I have a friend, who is head of one of our largest corporations. He is approaching his middle seventies, and he is still a great leader. He, too, never talks of the past. Instead, he tackles the problems of each day in his stride, brims with plans for the future and, incidentally, shoots in the low seventies on any golf course. He is a happy man because he is productive.
Two of the hardest things to accomplish in this world are to acquire wealth by honest effort and, having gained it, to learn how to use it properly. Recently I walked into the locker room of a rather well-known golf club after finishing a round. It was in the late afternoon and most of the members had left for their homes. But a half-dozen or so men past middle age were still seated at tables talking aimlessly and drinking more than the quantity that was good for them. These same men can be found there day after day, and, strangely enough, each one of these men had been a man of affairs and wealth, successful in business and respected in the community. If material prosperity were the chief necessity for happiness, then each one should have been happy. Yet, it seemed to me, something very important was missing, else — there would not have been the constant effort to escape the realities of life through scotch and soda. They knew, each one of them, that their productivity had ceased(停止). When a fruit tree ceases to bear its fruit, it is dying. And it is even so with man.
What is the answer to a long and happy existence in this world of ours? I think I found it long ago in a passage from the book of Genesis which caught my eye while I was looking through my Bible. The words were few, but they became memorably impressed on my mind. “In the sweat of the face shall you eat the bread.”
To me, that has been a challenge from my earliest memories. In fact, the battle of life, of existence, is a challenge to everyone. The immortal(不朽的) words of St. Paul, too, have been and always will be a great inspiration to me. At the end of the road I want to be able to feel that I have fought a good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith.
21. Which of the following is indicated in the second paragraph?
A. Wealth results from honest effort.
B. The men seated at tables in the locker room are lost in the significance of life.
C. For some people, no way can be found to escape the realities of life other than scotch and soda.
D. The men acquire wealth by planting fruit trees.
22. The underlined sentence “In the sweat of the face shall you eat the bread” means“_______”.
A. Bread tastes delicious when sweat pours off your face
B. No pains, no gains
C. Failure is the mother of success
D. Bread comes from the sweat on your face
23. It is implied in the passage by the writer that_______.
A. to use wealth properly, eat, drink and be merry.
B. where there is a will, there is a way.
C. as life is but like a dream, a man is like a fruit tree.
D. if you cease to struggle, you cease to live.
More than four decades ago, British scientist Robert Edwards first witnessed the miracle of human life growing inside a test tube at his Cambridge lab. Since that ground-breaking moment, more than four million babies have been born through IVF(体外受精) and in 2010 his great contribution to science was finally recognized as he was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine.
The prize for Dr Edwards, who was given a Daily Mirror Pride of Britain Award in 2008, includes a￡900, 000 cheque. The Nobel Assembly described IVF as a “milestone in modern medicine”.
With the help of fellow scientist Patrick Steptoe, the Manchester-born physiologist developed IVF — leading to the birth of the world’s first test tube baby. Dr Steptoe died 10 years later but their work has transformed fertility treatment and given hope to millions of couples.
It was a scientific breakthrough that transformed the lives of millions of couples. They said: “His achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, a disease which makes humans unable to have a baby. This condition has been afflicting a large percentage of mankind including more than 10% of all couples worldwide.”
Louise Brown, the world’s first test tube baby, made international headlines when she was born in Oldham, Gtr Manchester, in 1978 to parents Lesley and John who had been fruitlessly trying for a baby since 1969.
Ivf-in-vitro fertilisation is the process whereby egg cells are fertilised outside the body before being implanted in the womb. After a cycle of IVF, the probability of a couple with infertility problems having a baby is one in five—the same as healthy couples who conceive naturally.
Professor Edwards, who has five daughters and 11 grandchildren, began his research at Cambridge University in 1963, after receiving his PhD in 1955. He once said: “The most important thing in life is having a child. Nothing is more special than a child.” With the help of fellow scientist Patrick Steptoe, Prof. Edwards founded the Bourn Hall clinic in Cambridge shire, which now treats more than 900 women a year. Each year, more than 30, 000 women in Britain now undergo IVF and 11, 000 babies are born as a result of the treatment.
But his work attracted widespread criticism from some scientists and the Catholic Church who said it was “unethical and immoral”.
Martin Johnson, professor of reproductive(生殖的) sciences at the University of Cambridge, said the award was “long overdue”. He said: “We couldn’t understand why the Nobel has come so late but he is delighted — this is the cherry on the cake for him.”
Professor Edwards was too ill to give interviews but a statement released by his family said he was “thrilled and delighted”.
