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2014年高考英语真题下载-湖南卷[Word版]

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2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)

英语

本试题卷分四个部分,共12页。时量120分钟。满分150分。

Part I Listening Comprehension (30 marks)

Section A (22.5 marks)

Directions: In this section,you will hear six conversations between two speakers. For each conversation, there are several questions and each question is followed by three choices marked A, B and C. Listen carefully and then choose the best answer for each question.

You will hear each conversation TWICE.

Example:

When will the magazine probably arrive?

A. Wednesday. B. Thursday. C. Friday.

The answer is B.

Conversation 1

1. What will the woman do first?

A. Take a shower. B. Go camping. C. Set up a time.

2. When will the man probably call the woman?

A. Thursday.  B. Friday. C. Sunday.

Conversation 2

3. What is the man going to do? 

A, Have a coffee break. B. See a doctor. C. Buy a pet.

4. What happened to the man?

A. He fell ill. B. He lost his dog. C. He slept badly.

Conversation 3

5. What is the woman?

A. A bus driver. B. A waitress. C. A tour guide.

6. What does the man want to get?

A. Some gifts. B. A menu.  C. A bus schedule.

Conversation 4

7. What did the man do yesterday?

A. He saw a movie. B. He watched TV.

C. He visited some friends.

英语试题第1页(共12页)

8. What time will the speakers probably meet this Saturday evening?

A. At 6:30. B. At 7:00. C. At 7:30.

9. Which of the following will the man buy?

A. Some drinks. B. A birthday cake. G. Concert tickets.

Conversation 5

10. What is the woman doing now?

A. She is serving a customer.

B. She is conducting an interview.

C. She is doing some recording.

11 .When does the man go to the nursing home?

A. Tuesdays. B. Thursdays. C. Sundays.

12. Where will the man probably be working next Monday?

A. At the airport nearby.

B. In the studio next door,

C. At the store downtown.

Conversation 6

13. Why does the woman call the man?

A. The oven doesn’t work.

B. The heater won’t start.

C. The plug is broken.

14. Who will handle the problem first tomorrow evening?

A. The woman. B. The man. C A worker.

15. Who is the woman speaking to?

A. Her husband. B. Her house owner. C. Her boss.

Section B (7.5 marks)

Directions: In this section, you will hear a short passage. Listen carefully and then Jill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Fill in each blank with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

You will hear the short passage TWICE.

          Voice Mail from Kelly Black 

 1. Call Mr. Brown to 16___ the appointment time.

2. E-mail the staff members about next week’s 17__ .

 3. Ask the repairman to fix the broken  18    in the office.

4. Give a list of all the employees to the __19____owner.

5. Take   20   on the desk to the post office.

英语试题第2页(共12页)

Part II Language Knowledge (45 marks)

Section A (15 marks)

Directions: For each of the following unfinished sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and IX Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

 

The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket the desert,

A. covering B. covered C. cover D. to cover

The answer is A.

21.Children,when by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium.

A. to be accompanied B. to accompany

C. accompanying D. accompanied

22. If Mr. Dewey¬ _____ present, he would have offered any possible assistance to 

the people there.

A. were B. had been G. should be D. was

23.____your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to

convey your affection and emotions.

A. Understanding B. To be understood

€. Being understood D. Having understood

24. As John Lennon once said,life is_____ happens to you while you are busy making other plans.

A. which B. that C. what D. where

25. — I’ve prepared all kinds of food for the picnic.

—Do you mean we_____ bring anything with us?

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. shan’t D. needn't

26; You will never gain success you are fully devoted to your work*

A. when B. because C. after D. unless

27. There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland, _____at the night sky.

A. to stare B. staring C. stared D, having stared

28. Since the time humankind started gardening, we _____to make our environment more beautiful.

A. try     B. have been trying

C. are trying D. will try

29. Only when you can find peace in your heart _____good relationships with others.

A. will you keep B. you will keep C. you kept D. did you keep

30. what you’re doing today important, because you’re trading a day of your life

for it

A. Make     B. To make   C. Making D. Made

31.1 am looking forward to the day my daughter can read this book and know my

feelings for her.

A. as B. why C. when    D. where

32. All we need a small piece of land where we can plant various kinds of fruit

trees throughout the growing seasons of the year.

A. are B. was C. is D. were

33. It’s not doing the things we like, but liking the things we have to do makes life  happy.

A. that   B. which C. what D. who

34. Whenever you , a present, you should think about it from the receiver’s point of view.

A. bought B. have bought    C. will buy D. buy

35. ourselves from the physical and mental tensions,we each need deep thought

and inner quietness.

A. Having freed B. Freed C. To free D. Freeing

Section B (18 marks)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context  

The summer before I went off to college, Mom stood me in her usual spot behind the ironing board (烫衣板)and said, “Pay attention: I’m going to teach you to iron.”

