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2020年浙江省新高三英语预热训练卷05

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2020年浙江省新高三英语预热训练卷05
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2020年浙江新高三英语预热训练卷05

英  语

(考试时间:90分钟  试卷满分:120分)


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节(共10个小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

A

I wasn’t surprised when I read that actress Helen Hunt recently stated that she would never allow her young daughter to become a child star. Ms Hunt is the daughter of a Hollywood technical director, and grew up in Hollywood. Now in her late40s, she started acting and modeling when she was eight and has probably seen a lot over those years in show business. 

She has had a successful career. She earned four Golden Globes and four Emmys. She also attained the top honor of her profession when she won the Best Actress Academy Award for her role in the 1992 movie, As Good As It Gets. Given those accolades, Ms Hunt is successful. There is no doubt that her early experiences as a child star prepared her for what has been an outstanding adult career. Given those achievements, why would this star declare she’ll never allow her daughter, now at the age of six, to follow in her footsteps?

Everyone familiar with the entertainment scene is aware of the reasons for her attitude. Recent tabloid(小报)news headlines featuring the troubles of former child stars, among them Lindsay Lohan, Britney Spears and the late Gary Coleman, may answer the question. Although Ms Hunt managed to become a successful grown-up star, she apparently believes she’s an exception. 

What Ms Hunt may be suggesting is that many very young stars go through unnatural childhoods on movies and TV sets. While they’re earning big incomes, they’re so pampered(纵容)by directors and praised by fans; they may get false impressions that their lives will always be that way. Then, within a few years, when faced with reality, they’re hurt and confused. After all the overwhelming affection, they find they can’t deal with the problems. That’s often when drugs and alcohol take over their lives. 

Helen Hunt has some other reasons why she doesn’t want her daughter to be in the entertainment business. Many child stars can never make a successful transition to meaningful adulthood. However, as with many Hollywood movies, I believe there are both good and bad scenes about how it can be played out in real life. 

21. According to the passage, Ms Hunt_______. 

A. is the daughter of a famous actor

B. has been acting for about 30 years

C. started singing when she was eight

D. started acting and modeling as a little girl

22. The underlined word “accolades” in Paragraph 2 probably means “______”. 

A. difficultiesB. awardsC. salariesD. opinions

23. From the passage we can conclude that_______. 

A. child stars are more likely to succeed in the future

B. there is no way to save the entertainment business

C. the author has a different opinion about child stars

D. meaningful adulthood only belongs to those who aren’t child stars

B

Today, there’s hardly an aspect of our life that isn’t being upended by the tons of information available on the hundreds of millions of sites crowding the Internet, not to mention its ability to keep us in constant touch with each other via electronic mail. “If the automobile and aerospace technology had exploded at the same pace as computer and information technology,” says Microsoft, “a new car would cost about $2 and go 600 miles on a small quantity of gas. And you could buy a Boeing 747 for the cost of a pizza.”

Probably the biggest payoff, however, is the billions of dollars the Internet is saving companies in producing goods and serving for the needs of their customers. Nothing like it has been seen since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, when power-driven machines began producing more in a day than men could turn out in nearly a year. “We view the growth of the Internet and e-commerce as a global trend,” says Merrill Lynch, “along the lines of printing press, the telephone, the computer, and electricity.”

You would be hard pressed to name something that isn’t available on the Internet. Consider: books, health care, movie tickets, construction materials, baby clothes, stocks, cattle feed, music, electronics, antiques, tools, real estate, toys, autographs of famous people, wine and airline tickets.  And even after you’ve moved on to your final resting place, there’s no reason those you love can’t keep in touch. A company called FinalThoughts. com offers a place for you to store “afterlife e-mails” you can send to Heaven with the help of a “guardian angel”. 

Kids today are so computer literate that it in fact ensures the United States will remain the unchallenged leader in cyberspace for the foreseeable future. Nearly all children in families with incomes of more than $ 75, 000 a year have home computers, according to a study by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Youngsters from ages 2 to 17 at all income levels have computers, with 52% of those connected to the Internet.  Most kids use computers to play games (some for 30 hours or more a week), and many teenage girls think nothing of rushing home from school to have e-mail chats with friends they have just left. 

What’s clear is that, whether we like it or not, the Internet is an ever growing part of our lives and there is no turning back. “The Internet is just 20% invented,” says cyber pioneer Jake Winebaum. “The last80% is happening now.”

24. What can we learn from the Microsoft’s remark?

A. Today’s cars and airplanes are extremely overpriced. 

B. Information technology is developing at an amazing speed. 

C. Information technology has reached the point where improvement is difficult. 

D. There’s more competition in information technology industry than in car industry. 

25. What can we learn from the fourth paragraph?

A. There is a link between income and computer ownership. 

B. Many American children don’t put computers to good use. 

C. Studies show that boys are more computer literate than girls. 

D. The U. S. will stay ahead in the information technology in years. 

26. Which sentence has the phrase that has the same meaning as the one underlined in the fourth paragraph?

A. Some can tell you that he has changed their lives, while others think nothing of him. 

B. Think nothing of it.  It was my pleasure. 

C. He thinks nothing of staying up all night in the Café bar. 

D. He thinks nothing of the pain in his back for the moment. 

C

    We’ve reached a strange—some would say unusual-point. While fighting world hunger continues to be the matter of vital importance according to a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO), more people now die from being overweight, or say, from being extremely fat, than from being underweight. It’s the good life that’s more likely to kill us these days. 