24. What is Robert Edwards’ contribution to science?
A. Challenging a disease which stops humans having a baby.
B. Seeing the wonder of the first tube baby growing.
C. Enabling millions of couples to live a better life.
D. Helping couples with infertility to have test tube babies.
25. Why did Professor Edwards begin his research on test tube baby?
A. Because he thought it of great significance to have a child in life.
B. Because the birth rate around the world was unexpectedly low then.
C. Because a special child did make a difference to an ordinary family.
D. Because his fellow scientist wanted to give hope to the unlucky couples.
26. It can be inferred from Paragraph 8 and Paragraph 9 that_______.
A. some people envied Professor Edwards for his being awarded
B. different opinions were voiced on Professor Edwards’ finding
C. Professor Edwards deserved the prize for his breakthrough
D. the prize was late because the finding was first considered immoral
Tiny monitoring devices have become an increasingly common way for scientists to study elusive animals that are difficult to track on a day-to-day basis. However, now it seems that smart seals have caught on to the trick and are using it to their advantage to catch fish!
To find out if that is true, a team of researchers from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland selected a group of ten young grey seals that had neither encountered the ocean nor been exposed to any kind of acoustic(声音的) tags. The researchers then placed the seals one at a time, inside a pool that contained 20 foraging boxes, only two of which housed fish — one with tags and the other without.
Each seal was allowed to explore the boxes twenty separate times. In order to ensure that mammal was not depending on its memory, the fish were moved to different boxes each time. At first, there was no difference in the amount of time it took the seals to discover the tagged and untagged fish. However, after they had been in the pool a few times, they started locating the tagged fish much faster.
To confirm that this indeed was the case, there searchers conducted a second experiment using two boxes — one with pieces of fish and the other with just acoustic tags. Sure enough, the seals were all attracted to the one that was sending out signals.
While this experiment involved only seals, the researchers believe that other marine mammals may also be using the information to catch prey. Sadly, predators like sharks that have been tagged by scientists may be negatively affected, as pings they emit could warn their prey of their presence. Besides potentially messing up nature’s food chain, the “dinner bell” effect of the acoustic tags could also mean that the conclusions reached by previous fish studies may not be correct. Now that the secret is out, scientists will have to come up with another way to conduct their studies — one that is not detectable by the crafty marine animals.
27. What does the underlined part “the trick” in Paragraph1refer to?
A. Looking for ways to catch fish.
B. Following the sound that fish make.
C. Tracking sea animals on a day-to-day basis.
D. Attaching tiny monitoring devices to sea animals.
28. What is implied about the ten young grey seals?
A. They were not born in the ocean.
B. They have acoustic tags attached to them.
C. They have better hearing than normal seals.
D. They have been trained to recognize acoustic tags.
29. After doing the two experiments the researchers most probably concluded that_______.
A. it’s really easy for seals to find their prey
B. seals can be easily fooled by acoustic tags
C. seals can really make use of the acoustic signals to prey
D. seals are much cleverer than most of the other sea animals
30. The researchers seem to believe that sharks tagged by scientists_______.
A. may benefit from the tags
B. may find it hard to find prey
C. may attract seals by mistake
D. may be annoyed by the emitted pings
How to Write a Travel Blog
A travel blog produces interest in people for visiting the new places. 31 A blog owner might identify a place, such as travel locations within a small region of a country, or broaden the scope to include countries across the globe. Writing a travel blog requires recording notes and observations, taking pictures and talking to local people while traveling. Here are a few tips for writing a travel blog.
First of all, you must visit various places so that you can teach your visitors about these locations. Visitors of your site want an eye-catching text such that they feel as if they are at the place you’re describing.
32 Protect the reliability of your travel blog by proving all facts. Write down directions as you travel to various locations so that you can provide accurate information to readers. Provide the correct spelling of towns, people, restaurants and streets. Call phone numbers and visit website links before publishing to verify accuracy.
33 As you travel, write down your impressions. After a memorable dining experience, for example, write down the name of the restaurant, the dish you ordered, its ingredients and the details of the decor and music.
You must add people’s interview during the journey. 34 The scent of rare flowers, the beautiful view from a mountain top, the feel of soft towels in a high-end hotel, and the sound of a waterfall are examples of descriptions that help people to connect immediately with a place or experience.
Take pictures. To help people see things with their own eyes, take pictures of all locations about which you wish to write. Local cuisines, landmarks, traditional clothing and scenic locations are possible examples. 35
Respond to readers’ comments. Blogs typically allow you to accept or disable comments. Allowing comments is an opportunity to build rapport with readers and answer questions.
A. Keep a travel journal.
B. Record events on videos.
C. Provide correct facts.
D. Ask for submissions from other travelers.
E. Visiting gives mental satisfaction to all people.
F. Use the senses when writing about locations.
G. Take photos, posting the clearest and most bright pictures.
Last spring, Michelle fell in love with kite-boarding, an adventure sport that combines surfing and sailing. So she got a kite-board, took some 36 and a few months later drove out to the Banana River. There she met John, who offered to help her 37 her skills.
