Want to improve your life? Then do something awesome(使人赞叹的).
According to a recent article in The Wall Street Journal, researchers have found that awe-inspiring experiences improve our prosocial(亲社会的) behaviors, making us more generous and more humble(谦逊的). Awe-inspiring experiences make us more empathetic, allowing us to recognize another person’s emotional expressions better and respond with concern. And they make us more willing to engage with trust and connect with others.
What kind of experiences can be called “awe-inspiring”? The examples mentioned by the journal include scuba diving(潜水), witnessing the birth of a child, watching a meteor(流星)shower, and visiting a forest. A man said he found it awe-inspiring to work with homeless people and witness their courage and kindness. “Awe is an emotional response to something very large,” says the article, “and it challenges and expands our way of seeing the world. ”
But the feeling of awe is felt differently by different individuals, and for different reasons. The deep blue ocean might inspire different feelings in a poet than in a fisherman, for example. According to an article in The Atlantic, a 2012 study from Stanford University investigated several aspects of awe and came to an interesting conclusion: the feeling of awe changes the way you think about time. The study says an awe-inspiring experience is a moment so overwhelming(无法抗拒的) that time seems to stand still.
When you look at or experience something awesome, like looking at a waterfall or a sky filled with stars, your mind is fixed on the present moment. Time seems to slow down, the Stanford researchers concluded, making you feel like you have more of it to spare. This makes you feel more patient, less materialistic, and more willing to help others.
Other researchers believe awe is powerful because it takes us out of our own heads. “Awe makes our individual identity less important and gets us to think about things bigger than ourselves,” Paul Piff, assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, told The Wall Street Journal. Piff has found that many simple things in life inspire awe—listening to a piece of music you haven’t heard before, going on a nature hike, or going to a pop concert. All you need to do is start noticing and marveling(对……惊叹)at the world around you.
21. The underlined word “empathetic” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_______.
A. tolerant B. enthusiastic
C. independentD. understanding
22. The following things are mentioned as awe-inspiring experiences EXCEPT _______.
A. scuba diving or witnessing the birth of a child
B. watching a meteor shower or visiting a forest
C. listening to your favorite music or going to a pop concert
D. looking at a waterfall or going on a nature hike
23. How do awe-inspiring experiences change the way people think about time and make them more prosocial, according to the research?
A. By changing their emotional response to something large.
B. By making them more focused on the present moment.
C. By making them realize that life is too short to waste.
D. By inspiring them to face the challenges ahead of them.
Its most keen advocates say that global warming is gradually ruining our parts of our planet. But the effects of the phenomenon might be felt more positively a little closer to home, after scientists claimed that it will make flowers smell sweeter.
Some flowers could give out a smell that is nine times more fragrant than they currently produce, according to a report. It says that a temperature increase of between 1℃-5℃ will vastly increase the ability of flowers to produce their sweet smells.
The study suggests that plants are able to produce more terpenes(萜烯)—the chemicals that give them their smell—in hotter conditions. Despite the environmental risk linked to climate change, the effect on flowers could also help bee populations as the stronger smells make flowers easier to find and pollinate. It also found that the effect could be more significant in cooler countries such as the UK and would have a strong impact on fruit trees.
The finding comes as the unseasonably warm autumn weather this year has led to reports that plants are being ‘tricked’ into blooming early.
Guy Barter described the findings as interesting and said it could have a significant effect on lightly scented flowers. “We think about climate change in terms of rising temperatures and sea levels but there are more delicate potential effects which we have not thought about.”
Last year, experts warned the average global temperature had risen by 0. 5℃ in 50 years. They predicted temperatures will increase by 3℃ over the next century, causing a rise in sea levels, flooding, disease outbreaks and mass migration of refugees(难民).
The researchers looked at a variety of plants. In the paper the researchers said: “The species with the highest increases in emissions were those with the lowest fragrance rates. The increases calculated for floral terpene emissions show that very significant increases in the amount of floral scents will likely occur in a warmer world. The rates of floral terpene emission by the end of the century could increase 0.34-9.1 times because of a 5℃ increase in the average maximum temperature during the flowering peak of the season.”
24. We can infer from the text that in England_______.
A. plants bore more fruits in the autumn of this year
B. the seasons weren’t in order this whole year
C. the autumn of this year was a little cooler
D. plants began to produce flower early in autumn this year
25. The last paragraph implies that in hotter conditions_______.
A. plants will have the lowest fragrance rates
B. plants will send more smell chemicals
C. plants will suffer the rising temperature
D. plants will finish their flowering peak soon
26. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Plants will produce more chemicals in the future.
