10038

Join us in celebrating 43 years of preserving and continuing Chinese traditional dance. Students from NYCCC School of the Arts will be performing Chinese traditional dance, martial arts, Beijing opera and acrobatics.The cost is $15 for adults, $12 for teenagers and senior citizens, $10 for children under 12.

NYCCC School of the Arts Open House

Saturday, October 30, from 1:00 pm —3:00 pm, $12 per child

PS 124, Yung Wing School, 40 Division Street, New York, NY 10002

Join us and see Chinese dance, Kung Fu, and acrobatic performances performed by our current students. Come and see our students' beautiful artwork on display and make some artwork yourselves during our hour of arts and crafts and face painting from 1 pm to 2 pm. The show will be from 2 pm to 3 pm.

21.Where can you learn about China-US trade and immigration history?

A.In Fresh Meadows Park.        

B.In PS 124, Yung Wing School.

C.In Spruce Street School Auditorium.  

D.In New-York Historical Society Museum & Library.

22.How much should a family of 4 (aged 75, 38, 36, 5) pay to participate in Dance to China?

A.$48.            B.$ 57.             C.$55.       D.$ 52.

23.What does NYCCC aim at?

A.Promoting Chinese folk arts.      B.Producing beautiful artwork.

C.Training dancing instructors.      D.Examining trade and immigration.

B

“Beauty isn't about having a pretty face,” begins a motivational quote. “It's about having a pretty mind, a pretty heart, and a pretty soul. Oh, and pretty nails!”

That may be Angela Peters' motto. Last July, Peters, rolled her wheelchair into a nail salon (沙龙) at the Walmart shopping center in Burton to have her nails done. But Peters, who has cerebral palsy (脑瘫), was turned away. The salon told her that they were afraid it would be too difficult to properly paint her nails given that her hands kept shaking. What was meant to be a day of beauty for Peters was now a disappointment. 

A Walmart cashier about to go on her break happened to see this. Ebony Harris recognized Peters as a Walmart regular. “She's just like everyone else. She wants to look pretty. So why can't she?” Harris said.

Harris approached Peters. “Do you want me to do your nails?” she asked.

A smile spread across Peters' face. “Yeah!” Harris led Peters into the supermarket, where they shopped for nail polish. They settled on a color that would catch every eye. They then made their way into a neighboring Subway, found a table for two, and started. Harris gently took Peters' hand into hers and carefully began painting her nails. “She moved her hands a little bit, and she kept saying she was sorry,” Harris said. “I told her, ‘Don't say that. You're fine.’ She makes me look at life and appreciate it much more than I have.”

Watching it all with surprise and admiration was Subway employee Tasia Smith. Smith was so taken by the scene that she wrote about it on Facebook. “She was so patient with her,” she wrote. “Thanks to the Walmart worker for making this beautiful girl's day!”

24. Why does the author mention the quote in the first paragraph?

A.To compare different views.         B.To introduce the topic of the passage.

C.To show the importance of beauty.    D.To share his opinion about beauty.

25.The nail salon refused Peters' request because     . 

A.she had to use a wheelchair          B.they were too busy to serve her

C.she couldn't keep her hands still       D.they hadn't the color she wanted 

26.Which of the following words can best describe Harris?

A.Brave and generous.                B.Careful and fair-minded.

C.Honest and considerate.             D.Patient and warm-hearted.

27.What can be inferred about Tasia Smith from the last paragraph?

A.She thought highly of Harris' behavior.

B.She wrote a thank-you letter to Walmart.

C.She regretted not lending Peters a helping hand.

D.She misunderstood Harris' relationship with Peters. 

C

Most of the new diseases we humans have faced in the past several decades have come from animals. The more we come into contact with wild animals, the more we risk a so-called disease “spillover” from animals to humans.

“As people move and wildlife move in response to a changing environment, humans and wildlife and animals will come in contact more regularly,” said Jeanne Fair from the Los Alamos National Laboratory

in New Mexico. Fair argues that by shifting(转移)animal habitats, climate change will also make the

opportunities for disease spillover more frequent. “Everything is sort of shifting and will shift into the future as the environment changes through climate change,” Fair said.

Scientists, including climatologists and epidemiologists on Fair’s team at Los Alamos, are beginning to model how changes to the climate will impact the spread of infectious diseases. It’s early days for this kind of research, but previous studies suggest that extreme weather has already played a role in at least one outbreak. Scientists say drought and deforestation have combined to force bats out of rainforests and into

orchards(果园)in Malaysia to find food. Those bats, a common disease reservoir, then passed the Nipah

virus through pigs to humans for the first time in the late 1990s.

“We’re going by the past data to really predict what’s going to happen in the future,” Fair said, “And so, anytime you increase that wildlife-human interface(界面), that’s sort of an emerging disease hot spot. And so, that’s just increasing as we go forward.”