One day, John 38 Michelle while his wife, Nancy, stayed behind on a Jet Ski(摩托艇). In that way, there would be 39 to bring back Michelle if she got into trouble. After John gave her a few 40 , he took off. He’d sailed about three quarters of a mile down the river when he felt the wind 41 . He knew that the stronger the wind grew, the more 42 it would be for Michelle to control her board. 43 , he turned and started sailing back toward the two women.
Michelle had 44 decided to head for shore. The wind was too strong for her to handle the kite. She prepared to land her 45 by releasing one of the four lines that kept the sail in the air. 46 she didn’t have a chance. She was thrown over the water, still 47 to the kite. Seconds later, a huge wind sent the kite upward. Even more dangerous, the sail’s lines started to twist together, round and round. Michelle 48 to free from the kite. But she failed.
Nancy was several hundred feet away on the Jet Ski and couldn’t get to her 49 enough to help. By then, John had closed in and Michelle felt John 50 her out of the water. As she held his arm, he tried to pull the handle but couldn’t 51 it. Then suddenly, John let go. At that point, Michelle was sure she would die without him holding 52 her. But John had seen Nancy approaching and 53 that he’d have a better chance of helping Michelle. He jumped onto the Jet Ski. As the kite dived down, with all his 54 , he jumped from the Jet Ski onto the kite and dragged it to the water. Finally Michelle was saved.
This experience hasn’t kept Michelle from loving kite-boarding. “Life is fragile(脆弱的), but it’s meant to be 55 , ” she says.
36. A. lectures B. lessons C. skills D. measures
37. A. show B. teach C. require D. improve
38. A. expected B. controlled C. instructed D. saved
39. A. anyone B. everyone C. none D. someone
40. A. sails B. chances C. tips D. handles
41. A. get up B. slow down C. die down D. pick up
42. A. challenging B. exciting C. interesting D. frightening
43. A. Amazed B. Worried C. Frustrated D. Surprised
44. A. always B. still C. already D. even
45. A. board B. line C. boat D. kite
46. A. So B. And C. Or D. But
47. A. attached B. appealed C. applied D. added
48. A. managed B. attempted C. demanded D. advised
49. A. bravely B. nearly C. slowly D. quickly
50. A. fetch B. bring C. lift D. put
51. A. reach B. sense C. remember D. feel
52. A. down B. onto C. back D. out
53. A. doubted B. insisted C. figured D. pretended
54. A. heart B. strength C. care D. consideration
55. A. enjoyed B. pleased C. pushed D. spent
On the first day of her work, Sally found that a class full of problems was waiting for her. Six teachers 56. _______(quit)before her. When she walked into the classroom, it was chaos: two boys were fighting in the far corner, yet 57. _______rest of the class seemed not to notice them; some girls were chatting and some were running about; paper, food packages and other garbage were littered around... Just 58. _______she was about to speak, a student rushed in and pushed her aside! He was twenty minutes late!
Sally walked onto the platform, picked up a piece of chalk and wrote on the blackboard: “Rule 1: We are family!” All students stopped 59. _______(look)at her. And she continued with Rule 2, Rule 3. . . In the 60. _______(follow) weeks, Sally worked out 10 class rules and posted 61. _______on the walls of the classroom. She patiently 62. _______(explain) all the rules to the students and required everyone to follow them.
63. _______(surprise), Sally was not driven out like the former teachers; instead, she won respect from the students. Over the year, she witnessed gradual change in the class. At the 64. _______(graduate) ceremony, just 65. _______she expected, she was very proud to stand with a class of care, manners and confidence.
Skydiving was developed as a way to land troops in inland areas during the 1st World War. It was not until the fifties that parachuting was thought of as a recreational sport. Of course, it is still used in the military and more and more in civilian use for firefighting and other protective services to get needed personnel where they are needed.
A modern skydiving team will each carry two chutes and many other safety features, such as an altimeter that alerts the skydiver that it is time to open the parachute. A ripcord pulled by the jumper opens the primary chute, but the secondary chute is opened when the altitude reaches a certain level, in case of any problems with the jumper opening the chute. In addition, there is the concept of static line jumping, where the jumper has no control whatsoever; the parachute is opened as soon as he jumps out of the plane.
The speed at which a skydiver descends to the earth is primarily determined by his position when he leaves the plane. Spread eagle or belly down position allows for the slowest descent because of the added wind resistance, but diving head first out of the plane will give the diver speeds of as much as 200 mph, since there is so little wind resistance.
Most first experiences for new skydivers are a tandem(双人的) jump. In this type of jump, the novice diver is harnessed to an instructor. At any point in the descent, the instructor can take over and control the jump, the free fall and the opening of the chute and the eventual landing. Most skydiving centers will require at least one tandem jump before a student can move up to the next step, which is a static line jump.