Mom clearly explained her  36   for this lesson. I was going to be  37  and needed to learn this vital skill. Also, I would be meeting new people, and properly ironed clothes would help me make a good  38 .

“Learn to iron a shirt,” com Mom said, “and you can iron anything.”

But ironing shirts was not   39  work. It didn’t make use of long muscles we used to throw a baseball,and it wasn’t a  40  operation like ice-skating. Ironing was like driving a car on a street that has a stop sign every 10 feet, Moreover,an iron produced steam and it carried an element of  41  .If you touched the wrong part of it, you’d get burnt. If you forgot to turn it off when you  42  ,you might bum down the house.

As for technique, Mom  43  me to begin with the flat spaces outward, always pushing the iron forward into wrinkled (有褶皱的)parts. Collars had to be done right. Mom said they were close to your face, where everyone would  44  them.

英语试题第4页(共12页)

Over the years, I’ve learned to iron shirts skillfully, which gives me a sense of  45 Whatever failures I suffer in my life, an ironed shirt tells me I am good at something.  46   ,through ironing I’ve learned the method for solving even the most troublesome problems. “  47  wrinkles one at a time,” as Mom might have said, “and before long everything will get ironed out.”

36. A. reasons B. rules C. emotions     D. methods

37.A. helpful B. confident C. powerful     D. independent

38. A. conclusion B. suggestion C. impression D. observation

39. A. useful B. easy C. special     D. suitable

40. A. direct B. single C. smooth     D. strange

41. A. doubt B. pressure C. surprise     D. danger

42. A. went away B. fell down C. jumped off     D. looked up

43. A. taught B. chose C. forced         D. sent

44. A. touch B. design C. see         D. admire

45. A. honesty B. freedom C. justice         D. pride

46. A. Instead B. Besides C. Otherwise   D. However

47. A. Make up B. Deal with C Ask for       D. Rely on

Section C (12 marks)

Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context

We can choose our friends, but usually we cannot choose our neighbors. However, to get a happy home life, we have to get along with  48  as well as possible.

An important quality in a neighbor is consideration for  49  . People should not do things  50  will disturb their neighbors unnecessarily. For example, television sets need not be played at full volume (音量) 51  loud pop music should not be played very late at night. By avoiding things likely to upset your neighbors, you can enjoy  52  friendly relationship with them.

An equally important quality is tolerance. Neighbors should do all they can to avoid disturbing other people, 53  there are times when some level of disturbance is unavoidable.  54  neighbors want to get along well with each other, they have to show their tolerance. In this way, everyone will live  55  peace.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (30 marks)

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C andD. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage.

A

Want to improve your writing skills? New Writing South is directing the way!

·Towner Writer Squad (班组)for kids aged 13-17

Led by comedy and TV writer, Marian Kilpatrick, Towner Writer Squad will meet once a month at the contemporary art museum for 11 months, starting 12 October, 2014.

The FREE squad sessions will include introductions to a wide range of writing styles, from poetry to play writing and lyrics (抒情诗)to flash fiction, to support the development of young writers.

Application & Selection

If you would like to apply to be part of the Towner Writer Squad, please send a sample piece of your writing (about 500 words), responding to the title‘LUNCH,’with your name, age, address and e-mail address to: debo@newwritingsouth.com.

Once all applications are in,  com you will be invited to an open selection event on 17 September,4-5pm, at the gallery of Towner. This will be an informal opportunity to meet the Squad Leader, Squad Associate and other young people.

You will also have a chance to get to know the fantastic gallery space and get a taste of what’s to come.

Deadline for applications: 8 September, 2014

For further information go to: facebook.com/towner or towner.org.uk or newwritingsouth.com

Any questions 一 feel free to send your e-mail to Towner Writer Squad Associate: whame@towner.gov.uk

﹡   ﹡   ﹡  ﹡   ﹡   ﹡    ﹡   ﹡   ﹡

·Beginner Writing Project for kids aged 10-13

Due to popular demand, a writing project will be started for eager beginners.

Start time: 6 September, 2014

Meet every other Saturday,2-4pm, at the Towner Study Centre.

Study and write at your own pace 一 you do not have to rush 一 as you have a year to go through the project. Practise under the guidance of some experienced writers and teachers who can help you with basic writing skills. Most importantly, build confidence and have fun while writing!

No previous experience or special background is required. Many others have been successful this way. If they can do it, why can’t you?