Jeffrey Shaman, head of the climate and health program at Columbia University’s public health school, argues we don’t yet know whether climate change will cause a net increase in infectious disease rates globally. For example, mosquitoes carry disease that affects millions of people across the world every year. As their habitats expand in some parts of the world, they might contract diseases elsewhere. Shaman says what we know for certain about climate change is that it will make it harder to predict where disease outbreaks will pop up.

28. How does climate change affect the spread of disease according to Fair?

A. By breaking animals’ habits.

B. By increasing animals’ varieties.

C. By promoting animals’ breeding.

D. By changing animals’ living environment.

29. What is the example of bats for in paragraph 3?

A. Explaining the influence of Nipah virus.

B. Proving the harm of bats to human beings.

C. Showing the effects of climate change on disease.

D. Presenting scientists’ early study about the cause of disease.

30. What can we infer from Fair’s words in paragraph 4?

A. Humans should give up studying animals.

B. Past data can solve the problems in the future.

C. Disease hot spots will disappear if animals die out.

D. Frequent contact with animals can cause disease outbreaks.

31. What could be the best title for the text?

A. Climate Change and Disease Spillover

B. Animals’ Interaction with Humans

C. Early Studies about Extreme Weather

D. Scientists’ Prediction for Disease Outbreaks

D

The royal family is filled with rules, and one in particular might explain why Princess Charlotte is a princess, but her kids likely won't be.

When it comes to the British royal family, one thing is almost always true: they have a pretty confusing set of official rules and protocols. For instance, the royal family doesn't have a last name. And don't forget the fact that Queen Elizabeth celebrates two birthdays every year.

If your head isn't swimming yet, consider the tradition of royal titles. As a British custom, only the daughter of a prince or a prince's wife may be considered a formal "princess". The latter applies to Kate, who is both a princess and the Duchess of Cambridge thanks to her marriage to Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge. And their children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte, also bear official royal titles because their father is Prince William.

However, while Prince George's future children will also carry their father's royal status, any children that Princess Charlotte has will not automatically be considered princes or princesses. Why? Royal custom dictates that royal titles are passed down via sons, but not daughters.

However, while Prince George's future children will also carry their father's royal status, any children that Princess Charlotte has will not automatically be considered princes or princesses. Why? Royal custom dictates that royal titles are passed down via sons, but not daughters.

"Royal titles are inherited through sons, so if Princess Charlotte has children they would not automatically inherit the titles (his or her royal highness) HRH, Prince, or Princess,"

Lucy Hume, associate director of etiquette experts Debrett's, told Town& Country.

Of course, exceptions can (and will!) be made. (Learn about every time the British royal family broke their own protocol.) The Queen has offered HRH status to other royal offspring in the past, including the children of Queen Elizabeth's daughter, Anne. Although Princess Anne and her husband, Captain Phillips, declined, perhaps Princess Charlotte will be extended the same offer when her own children are born.

32. What's the meaning of the underlined word "protocol" in the first paragraph?

A. Promise.B. Behavior.C. Manners.D. Connection.

33. What kind of child is regarded as "princess"?

A. The son of a princess.B. The daughter of a prince.

C. The daughter of a princess.D. The wife of a king.

34. Who is Charlotte's father?

A. Prince George.B. Elizabeth.

C. Prince William.D. Captain Philips.

35. What does the last paragraph mainly tell us?

A. Any person can break traditional rules.

B. Not every person must obey traditional rules.

C. Any British royal family member has their own title.

D. Maybe the British royal family will break their own rules.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

Chocolate is popular with people around the world. Hot chocolate has been used for many years to treat diseases and fight bad moods. It's known as a special healthy drink from the 16th to 19th centuries, and sometimes was taken as a medicine.  1 . Let's enjoy the following health benefits of drinking hot chocolate. 

● 2 . Drinking hot chocolate can help improve your brain power and improve your overall brain health. The flavonoids (类黄酮) increase the blood flow and oxygen to your brain, helping you think better. If you want to improve your memory, try drinking two cups of hot chocolate a day. 

●It contains more antioxidants (抗氧化物).  3 . So drinking hot chocolate is a better way to get chocolate's powerful antioxidants than drinking green tea and wine. Hot chocolate contains a little bit more antioxidants than a bar of chocolate, which are released when the drink is heated up. 

●It improves your mood. Chocolate, including hot chocolate, is a well-known mood adjuster.  4  . Hot chocolate contributes to the release of a beneficial chemical, which helps to improve your mood and make you feel happier. 

●It's good for your heart health. The flavonoids found in hot chocolate are good for your heart health.  5 . Choose healthy hot chocolate and be sure to drink it in moderation. Remember, chocolate itself contains sugar and fat, so you can't allow yourself to drink more than two cups a day. 

A.It can help you lose weight.

B.It improves your brain health.

C.This tasty drink helps fight stress, anxiety and depression. 

D.Hot chocolate contains more antioxidants than green tea and wine.