B. It is easier to find sweeter flowers everywhere.
C. Global warming could make flowers smell sweeter.
D. Flowers smell stronger in cold temperature.
In many places around the world, modern windmills harness the power of the wind for energy. These wind turbines can be found even offshore, along the coasts of Europe and Asia. Mussels, crabs and other aquatic life treat the underwater parts of those turbines as artificial reefs. And they, in turn, are drawing in something even bigger. A handful of harbor seals have been spotted hunting at wind farms in European waters.
Deborah Russell and her colleagues captured and temporarily tagged dozens of grey seals off of the coast of the North Sea. They fitted each seal with a global positioning system(GPS) tracker and then released the animal. The researchers could track when the seals left land. Each animal then spent from several days to a whole month at sea.
Eleven harbor seals visited two offshore wind farms. Wind turbines are set up in a grid pattern. Each is placed at regular distances from the others. When three of the11seals visited the farms, they followed this grid, moving from one turbine to the next. And they concentrated their time at each turbine, not in the spaces between them.
The movements of the three seals slowed at the bases of the turbines. That indicates they were looking for food. “It is likely that these structures represent profitable looking opportunities for those individuals,” Russell says. Those three seals kept coming back to the wind farms. That suggests their hunts had been successful.
The researchers think the 11 seals might be pioneers. The wind farms were relatively new in the area. These seals might have been the ones that were more likely to try out new things. And a few seemed to realize they had hit the jackpot.
Whether artificial reefs are, overall, good for seals and other sea creatures remains an open question, however. The animals are probably disturbed during the wind farm’s construction. There could be negative consequences from noise pollution or interaction with boats carrying crews to service the turbines, Russell says.
And putting all that fish food in one place, while good for a seal, could be bad for the fish, she says. “This makes them vulnerable to be hovered up by marine predators.”
27. The first paragraph implies that sea creatures_______.
A. find it easy to hunt for food near turbines
B. hide in turbines from their enemy of seals
C. rely on the turbines to attract their food
D. treat the turbines as their habitats
28. Scientists fixed GPS on some seals to_______.
A. know the routes of their swimming every day
B. find out their time of leaving land
C. record their speed of swimming at sea
D. collect the information on their eating habits
29. What might the underlined phrase “hit the jackpot” mean?
A. Become adventurous.
B. Become successful.
C. Become foolish.
D. Become dangerous.
30. What is the most suitable title for the passage?
A. Will seals be good at looking for food?
B. Do turbines cause more problems to fish?
C. Can windmills provide enough energy?
D. Are wind farms restaurants for seals?
31 You can find it on buildings, sidewalks, street signs and trash cans from Tokyo to Paris, from Moscow to Cape Town. Street art has become a global culture and even art museums and galleries are collecting the works of street artist.
Street art started out very secretly because it was illegal to paint on public and private property without permission. 32 Some think it is a crime and others think it is a very beautiful new form of culture.
Art experts claim that the street art movement began in New York in the1960s. Young adults painted words and other images on the walls and trains. This colorful style of writing became known as graffiti, whose art showed that young people wanted to rebel against society.
Street artists do their work for different reasons. 33 They choose street art because it is closer to the people. Some artists try to express their political opinions in their works. Others like to do things that are forbidden and hope they won’t be caught. Advertising companies also use street art in their ads because it gives people the impressions of youth and energy.
34 Artists can show their pictures to an audience all over the world. Many city residents, however, say that seeing a picture on the Internet is never as good as seeing it alive.
35 There, it will continue to change and grow.
A. Street art is a very popular form of art that is spreading quickly all over the world.
B. Today, the Internet has a big influence on street art.
C. With the development of science and technology, different art styles come into the Internet.
D. The street art movement lives with the energy and life of a big city.
E. People often have different opinions about street art.
F. Street art used to be illegal, but now has become popular.
G. Some of them do not like artists who make so much money in galleries and museums.
We were experiencing one of the worst winters in years. It was very cold and the 36 was deep, and Mary, my neighbor, 37 that all was not well with our new neighbor—Sabina. So we put on our winter coats and snow boots and 38 our way to visit the family in the dark.
Mary was right. Sabina was 39 in bed and her two pre-school children were sitting around 40 . The dishes and laundry hadn’t been 41 for many weeks. We didn’t know if the children had been fed. We had no idea how to 42 her husband but we knew she was in a serious depression(忧郁症). We fed the children, washed the dishes and did the 43 . Hours later, as we walked home, we 44 that she needed professional help so we made some 45 . The next day, a social 46 came to help her.
