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2020年浙江省新高三英语预热训练卷04

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2020年浙江省新高三英语预热训练卷04
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2020年浙江省新高三英语预热训练卷04

英  语

(考试时间:90分钟  试卷满分:120分)


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节(共10个小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

A

I have been studying the French language, with some consistency, for three years. This field of study has been, all at once, the hardest and most rewarding of my life. I would put it above the study of writing simply because I started writing as a 6-year-old boy under my mother’s guidance. I always “felt” I could write. I did not always “feel” I could effectively study a foreign language. 

But here I am, right now, in a Montreal hotel. I mishear words. I confuse tenses. I can’t really use the subjunctive. Yet. 

Something has happened to me and the something is this — I have gotten better. I don’t know when I first felt it. I didn’t feel it this summer at Middlebury, despite the difference in my entrance and exit scores. I didn’t feel it when I first arrived in Paris in January. I felt, as I always feel, like I was stumbling around in the dark. I still feel like that. But I also feel like I am getting better at stumbling. 

I am emphasizing how I “feel” because, when studying, it is as important as any objective reality. Hopelessness feeds the fatigue that leads the student to quit. It is not the study of language that is hard, so much as the “feeling” that your present level is who you are and who you will always be. I remember returning from France at the end of the summer of 2013, and being convinced that I had some kind of brain injury which prevented me from hearing French vowel sounds. But the real enemy was not any injury so much as the “feeling” of despair. That is why I ignore all the research about children and their language advantage. I don’t want to hear it. I just don’t care. As Carolyn Forché would say — “I’m going to have it.”

To “have it”, I must manage my emotional health. Part of that long-term management — beyond French — is giving myself an opportunity to get better at difficult things. There is absolutely nothing in this world like the feeling of sucking at something and then improving at it. 

21. The first paragraph implies that the writer_______. 

A. is awarded for learning French

B. is confident in his writing in French

C. has a poor gift for language skills

D. suffers in learning French for three years

22. We can infer from the third paragraph that_______. 

A. the writer often lost his way in Paris

B. the writer came to Paris to learn French

C. the writer had no trouble speaking French

D. the writer improved his French unconsciously

23. According to the writer, in learning foreign languages_______. 

A. the feeling of hope is very important

B. the advantage lies in the learners’ ages

C. the real enemy is your brain injury

D. the fatigue leads to the difficulty to read vowels

B

Developed and developing nations can learn from each other seeking a low-carbon economy, a Chinese government official said in Shanghai yesterday. 

“China doesn’t lag developed nations in terms of energy saving and green economy”, said Zhou Changyi, director of the energy saving department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. 

“While we can learn many aspects from developed nations, they also should learn something from us, such as water conservation,” Zhou said in a speech during the new Path of China’s Industrialization forum at the ongoing China International Industry Fair 2009. 

He said industrialized nations and China are dealing with different issues to combat climate change. The United Kingdom, for example, is concerned about transport, buildings and new energy in reducing carbon emissions. For China, the most urgent task is how to realize new-type of industrialization and avoid mistakes that other countries made when they industrialized. 

As such, overseas exhibitors at this year’s fair are showing ways to help China achieve low carbon emissions in the industrial section. 

Swiss power and automation technology group ABB called for a stronger focus on product life-cycle assessment, or LCA, which is used to study the environmental impact of a product from the research and manufacturing stage through its usage and recycling. 

Tobias Becker, head of ABB’s process automation division for North Asia and China, said LCA is an effective tool in helping manufacturing industries to reduce carbon emissions. 

LCA shows that industrial customers should focus on a product’s environmental impact throughout its life cycle instead of on its initial investment or ready to use stage. For example, a motor’s initial investment accounts for only3percent of its life cycle cost, while 94 percent goes to fuel consumption and the rest to maintenance. 

Richard Hausmann, North East Asia CEO of Siemens, said, “The color of future industrialization is green.”

The Germany Company recently announces that it wants to receive orders worth more than6billion Euros (US 8.8 billion) for intelligent net power networks, Smart Grid, over the next five years. Siemens has set a20percent market share target for the global smart grid business. 

A smart grid delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using digital technology, advanced sensors specialized computers that save energy, reduce costs and increase reliability. The United States and China are considered the two biggest markets for smart grid. 