E.Flavonoids reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering blood pressure.

F.Drinking hot chocolate helps prevent the absorption of nutrition from other foods.

G.Now, people don't consider hot chocolate as a medicine but drink it even more than ever.


第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

It'd  1  been climbed by local and foreign men, and local women, but a Western female, who'd  2  unaccompanied and wanted to climb the mountain, was quite  3 . 

I explained that I'd been  4  for some time—in research and in physical strength—and showed them the  5  I had from their government authorizing my climb. I stressed that I'd be very  6  to keep their local traditions and hire one of their villagers as a guide, but it seemed to do little to reduce their  7 . 

The male villagers told me that the “quick mud” I'd meet would swallow me. While they couldn't remember anyone this bad actually  8 , they seemed convinced it was a real  9 . The village women, however, smiled at me, indicating their  10  for my climb. 

The men  11  relaying stories of unpredictable danger. However, I was  12  because my aunt's words kept  13  in my ears—the greatest risk is not taking a risk, and we should always  14  our dreams. 

Eventually, the men agreed to an  15  that seemed to put them at ease with my climb. Besides the local guide I'd hire, they also  16  me to hire three guards with guns, for protection.  

As I started walking down the dirt path toward the mountain, I was  17  not only by my new mountain support team, but also by every village woman. They danced in circles around us as if in  18  of a victory. 

I knew I wasn't the first Western female to make the climb. But with the women villagers  19  me, I felt a strong sense of  20 . And I suspected they felt the same. 

A.formallyB.surelyC.especiallyD.fortunately 

A.achievedB.wanderedC.exploredD.arrived 

A.rareB.typicalC.disgustingD.ridiculous 

A.consultingB.attemptingC.preparingD.operating

A.rewardB.invitationC.commandD.permit 

A.generousB.pleasedC.curiousD.satisfied

A.concernsB.thrillsC.surprisesD.problems

A.led toB.appealed toC.happened toD.belonged to 

A.bargainB.dilemma C.challengeD.possibility

A.fancyB.support     C.praiseD.admiration 

A.finishedB.enjoyed     C.continuedD.suggested 

A.determinedB.annoyed     C.delightedD.embarrassed 

A.alarmingB.ringingC.breakingD.exploding

A.observeB.rememberC.chooseD.follow 

A.arrangementB.outcomeC.exchangeD.explanation 

A.warnedB.allowedC.wishedD.reminded 

A.joinedB.expectedC.comfortedD.appreciated 

A.defenseB.searchC.possession D.celebration 

A.helpingB.teachingC.accompanyingD.protecting 

A.reliefB.accomplishmentC.justiceD.responsibility 

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

      We are deeply saddened by the passing of Dr. Li Wenliang.

      Dr. Li Wenliang, one of the eight “whistleblowers” who tried _____1_____ (warn) fellow medics of _____2_____ novel coronavirus when it first emerged in Wuhan, died early on Friday. Wuhan Central Hospital _____3_____ (confirm) in a statement released on _____4_____ (it) official Weibo account. “Our hospital’s ophthalmologist Li Wenliang was _____5_____ (unfortunate) infected with coronavirus during his work in the fight _____6_____ the coronavirus epidemic,” the statement read, _____7_____ (add) “He died at 2:58 a.m. on February 7 after attempts to resuscitate were unsuccessful.” 

      “After emergency treatment, Li Wenliang passed away,” the Central Hospital of Wuhan announced on Weibo, China’s version of Twitter. “We deeply regret and mourn Li’s _____8_____ (die).”

      Dr. Li is a hero, _____9_____ will live in our hearts forever. May God bless all the courageous doctors and _____10_____ (nurse) fighting on the front line.


第三部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

High school is considered the most important stage. As senior three student, it will not be long before I graduated. Now I have many things to share in my fellows. First of all, I'd like to express my thank to those who lent me a hand when I was disappointing. It was their kindness which helped me regain my self-confidence when I lost my heart. Besides, I anxious want to clear up some misunderstanding with my friends in order to keep our friendships forever. With the National College Entrance Examination approached, I strongly recommend that we could value time and redouble efforts to study so that we can get into a key university. 


第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

    某英文杂志正在以“Fancy yourself as an interviewer”为主题的征文活动,请你以“A Famous Chinese I Would Like to Interview”为题,写一篇英语短文。   

内容包括: 

1.采访的对象;

2.采访的原因;

3.想提的问题。   

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.短文中不能出现与本人相关的信息; 

4.短文的标题已给出,不计人总词数。 

A Famous Chinese I Would Like to Interview


点击进入下载页面
(嘉兴)高中英语教学网 | www.jxenglish.com
站长:随心飞扬 | Email:jxenglish2006#163.com
本站为个人网站,所提供的英语教学资料仅供学校课堂教学及学习用
浙ICP备05071603号 | 浙公网安备 33049802000029号