Sabina told me later that week that she would be going to a hospital for 47 . We told her we would look after the children while she was 48 .
Mary and I each brought back a child to our own houses. The children 49 quickly in the stable and happy homes. Soon after that, their 50 father came to visit us. He told us he would be 51 the children to another country of their grandparents and that his 52 would also move there when she recovered.
Mary and I were both happy to be 53 when Sabina and the children needed help. I am positive that it was something in our heart that 54 us to see her that evening. So when God impresses you to help someone in need-just do it. Perhaps he has put you in a 55 or workplace for “such a time as this”.
36. A. fog B. water C. snow D. well
37. A. confirmedB. decidedC. wonderedD. suspected
38. A. led B. madeC. droveD. took
39. A. sickB. asleepC. painfulD. breathless
40. A. freelyB. helplesslyC. peacefullyD. angrily
41. A. brought upB. looked afterC. washed awayD. checked up
42. A. surpriseB. sendC. reachD. ask
43. A. dinnerB. houseworkC. laundryD. favor
44. A. foundB. doubtedC. hopedD. agreed
45. A. callsB. decisionsC. preparationsD. changes
46. A. doctorB. editor C. lawyerD. worker
47. A. medicineB. treatmentsC. operationsD. examinations
48. A. recovering B. dyingC. curingD. relaxing
49. A. escapedB. learnedC. grewD. adapted
50. A. hopefulB. crazyC. gratefulD. satisfied
51. A. payingB. leavingC. flyingD. giving
52. A. neighborB. childrenC. parentsD. wife
53. A. availableB. attractiveC. friendlyD. consistent
54. A. showedB. directedC. selectedD. needed
55. A. neighborhoodB. situationC. chanceD. night
Have you heard of a student awarded master’s degree? Of course. But the following student is quite different. Because she is 56. _______blind and deaf. She is a combination of disabilities that is one of the most severe known to mankind. Mrs Michelle Smith 57. _______(enjoy)a special success when she was awarded a master’s degree at Teachers’ College, New York, in the spring of 2005.
She did it with a lot of help from a lot of friends and 58. _______(volunteer). Michelle, who received her degree in education of blind and visually impaired(受损的) learners, 59. _______(believe)to be the first to gain a graduate degree from a top, famous university. She is an instructor at the Helen Keller National Centre in Sands Point, New York, 60. _______she teaches Braille, vocabulary, sign language and other communication skills to those who are deaf-blind like her. For five years, she 61. _______(drive)to and from New York City for her classes by Mrs Linda Stillman, who also served 62. _______her interpreter. During classes, Mrs Stillman would sit next to Michelle and hold her hand, using the manual alphabet (also known as fingerspelling) 63. _______(communicate). Michelle also participated fully in class, going on all field trips and 64. _______(ask)questions in class. Outside class, many of her friends and helpers helped her read textbooks and write research papers.
According to one professor at Teachers’ College, Michelle was not only a fine student but also 65. _______inspiration to us all.
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阅读下面短文, 根据所给情节进行续写, 使之构成一个完整的故事。
For a while, my neighborhood was taken over by an army of joggers(慢跑者). They were there all the time: early morning, noon, and evening. There were little old ladies in gray sweats, young couples in Adidas shoes, middle-aged men with red faces. “Come on!” My friend Alex encouraged me to join him as he jogged by my house every evening. “You’ll feel great.”
Well, I had nothing against feeling great and if Alex could jog every day, anyone could. So I took up jogging seriously and gave it a good two months of my life, and not a day more. Based on my experience, jogging is the most overvalued form of exercise around, and judging from the number of the people who left our neighborhood jogging army. I’m not alone in my opinion.
First of all, jogging is very hard on the body. Your legs and feet have a real pounding(重击) running down a road for two or three miles. I developed foot, leg, and back problems. Then I read about a nationally famous jogger who died of a heart attack while jogging, and I had something else to worry about. Jogging doesn’t kill hundreds of people, but if you have any physical weaknesses, jogging will surely bring them out, as they did with me.
Secondly, I got no enjoyment out of jogging. Putting one foot in front of the other for forty-five minutes isn’t my idea of fun. Jogging is also a lonely pastime. Some joggers say, “I love being out there with just my thoughts.” Well, my thoughts began to bore me, and most of them were on how much my legs hurt.
3. 续写部分分为两段, 每段开头语已为你写好;
4. 续写完成后, 请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
How could I enjoy something that brought me pain?
I don’t jog any more, and I don’t think I ever will...