24. The underlined word “lag” can be replaced by “_______”. 

A. fall behind B. be superior to

C. attack D. fear

25. We can infer from the eleventh paragraph of this passage that_______. 

A. Siemens has occupied 20 percent market share for the global smart grid business

B. Siemens received orders worth 6 billion Euros recently

C. Siemens will earn $8. 8 billion from intelligent power networks

D. Siemens’ plan about Smart Grid may come true in the future

26. The best title for the passage is_______. 

A. Developed and Developing Nations Can Learn From Each Other

B. Low-carbon Economy—a Shared Goal

C. Intelligent Power Networks

D. Two Biggest Markets for Smart Grid

C

 We all think that we know what happiness is. We all seem to be making great efforts towards this goal of happiness but what is it really? It is an agreed fact that all the creatures want happiness and are afraid of pain and sadness. The question, however, is “What is real happiness?” What really is called happiness? The desire for happiness has no meaning without understanding the real nature of happiness. 

Some thinkers say, “Happiness does not lie in objects of enjoyment; happiness or unhappiness lies in imagination.”

To prove their belief, they give examples like the following one: A man has a two-storey house; on the right is a five-storey building and on the left a cottage. When he sees right, he feels unhappy and when he sees left he feels happy. As such happiness does not lie in possession of sensory objects, but in imagination. They advise people to look towards those who have fewer possessions and be happy. If you look towards people having more wealth and possessions, you will always be unhappy. 

It is unreasonable to hold this point of view. It is unkind to regard one as happy by imagining that one is better than the poor and the unhappy. “If you want to be happy, look towards the poor.” We know that those poor people cannot satisfy even their basic needs. This attitude satisfies the sense of pride of possessions, but this can never be called happiness. 

Unless we really find where happiness lies, we cannot really be happy. 

Some ask people to do this and do that and say, “This way your desires would be satisfied. You would get the desired objects and become happy.” People holding these views regard happiness as satisfaction of desires. But it is not possible to satisfy one’s desires because there are countless desires of countless people and the material things are limited. Then new desires arise as soon as the previous ones are satisfied. Therefore, desires, which are changing all the time, can never be satisfied. 

Happiness is a characteristic of a good life, that is, a life in which a person fulfills(履行) human nature in an excellent way. People have a set of purposes which are typically human: These belong to our nature. Happiness is also a condition that must be prepared for, cultivated(培养), and defended privately by each person. People who learn to control inner experience will be able to determine the quality of their lives and come to being happy. Happiness lies in the distribution of easiness among others. Happiness stands for forgiveness and justice. Happiness is the name of struggle and courage. Happiness may be founded in seeking of true knowledge and rule of wisdom. Happiness may be shared in service and duty. This life is a combination of joys and sorrows, and honest efforts should be done to make this life journey full of happiness, love, peace and harmony. 

27. What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To show how to achieve happiness. 

B. To encourage people to achieve happiness. 

C. To explain the features of happiness. 

D. To argue how to understand happiness. 

28. According to the passage, people who think happiness lies in imagination will try to achieve happiness by_______. 

A. looking towards those with fewer possessions

B. looking towards people having more wealth

C. imagining how rich they will be in the future

D. imagining that they have a five-storey building

29. The writer doesn’t think that happiness lies in the satisfaction of desires because_______. 

A. no desires of a person can be satisfied at all

B. ever-changing desires can never be satisfied

C. there isn’t enough money to meet people’s needs

D. the desires of a person are limited

30. In the writer’s opinion, happiness_______. 

A. can be achieved easily by earning money

B. must belong to those with rich knowledge

C. can be gained by setting small goals

D. can be gained by controlling inner experience

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Five Questions to Ask to Detect a Lie

Are you being lied to? Find out how you can tell. 

How is the person speaking?

Although a change in voice can be the tip-off to a lie, experts say that to be sure, you should also pay attention to a person’s speech rate and breathing pattern.  31 

What is the person saying?

Liars tend to avoid exclusionary words like “but”, “nor”, “except”, and “whereas”, because they have trouble with complex thought processes.  32 In their attempts to distance themselves psychologically from their tall tales, liars will tend to communicate using fewer personal pronouns. 

Is his face giving it away?

You may think disguising your true feelings is easily accomplished with the help of a smile, but the expressions that flash across your face will give away what you’re really thinking—whether you know it or not.  33 These clues are often so difficult to detect that even trained experts have trouble discerning them. 

How is the person smiling?

A smile can sometimes mask a person’s true feelings.  34 You may be able to detect the emotions he or she is trying to hide—such as fear, anger, and disgust.  A true smile will incorporate both a person’s lips and eyes. 

 35 

It’s more important to examine a person’s entire demeanor(举止), as there’s no one feature that’s apt(恰当的; 易于的)to give away a liar.  Honesty is characterized by features that are in sync(同步)with one another—so besides posture, note the fit between face, body, voice and speech. 