Fee: £179

For more information go to: newtowner.org.uk or generate.org.uk

 

56. Towner Writer Squad will be started _______.

A. to train comedy and TV writers

B. to explore the fantastic gallery space

C. to introduce a contemporary art museum

D. to promote the development of young writers

57. To join the Writer Squad,each applicant should first _______.

A. provide a piece of their writing

B. meet the Writer Squad Leader

C. offer their family information

D. complete an application form

58. Applications for the Writer Squad should be e-mailed no later than _______.

A. 6 September, 2014

B. 8 September, 2014

C. 17 September, 2014

D. 12 October, 2014

59. What is most important for the beginners?

A. Practising as much as possible.

B. Gaining confidence and having fun.

C. Studying and writing at their own pace.

D. Learning skills from writers and teachers.

60. More information about Beginner Writing Project can be found at _______.

A. facebook.com/towner

B. newwritingsouth.com

C. newtowner.org.uk

D. towner.org.uk

B

In the mid-1950s, I was a somewhat bored early-adolescent male student who believed that doing any more than necessary was wasted effort. One day, this approach threw me into embarrassment

In Mrs. Totten’s eighth-grade math class at Central Avenue School in Anderson, Indiana, we were learning to add and subtract decimals (小数).

Our teacher typically assigned daily homework, which would be recited in class the following day. On most days, our grades were based on our oral answer to homework questions.

Mrs. Totten usually walked up and down the rows of desks requesting answers from student after student in the order the questions had apeared on our homework sheets. She would start either at the  front or the back of the classroom and work toward the other end.

Since I was seated near the middle of about 35 students, it was easy to figure out which questions I might have to answer. This particular time, I had completed my usual two or three problems according to my calculations.

英语试题第7页(共12页)

What I failed to expect was that several students were absent, which threw off my estimate. As Mrs. Totten made her way from the beginning of the class,I desperately tried to determine which math problem I would get. I tried to work it out before she got to me, but I had brain freeze and couldn’t function.

When Mrs. Totten reached my desk,she asked what answer I’d got for problem No. 14. “I…I didn’t get anything,”  I answered,and my face felt warm. 

“Correct,” she said.

It turned out that the correct answer was zero.

What did I learn that day? First, always do all your homework. Second, in real life it isn’t always what you say but how you say it that matters. Third,I would never make it as a mathematician.

If I could choose one school day that taught me the most, it would be that one.

61. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 indicate?

A. It is wise to value one’s time.

B. It is important to make an effort

C. It is right to stick to one’s belief.

D. It is enough to do the necessary.

62. Usually, Mrs. Totten asked her students to _______.

A.  recite their homework together

B. grade their homework themselves

C. answer their homework questions orally

D. check the answers to their homework questions

63. The author could work out which questions to answer since the teacher always _______.

A. asked questions in a regular way

B. walked up and down when asking questions

C. chose two or three questions for the students

D. requested her students to finish their usual questions

64. The author failed to get the questions he had expected because _______.

A. the class didn’t begin as usual

B. several students didn’t come to school

C. he didn’t try hard to make his estimate

D. Mrs. Totten didn’t start from the back of the class

65,Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

A. An Unforgettable Teacher

B. A Future Mathematician

C. An Effective Approach

D. A Valuable Lesson

62. Usually, Mrs. A. recite their

C

   The behaviour of a building’s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use, according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). The UK promises to reduce its carbon emissions (排放)by 80 percent by 2050, part of which will be achieved by all new homes being zero-carbon by 2016. But this report shows that sustainable building design on its own — though extremely important- is not enough to achieve such reductions: the behaviour of the people using the building has to change too.

    The study suggests that the ways that people use and live in their homes have been largely ignored by existing efforts to improve energy efficiency (效率),which instead focus on architectural and technological developments.

‘Technology is going to assist but it is not going to do everything,’explains Katy Janda, a UKERC senior researcher,‘consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design. ’In other words,old habits die hard, even in the best-designed eco-home.

Another part of the problem is information. Households and bill-payers don’t have the knowledge they need to change their energy-use habits. Without specific information,it’s hard to estimate the costs and benefits of making different choices. Feedback (反馈) facilities, like smart meters and energy monitors,could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behaviour directly affects their energy use; some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters.

Social science research has added a further dimension (方面),suggesting that individuals’behaviour in the home can be personal and cannot be predicted 一 whether people throw open their windows rather than turn down the thermostat (恒温器) , for example.

Janda argues that education is the key. She calls for a focused programme to teach people about buildings and their own behaviour in them.

