I believe in leaving work at five o’clock. In a nation with such a strict work ethic(道德规范), this is considered strange. Working only 40 hours a week? I just don’t know many people who punch out(打卡下班)at five o’clock anymore.
My father tried to teach me the importance of hard work, long hours and devotion to a career. But then there are the things he taught me unintentionally, like when he arrived home from work for the last time and crawled up the stairs.
My father, a self-employed sales trainer, was that sick, that tired. His body was wracked with liver cancer, and he suffered the effects of a diabetes(糖尿病). Despite all this, he insisted on traveling a long way to give a lecture. He probably earned a lot of money that day, but he paid the price. He returned to the hospital soon afterwards and was dead within three months, aged just 58.
It’s been 10 years since I saw my father come home that night and since then, I’ve thought a lot about work. I’ve decided something: I will never crawl up the stairs exhausted. As much as I love my job as a newspaper reporter, I will never work myself into the ground, physically or emotionally. Not taking my work home didn’t come easily to me at first. After all, I am my father’s daughter. In college, I was the girl who sat on the library steps each morning, waiting for the doors to open. I even dreamt about schoolwork.
My dad once told me he was unable to just gaze at a sunset; he had to be doing something as he looked at it—writing, reading, playing chess. You could say he was a success: He was a published author, an accomplished musician, fluent in many languages. That’s an impressive list, but the thing I want to do is gaze at sunsets. I don’t want to meet a deadline during them or be writing a column at the same time, or glance at them over the top of a book.
This raises the question: If I leave work at five o’clock to watch the sunset, what are the consequences? Do I risk not reaching the top of my profession? Maybe, because honestly, knocking off after eight hours probably won’t earn me the best promotion. But hey, leaving work at five o’clock means I eat dinner with my family. I get to hop on my bike and cycle through the streets of my hometown when there is no traffic.
And I get to take in a lot of sunsets. That’s got to be worth something.
21. What does the author mean by saying “Not taking my work home didn’t come easily to me at first” in Paragraph 4?
A. There was so much work to do.
B. All her colleagues took work home.
C. She was educated to be a workaholic.
D. She wanted a promotion in her work.
22. What’s the author’s attitude towards promotion?
A. She doesn’t care about it at all.
B. She is eager to get promoted.
C. She thinks it’s for the ambitious people.
D. Getting promoted at all costs is not worthwhile.
23. What does the writer intend to tell us?
A. To praise her father’s diligence.
B. To ask us to take time off work to enjoy life.
C. To complain about the strict work ethic.
D. To stress the importance of hard work.
Some people are just bound to be failures. That’s the way some adults look at troubled kids. Maybe you’ve heard the saying, “A bird with a broken wing will never fly as high. ”T. J. Ware was made to feel this way almost every day in school.
By high school, T. J. was the most celebrated troublemaker in his town. Teachers would feel uneasy when they saw his name posted on their classroom lists for the next term. Teachers didn’t want to have him again the following year. T. J. was moving on, but certainly not moving up. I met T. J. for the first time at a weekend leadership retreat. All the students at school had been invited to sign up for ACE training, a program designed to have students become more involved in their communities. When I showed up to lead their first retreat, the community leaders gave me this overview of the attending students: “We have a total range of students represented today, from the student body president to T. J. Ware, the boy with the longest arrest record in the history of town. ”
At the start of the training, Ware was standing outside the circle of students, against the back wall, with that “go ahead, impress me” look on his face. But slowly, the interactive games drew him in. The ice really melted when the groups started building a list of positive and negative things that had occurred at school that year. T. J. had some definite thoughts on those situations. The other students in T. J. ’s group welcomed his comments. All of a sudden T. J. felt like a part of the group, and before long he was being treated like a leader. He was saying things that made a lot of sense, and everyone was listening.
The next day, T. J. was very active in all the activities. By the end of the retreat, he had joined the Homeless Project team. The other students on the team were impressed with his passionate concern and ideas. They elected T. J. co-chairman of the team. The student council president would be taking his instruction from T. J. Ware. A group of teachers strongly opposed to his being elected co-chairman. The very project was to be a huge food drive, organized by the Homeless Project team. These teachers reminded Coggshall, the principal, “He has an arrest record as long as your arm. He’ll probably steal half the food. ”Mr Coggshall reminded them that the purpose of the ACE program was to uncover any positive passion that a student had and strengthen its practice until true change could take place. The teachers left the meeting shaking their heads, firmly convinced that failure was approaching.
Two weeks later, T. J. and his friends led a group of 70 students in a drive to collect food and collected a school record: 2, 854 cans of food in just two hours. The local newspaper covered the event with a full-page article the next day. That newspaper story was posted on the main bulletin board at school, where everyone could see it. T. J. ’s picture was up there for doing something great. T. J. totally changed and led a second project, collecting300 blankets and 1, 000 pairs of shoes for the homeless shelter.