A. Does the body language follow the story?

B. Is your subject behaving uncharacteristically?

C. Liars are less likely to use the words “I”, “me” and “mine”. 

D. You should weigh rate of speech, tone of voice, posture and hand gestures. 

E. Pay close attention to how a person smiles as well as other facial movements. 

F. Experts advise paying close attention to the micro-expressions that a face can’t hide. 

G. If a person either speeds up or slows down, chances are you’re not hearing the whole truth. 

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

 With time flying, people become aged. Then many people even in their middle age often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can’t remember 36 we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old friend’s name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain 37 , we refer to these occurrences as “senior moments.”  38 seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(n) 39 effect on our  social and 40 well-being. 

  Neuroscientists, experts who study the nerve system, are increasingly showing that there’s actually a lot that can be done. It 41 out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental 42 can significantly improve our basic cognitive(认知) 43 . Thinking is basically a 44 of making connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our  ability to 45 in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited(继承).  46 , because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and wave 47 mental effort. 

Now, a new Web-based company has taken a 48 step and developed the first “brain training program” designed to actually help people improve and 49 their mental sharpness. 

The Web-based program 50 you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps a(n) 51 of your progress and provides detailed feedback(反馈)  52 your performance and improvement. Most importantly, it 53 changes and improves the games you play to 54 up the strengths you are developing—much like a(n) 55 exercise routine which requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use. 

36. A. where B. when C. how D. why

37. A. improves B. fades C. recovers D. falls

38. A. If B. Unless C. Once D. While

39. A. irregular B. limited C. damaging D. positive

40. A. personal B. psychological C. mental D. physical

41. A. turns B. finds C. points D. figures

42. A. connection B. responses C. workouts D. associations

43. A. style B. functions C. circumstances D. atmosphere

44. A. steps B. condition C. consequences D. process

45. A. insist B. believe C. succeed D. fail

46. A. Therefore B. Moreover C. Otherwise D. However

47. A. according to B. regardless of C. apart from D. instead of

48. A. back B. further     C. aside     D. around

49. A. regain B. reflect C. review D. respond

50. A. suggests B. makes C. hurries D. allows

51. A. hold B. record C. order D. pace

52. A. to B. with C. for     D. about

53. A. irregularly B. habitually C. constantly D. unusually

54. A. carry B. put C. build     D. take

55. A. risky B. effective C. meaningless D. familiar

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

There are moments in life 56.    you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them from your dreams and hug them for real! 

When one door of happiness closes, 57.    opens, but often we have been looking so long at the closed door 58.   we don’t see the one which59.    (open)for us already. Don’t go for looks; they can deceive(欺骗). Don’t go for wealth; that fades away. Go for someone who makes you smile because 60.    takes only a smile to make a dark day bright. Dream what you want to dream; go 61.    you want to go; be what you want 62.   (be). The happiest people don’t 63.    (necessary)have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that comes along their way. The brightest future will always be 64.   (base)on a forgotten past. When you were born, you were crying and everyone 65.   you was smiling. Live your life so that when you die, you’re the one who is smiling and everyone around you is crying. 

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华,校学生会主席。学生会计划举办“中国传统美食节”的活动,请你给外教Mary写封邮件,邀请她参加。内容包括:

1. 时间和地点;

2. 活动:学习制作、共同品尝美食等。

注意:

1. 词数100左右。

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

____________________________________________

____________________________________________


第二节:读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面短文, 根据所给情节进行续写, 使之构成一个完整的故事。

On the way back from work every evening, cars and buses went in all directions, all the people were going home in a hurry. However, more often than not, there would be a homeless man standing at the exit of the freeway. He looked to be in his late 40s but was probably a lot younger. He had shoulder length straight black hair and a short beard. Though it seemed that he was poor, he looked around with a big smile. 

Every day after work I would remember to gather any spare change, and put it aside to give him if I saw him. A feeling of joy would come over me every time I saw him, while coming off the ramp(坡道). So did he. Sometimes the red light would be on for a minute and we would ask each other about our day. His answer would always be the same, “I’m blessed!”

Then one day I was called into my boss’s office and was told that I was laid off(解雇). For the rest of that day all I could think of was “how am I going to provide for my kids as a mother, how am I going to pay rent?” Hopeless, I drove home. 

It is clear that on my way home that day I was very sad and upset. I didn’t remember to look for my spare change and keep it ready like I usually did. Yet there he was as always, as I turned the ramp. He set his eyes on me, while still smiling and waving at others as usual. 

注意: 

1. 所续写短文的词数应为150个左右; 

2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语; 

3. 续写部分分为两段, 每段开头语已为你写好; 

4. 续写完成后, 请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1: 

While I was waiting for the red light to turn, . . . 

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

Paragraph 2: 

You see that day he taught me a valuable lesson. . . 

____________________________________________

____________________________________________


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