66. As to energy use, the new research from UKERC stresses the importance of________.

A. zero-carbon homes        B. the behaviour of building users

C. sustainable building design D. the reduction of carbon emissions

67. The underlined word “which” in Paragraph 2 refers to”________.”

A.  the ways B. their homes

C. developments        D. existing efforts

68. What are Katy Janda’s words mainly about?

A. The importance of changing building users, habits.

B. The necessity of making a careful building design.

C. The variety of consumption patterns of building users.

D. The role of technology in improving energy efficiency. 

69. The information gap in energy use _______. 

A. can be bridged by feedback facilities

B. affects the study on energy monitors

C.  brings about problems for smart meters

D. will be caused by building users’ old habits

70. What does the dimension added by social science research suggest?

A. The social science research is to be furthered.

B. The education programme is under discussion.

C. The behaviour of building users is unpredictable.

D. The behaviour preference of building users is similar.

Part IV  Writing (45 marks)

Section A (10 marks)

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage.

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

Many of us invest valuable time,energy and money planning our vacations. We do this because we know for sure that going on vacations must be good for us. Research proves this feeling without a doubt. Vacations help us perform better at work, improve our sleep quality and cushion us against depression.

Yet, despite these benefits, many of us return home with a feeling that our last vacation was OK - but not great. In order to change this, some mistakes should be avoided. A classic one for vacation planners is attempting to maximize value for money by planning trips that have too many components (组成部分)• Perhaps you’re planning a trip to Europe, seven cities in 10 days,and you realize it will cost only a little more to add two more destinations to the list Sounds fine in theory, but hopping from one place to the next hardly gives an opportunity to experience what psychologists call mindfulness - time to take in our new surroundings, time to be present and absorb our travel experiences. Another mistake is that we worry too much about strategic issues such as how to find a good flight deal,how to get from A to B,or which destinations to add or subtract from our journey. These issues may seem important, but our psychological state of mind is far more important.

Actually, vacation happiness is based on the following top rules. First, choose your travel companions wisely, because nothing contributes more significantly to a trip than the right companions. Second,don’t spend your vacation time in a place where everything is too expensive so as to maintain a positive mood. Third, shop wisely, for meaningful experiences provide more long-term happiness than physical possessions.

 

Section B (10 marks)

Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the

information given in the passage.

Kids and Ponds

Years ago there was a group of kids who would hang around at some local ponds in the woods near their houses in Warwick, Rhode Island. In summer they caught frogs and fish. When winter arrived they couldn’t wait to go skating. Time passed, and the ponds became the only open space for the kids to enjoy themselves in that neighborhood.

One day. a thirteen-year-old boy from this group of kids read in the local newspaper that a developer wanted to fill in the ponds and build over a hundred small houses called condominiums. So the boy went door to door and gathered more than two hundred signatures (签名)to stop the development A group of citizens met and decided to support him.

At the meeting of the town planning board (委员会),the boy was quite nervous at first and spoke very softly. But when he saw the faces of his friends and neighbors in the crowd and thought about what was happening to their favorite ponds,his voice grew louder. He told the town officials that they should speak for the citizens. He also insisted that they should leave enough space for children. A few days later,the developer stopped his plan.

Nine years later, when that teen was a senior in college, he was informed that the developer was back with his proposal to build condominiums. Now twenty-two years old, he was studying wetlands ecology. He again appeared before the town planning board. This time as an expert witness, he used environmental protection laws to explain restrictions on development in and around wetlands and the knowledge of wetlands ecology to help improve the development. Finally some condominiums were built, but less than half the number the developer wanted. The ponds where those kids used to hang around were protected by a strip of natural land,and are still there today.


81. What did the kids like to do at the local ponds in winter?

(No more than 6 words) (2 marks)


82. How did the boy win the citizens’ support?

(No more than 10 words) (2 marks)


83. What did the boy tell the town officials?

(No more than 16 words) (3 marks)


84.What helped the boy to protect the ponds successfully nine years later?

(No more than 12 words) (3 marks)

Section C (25 marks)

Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below.

学校正在组织科技创新大赛,你想为日常生活中某件物品(如钢笔、书包、鞋

子……)设计添加新功能来参赛。请以“My Magic ”为题写~篇英语短文,介

绍你的创意。

内容:

1.说明设计理由

2.介绍新功能。

注意;:

1.词数不少于120个t

2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。


参考答案

1-5 ABACC

6-10 AACCB

11-15 BCABB

16. change 17. meeting 18. light 19. gift shop 20. the package

21-25 DBACD

26-30 DBBAA

31-35 CCADC

36-40 ADCBC

41-47 DAACDBB

48. them 49. others 50. which/that 51. and 52. a 53. but 54. If/When 55. in

56-60 DABBC

61-65 DCABD

66-70 BDAAC

71. Vacations 72. performance 73. quality of sleep 74. attempt 75. worry 

76. good flight deal 77. adding 78. rules 79. choice 80. shopping wisely

81. They liked to go skating.

82. He went door to door and gathered their signatures.

83. He told them they should speak for the citizens and leave enough space for children.

84. Environmental protection laws and the knowledge of wetlands ecology helped him.


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