T. J. reminds us that a bird with a broken wing only needs mending. But once it has healed, it can fly higher than the rest. T. J. got a job. He has become productive and he is flying quite nicely these days.
24. It can be learned from the community leaders’ introduction(Paragraph 2) that_______.
A. Ware was rejected by all his teachers
B. Ware was unwilling to participate in the project
C. Ware impressed the teachers deeply with his ideas
D. Ware was regarded as a most troublesome kid
25. Faced with teachers’ objection to Ware’s being elected co-chairman, the principal_______.
A. offered him an opportunity that changed his life
B. believed that he was bound to be a failure
C. was modest and accepted teachers’ suggestion
D. was determined to forgive his previous faults
26. Ware was acknowledged as the team leader mainly because_______.
A. the teachers strongly recommended him as chairman
B. the teammates had no definite thoughts on the situations
C. Ware’s concern and ideas touched other students
D. the local newspaper reported the event
27. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. Born Loser B. Broken Wing
C. Unexpected Leader D. Melting Ice
For as long as they can remember Jynne Martin and April Surgent had both dreamed of going to Antarctica. This winter, they each made it to the icy continent as guests of the National Science Foundation(NSF). But they didn’t go as scientists. Martin is a poet and Surgent is an artist. They went to Antarctica as participants in the NSF’s Artists and Writers program. The NSF is the government agency that funds scientific research in Antarctica. But it also makes it possible for artists, including filmmakers and musicians, to experience Antarctica and contribute their own points of view to our understanding of the continent.
The mixing of science and art in Antarctica isn’t new. Some of the earliest explorers brought along painters and photographers. Edward Wilson was a British painter, doctor, and bird expert who journeyed with Robert Falcon Scott on two separate Antarctic expeditions more than 100 years ago. Herbert Ponting was a photographer who also accompanied Scott on one of those expeditions. In hundreds of photos, Ponting captured the beauty of the continent and recorded the daily lives and heroic struggles of the explorers.
Today’s scientists write articles for scientific journals. Unlike the early explorers’journals, scientific papers can now be very difficult for non-scientists to understand. Writers in Antarctica work to explain the research to the public. Peter Rejcek is an editor, writer, and photographer for the Antarctic Sun, an online magazine devoted to news about the U. S. Antarctic Program. Rejcek began his career in the Antarctic in 2003 by spending a year at the South Pole. He has returned every year since interviewing scientists about research at Palmer, McMurdo, and South Pole stations.
There are also scientists in Antarctica who work hard to explain their research to the public. Scientist Diane McKnight wrote The Lost Seal, a children’s book that explains the research she and others are doing in an unusual ice-free area in Antarctica called the Dry Valleys.
Antarctica is full of stories and wonders that are scientific, historical, and personal. People such as Martin, Surgent, Rejcek, and McKnight are devoted to bringing those stories to as many people as they can. “Some people are going to be scientists, some people are going to be journalists, some people are going to be artists, but we can all work together, ”says Surgent, “to celebrate this extraordinary place. ”
28. What do we know about the NSF?
A. It is a government agency.
B. It only funds scientists in Antarctica.
C. It encourages the understanding of human nature.
D. It enables the mixing of science and art for the first time.
29. By mentioning Diane McKnight, the author may try to suggest that_______.
A. scientists should explain their research to children
B. writers are not necessary since scientists can tell stories as well
C. telling stories to children is more important than knowing the truth
D. no matter what role we play, we can work together to appreciate Antarctica
30. What would be the best title for this article?
A. Antarctica: A Land for All
B. The NSF: A Program for All
C. Antarctica: A Land of Beauty and Stories
D. The NSF: A Program for Artists and Scientists
A blog can be a very effective way of spreading the words about yourself, and your other writing. It can unshroud your knowledge, and create an ongoing relationship with your readers. 31 It’s also an expression of your personality.
An obvious starting point is to post samples of your work that not only show off your skills and writing ability but also leave people wanting more. Post selections from the most exciting parts of your stories but end them just as the action reaches its peak. If you write nonfiction(写实文学), show people what they can achieve, and give them a few steps to get them started.
32 For example, something about struggling with difficulty and many other issues like this. Your writing tips can also be included, as well as interesting, strange or funny things you discovered during your research. Whenever you contact an expert, ask if he or she has any interesting stories you could use. 33
Give details of coming posts on your blog, so people can watch out for you, or come and meet you. 34 Include photos of objects and locations in your writing, famous people you meet, the views from your window, and your favorite things—with a note about where they come from and what they mean to you. Look out for things that will help your readers get to know you better, know the subject better, or anything else you think they might find useful, inspiring or entertaining.
35 As a writer you shouldn’t ever run out of interesting materials to fill your blog with—and your readers will love you for it.
A. Give tips, information and advice about the subjects you cover.
B. But, like many other new things, the blog is also a double-edged sword.
C. A good blog is more than just a marketing tool.
D. If you only occasionally post things on your blog, people have a tendency to forget you.
E. You may also give background information about your stories and locations.
F. And we can write our feelings, our sense of life and some small things every day on it, just like keeping a simple diary in 140 words or fewer.