Worse, nearly18million children under the age of five around the world are estimated to be overweight. What’s going on?

We really don’t have many excuses for our weight problems. The dangers of the problem have been drilled into us by public-health campaigns since 2001 and the message is getting through-up to a point. 

In the 1970s, Finland, for example, had the highest rate of heart disease in the world and being overweight was its main cause. Not any more. A public-health campaign has greatly reduced the number of heart disease deaths by 80 per cent over the past three decades. 

Maybe that explains why the percentage of people in Finland taking diet pills doubled between 2001 and 2005, and doctors even offer surgery of removing fat inside and change the shape of the body. That has become a sort of fashion. No wonder it ranks as the world’s most body-conscious country. 

We know what we should be doing to lose weight—but actually doing it is another matter. By far the most popular excuse is not taking enough exercise. More than half of us admit we lack willpower. 

Others blame good food. They say: it’s just too inviting and it makes them overeat. Still others lay the blame on the Americans, complaining that pounds have piled on thanks to eating too much American-style fast food. 

Some also blame their parents—their genes. But unfortunately, the parents are wronged because they’re normal in shape, or rather slim. 

It’s a similar story around the world, although people are relatively unlikely to have tried to lose weight. Parents are eager to see their kids shape up. Do as I say—not as I do. 

27. What is the “strange” point mentioned in the first sentence?

A. The good life is a greater risk than the bad life. 

B. Starvation is taking more people’s lives in the world. 

C. WHO report shows people’s unawareness of food safety. 

D. Overweight issue remains unresolved despite WHO’s efforts. 

28. Why does the author think that people have no excuse for being overweight?

A. A lot of effective diet pills are available. 

B. Body image has nothing to do with good food. 

C. They have been made fully aware of its dangers. 

D. There are too many overweight people in the world. 

29. The example of Finland is used to illustrate_______. 

A. the cause of heart disease

B. the fashion of body shaping

C. the effectiveness of a campaign

D. the history of a body-conscious country

30. Which would be the best title for the passage?

A. Actions or Excuses?

B. Overweight or Underweight?

C. WHO in a Dilemma

D. No Longer Dying of Hunger

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Flashmob: The Pop Culture

If you see a group of people dancing and singing on the street or in the railway station, you don’t need to feel surprised. They are a flashmob. Who are they? Are they mobs(暴民)?  31 Actually, a flashmob is a group of people who gather suddenly in a public place, do something unusual for a brief period of time, and then quickly separate. 

A flashmob is usually organized with the help of the Internet or other digital communications networks.  32 At a predetermined time, they gather and perform some tasks such as exchanging books, coming together to look at the sky, waving their hands and yelling something at the top of their lungs for30seconds.  Then, they quickly disappear before the police can arrive. 

Bill Wasik, senior editor of Harper’s Magazine, organized the first flashmob in Manhattan in May2003and the first successful flashmob gathered on June3, 2003at Macy’s department store.  More than one hundred people stepped onto the ninth floor carpet department of Macy’s department store, gathering around an expensive carpet. Following this flashmob, about200people flooded the lounge of the Hyatt hotel and applauded for about fifteen seconds.  33  

Flashmob gatherings can sometimes shock people. Such an activity might seem amusing, but it might also frighten people who are not aware of what is taking place.  34 They also have enormous economic potential, such as using flashmobs to advertise a product. 

 35 People use it to do many things. For example, in2009, Michael Jackson’s fans took part in a flashmob to remember him. Hundreds of his fans gathered outside the railway station in Liverpool.  They were singing and dancing Michael’s famous song Beat It together. And in another example, some people took part in a flashmob to tell more people not to use negative words. 

Flashmobs give people from all walks of life an opportunity to come together to create a memory. 

A. Don’t be confused by their name. 

B. People are attracted by the silly and harmless activities. 

C. The flashmob is now becoming more and more popular. 

D. Using mobile phones, the flashmob can change their gathering place. 

E. A later mob saw hundreds of people in Central Park making bird noises. 

F. The messages may be forwarded to friends, who forward to more people. 

G. Undoubtedly, flashmobs can serve as good political tools in any direction. 

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

 I was only three days into a graduate year in England, and I was dragging a heavy backpack and suitcase through the London Underground. I was also crying uncontrollably. 

The day before, my uncle had 36 me that I was never to speak to him, his wife or my two cousins again. Earlier, I had made a silly, joking remark(言论). It was never meant to 37 my aunt’s feelings, but it did.  I spent the evening in a telephone booth,  38 as I spoke to a friend. 