G. Personal news will help people feel better connected to you.
There was once a shepherd who had a daughter whose great beauty 36 a lot of young men from all over the country. One day, the shepherd 37 his daughter what kind of man she wanted to be her husband. His daughter said her future husband can be poor but also a 38 man. “How could that be, poor and rich are two 39 things!” said her father. “Dear father, a poor person also has his wealth.” said his daughter. The shepherd then 40 that his daughter was ready for marriage.
One day, there were many eligible men 41 outside the shepherd’s home. He came out and said, “All right, gentlemen, those 42 think they are eligible, please 43 and tell me your qualifications! ”A few well-dressed gentlemen came forward 44 by their servants and loads of gifts carried by camels. “We are rich men, we have gold and silver mines, silk, fur and red carpets. Please 45 one of us.” The shepherd’s daughter just 46 .
Suddenly, a plainly dressed young man 47 . The shepherd asked, “Young man, you look so poor. What can you 48 my daughter?” “My wealth is always with me and it is my 49 ,” the young man said, “I am a good tailor. I am also a good 50 . I can make tables and chairs within an hour! 51 , I do not have any property, servants or jewelry. But, with my pair of hands, I do have a whole life of 52 ! ” “That’s great! ”shouted the shepherd’s daughter 53 . “You are my idea of an 54 husband!”
A pair of hardworking hands can 55 much wealth.
36. A. imagined B. attacked C. attracted D. managed
37. A. asked B. consulted C. advised D. warned
38. A. strong B. hardworking C. gentle D. wealthy
39. A. related B. opposite C. reasonable D. positive
40. A. announced B. noticed C. wrote D. described
41. A. gathered B. competed C. mixed D. spread
42. A. which B. what C. who D. whom
43. A. come up B. come forward C. come out D. come into
44. A. caught B. developed C. helped D. followed
45. A. arrange B. appoint C. choose D. find
46. A. cried B. smiled C. laughed D. whispered
47. A. reached B. appeared C. received D. reminded
48. A. offer B. lend C. meet D. surprise
49. A. feet B. arms C. mind D. hands
50. A. programmer B. businessman C. carpenter D. shepherd
51. A. Therefore B. Moreover C. However D. Then
52. A. happiness B. challenge C. adventure D. wealth
53. A. excitedly B. happily C. hardly D. seriously
54. A. proper B. true C. ideal D. hopeful
55. A. compare B. improve C. exist D. create
Many people believe that they just have bad memories, and that there’s little they can do to improve their memories, 56. is actually not true. There are many ways to improve memory when your 57. (able)to remember seems poor.
As far as exercising is concerned, aerobic exercises(有氧运动) like walking, biking, swimming, and dancing are probably the most helpful. These improve your memory by 58. (give)you more oxygen, and oxygen is 59. brain cells grow healthily upon.
There is another thing that you need to pay attention to: enough sleep. A recent study 60. (do)among students suggested that those who often stay up generally have 61 (low)grade point averages than those who get enough sleep before tests, where “enough” is defined as 62. least eight hours a night.
Though your brain is not a muscle, it 63. (usual)works like one. You must keep using it and testing it 64. (keep)your memory sharp. Give yourself tests and challenges, like memorizing short poems and bits of information. Reading is also 65. good way to stay mentally active, which is important for improving memory.
The streets of Stockholm may be cold and snowy during winter, but it is the Europe’s fastest growing city. Home to fewer than one million people, Sweden’s capital is the birthplace of some world-famous companies, like Skype and Mojang.
Once the snow melts in early spring, the city is among the greenest in the world. Lying on 14 islands, two thirds of Stockholm is made up of either water or parks. And locals enjoy these peaceful surroundings. Fewer than 1% of Swedish employees work more than 50 hours per week.
Here quality of life is the most important. New parents are given 480 days of leave to look after their children, which can be split between them, while childcare is heavily subsidised(补助). Little wonder that Stockholm is the best location in the world for family life.
More than a third of Swedes live in rented housing. October figures showed the average cost of renting a two-bedroom apartment in Stockholm was $783 per month. “Finding a place to live is the single biggest challenge when moving to Stockholm. . . but I am trying to solve the problem,” said Julika. “Don’t be afraid to ask your employer if they can help . . . and be sure to put the word out that you are looking to rent on networking sites like Facebook.”
One reason why living in the city centre is so popular is that it guarantees short journeys for many employees. For $95 a month, you can buy a travel pass fit for all zones on the city’s subway, trains and buses. Or you can do as many locals do, and travel around by bike.
“I feel so much luckier than friends in London or Beijing who face a three-hour-round-trip each day,” said 28-year-old Irina, who lives in the north of Stockholm and travels by subway just 15 minutes to get to the heart of the city. “You save a lot of time on travelling in Stockholm. That gives me more energy to participate in other activities.”