As a 22-year-old 39 had been raised to respect and trust adults, I believed my aunt and uncle when they said I’d 40 the relationship between themselves and my family. 

When I left the phone booth, I went back to a 41 house with three closed bedroom doors.  I did not sleep. In the morning, I 42 everyone get up and leave; no one knocked on my door.  When it was quiet, I wrote a note of 43 and left it in my uncle’s bedroom. I dragged my bags to the train station. 

Coming to England seemed like a 44 decision. Still worse, no lifts at the station were working. Crying yet again, I tried to lift my suitcase up the 45 . 

Suddenly there were hands. No one said anything,  46 each time I faced another set of steps, a hand would catch the suitcase handle and 47 it. At the top of the steps, the hand would let go, and I’d pull the suitcase to the next set. And just as I was about to 48 again, another hand would appear suddenly. 

It happened several times. I never looked up and said thanks 49 I could not stop crying. I do remember that each 50 looked different, and that many different people helped me, without asking or saying anything. 

That was the last time I saw or spoke to 51 of those four family members. Yet when I think about that terrible 52 in 1998, I remember those strangers’ hands. They were there when I needed them, and even now, they pull me 53 the sadness of that memory. I think of them as I 54 the underground in Washington today, and I watch the commuters(上下班的人) and tourists, just in case someone 55 a hand. 

36. A. convincedB. taughtC. informedD. persuaded

37. A. hurtB. inspireC. expressD. hide

38. A. noddingB. weepingC. shoutingD. trembling

39. A. whenB. whatC. which    D. who

40. A. enjoyedB. handledC. ruinedD. managed

41. A. silentB. privateC. huge    D. pretty

42. A. sawB. heardC. feltD. observed

43. A. praiseB. apologyC. warningD. thanks

44. A. firmB. toughC. bad    D. final

45. A. carriageB. stationC. pathD. stairs

46. A. andB. orC. but D. so

47. A. liftB. supportC. open      D. press

48. A. quitB. cryC. stop D. struggle

49. A. althoughB. becauseC. ifD. unless

50. A. faceB. handC. personD. suitcase

51. A. someB. none    C. any    D. one

52. A. lossB. lesson    C. call    D. accident

53. A. towardB. alongC. overD. through

54. A. miss B. drive    C. hire    D. ride

55. A. shakesB. needsC. givesD. deserves

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

This is a story about a brave quiet Chinese woman I 56. _______(meet) in Istanbul. I was feeling afraid and 57. _______(tire) at the end of my trip. As I woke in the morning, we talked about our plans for the day; 58. _______did not take me long to ask “Could I please join you today?” She agreed 59. _______(eager); so it was perfect. 

I really did not mind 60. _______we did. I was just happy to have company, someone to share my day 61. _______and together we could travel around the busy city. As we walked, we talked comfortably and easily. Not long did I realize Leo was an amazing woman. She 62. _______(work) long hours as an engineer, often10hours a day, and sometimes until midnight 63. _______(finish) projects. Sometimes she would have to work on 64. _______(weekend). She simply focuses on 65. _______(enjoy) her work as an engineer and plans for her travels every year, for which she can only enjoy two short weeks at a time. 

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗。请你回复邮件。内容包括:

1. 到达时间;

2. 合适的礼物;

3. 餐桌礼仪。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


第二节:概要写作(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

We have been conditioned to believe that IQ is the best measure of human potential.  In the past 10 years, however, researchers have found that this isn’t necessarily the case-that in fact, your emotional intelligence quotient(EQ) might be a greater predictor of success. 

EQ is a person’s ability to understand his or her own emotions and the emotions of others and to act appropriately based on this understanding, and it is more important for happiness and success.  We have all known people who did not complete college, but who have become very successful in business. We call them street smart. We also know people who, on the whole, are positive, communicative, pleasant and supportive—these people enjoy a high level of EQ. 

The vast majority of one’s ultimate success in society is determined by non-IQ factors, ranging from social class to luck. Emotional intelligence is one of those factors. The good thing about EQ is that it can always, at any age, be improved, unlike IQ, which remains more or less fixed in adult life. It’s important to: 

Know one’s own emotions. Recognize and name emotions you feel; understand why you feel that way; and distinguish between feeling and actions. 

Motivate oneself. When considering how to harness your feelings, practice some emotional self-control and delay gratification(满足感). Stanford University researchers tested children’s impulse control by placing a banana in front of them and telling them that they would receive a second one if the first remained when the researcher, who needed to leave the room, returned later.  The follow-up study found that, overall, the children who delayed gratification and did not eat the banana were more successful later in life—as measured by a range of factors including happiness, income and job satisfaction—than those children who ate the banana immediately. 

Recognize emotions in others. The ability to take another person’s perspective is a skill that effective managers possess. Emotionally intelligent individuals also are sensitive to other people’s feeling and listen well. 


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