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2013年高考英语试题-广东卷[Word版]

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2013年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)

英语

本试卷共12页,三大题,满分135分.考试用时120分钟

注意事项:

1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色笔迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、考场号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用2B铅笔讲试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应的位置上。将条形码横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。

2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。

3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将试题与答题卡一并交回。


I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节   完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从1~15各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Number sense is  not  the  ability  to  count. It is the ability to recognize a    1    in  number. Human beings are born with this  ability.  2  ,experiments show that many animals  are, too.For example, many birds have good  number sense. If a nest has four eggs and you  remove one,the bird will not   3  .However,if you remove two, the bird  4  leaves. This means that the bird knows the  5   between two and three.

    Another interesting experiment showed a bird's  6  number sense. A man was trying to take  a photo of a crow(乌鸦)that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not  7  until the man left the tower. The man had an  8  .He took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not  9   the bird.The crow stayed away until the second man left, too. The experiment was   10  with three men and then with four men. But the crow did not return to the nest until all the men were  11 .It was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were  12  able to fool the crow.

    How good is a human's number sense? It's not very good. For example, babies about fourteen months old almost always notice if something is taken away from a   13   group.But when the number goes beyond three or four, the children are  14   fooled.

It seems that number sense is something we have in common with many animals in this world,and that our human  15  is not much better than a crow's.

1.A. rise B. pattern C. change D. trend

2.A. Importantly  B.Surprisingly C. Disappointedly D. Fortunately

3. A.survive B.care C. hatch D. notice

4. A.gennerally B.sincerely C.casually D.deliberately

5.A.distance B.range C.different D.interval

6.A.amazing B.annoying C.satisfying D.disturbing

7. A. relax B.recovere C.react D. return

8. A. appointment B.excuse C. idea D. explanation

9. A. fool B. hurt C. catch D. kill

10.A. repo B. repeated C. designed D. approved

11.A. confused B. gone C. tired D. drunk

12.A. gradually B. luckily C. strangely D. finally

13. A. single B. small C. local D. new

14. A. seldom B. temporarily C.inerely D. often

15. A. sight B. nature C. ability D. belief


第二节   语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或者括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16~25的相应位置上。

One day,Nick invited his friends to supper.He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen .Suddenly,he 16 (find)that he had run out of salt.So Nick called to his son,”Go to the cillage and buy some salt,but pay a fair price for it:neither too much 17 too little.”

His son looked surprised.”Ican understand why Ishouldn’t pay too much,Father,but if I can pay less, 18 not sace a bit of money?”

“That would be a very19(reason)thing to do in a big city,but it could destroy a small village like outs,”Nick said.

Nick’s guests, 20 had heard their conversation,asked why they shoule not buy sale more cheaply if they coule.Nick replied,”The only reason a man would sell sale 21 a lower price woule be because he wai desperate for money.And anyone who took adcantage of that situation woule be showing a lack of respect 22 the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.”

“But such a small thing couldn’t 23 (possible) destroy a village.”

“In the beginning, there was only 24  very small amount of unfairness in the world,but everyone added a little ,always 25 (think) that it was only samall and not very important ,and look where we hace ended up today.”



Ⅱ 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Imagination  and  fantasy  can  play  an important role in achiebving the things we fear.Children know this very well. Fred Epstein ,in his book If I Make It to Five,tells a story he heard from one of friends about Tom,a four-year-old boy with a cancer in his back bone.He came through several operations and a lot of pain by mastering his imagination.

Tom loved to pretend,and he particularly loved to play superheroes ,Dr Epstein expained that it was actually a brilliant way for his yound mind to handle the terrifying and painful life he led.

The day before his thire trip to the operating room,Tom was terrbly afraid.”Maybe I could go as Superman ,”he whispered to his mom.Hearing this, the moter hesitated for a while.She had avoided buying the expensive costume(戏装),不痛finally she agreed.

The next day Tom appeared as the powerful Superman,showing off through the hospital halls and coolly waving his hand to the people greeting him along the way.And Tom,with the strength of his fantasy,successfully made it through the operation.

The power of imagination need not be reserved for children only.we all hace the power to use our fantasies to attempt things we never thought  possible,to go through those things that seem impossible,and to achieve what we never believed we could,Just as Dr.Epstein puts it ,”If you can dream it,you can do it”

It doesn‘t mean that you should dress as a superhero for you next job interview.But,next time you are texted in a way that seems impossible, imagine what it woule take to overcome it .Become the person you need to become to win over your challenge and do it in your maind first.So,let your imagination run wild,and dare to dream.

26.What do we know about Tom?

A..He was seriously ill

B.He was a dishonest boy.

C.He was crazy about magic

D.He was Dr.Epstein’s patient

27.What can be  inferred about Tom’s mother?

A..She was a rich lady

B.She refused Tom’s request

C.She wanted Tom to be a superhero

D.She wanted to get Tom through the pain


28.When Tom went for the third operation,he         .

A.pretended to be painful

B.acted lide a superhero

C.appeared in poor spirits

D.argued with his mother


29.In the last paragraph,you are advised         .

A.to go through some difficult tests

B.to wake up from your wild dreams

C.to become a powerful person in your mind

D.to wear expensive clothes for job interviews


30.What is the purpose of the passage?

A.To tell us an interesting story.

B.To help us make right decisions.

C.To advise us to care about children.

D.To encourage us to use our imagination.


B

Some people think that success is only for those with talent or those who grow up in the right family,and others believe that success mostly comes down to luck.I’m not going to say luck,talent,and circumstances don’t come into play because they do .some people are born into the right family while others are born with great intelligence,and that’sjust the reality of how life is .

However,to succeed in life,one first needs to set a goal and then gradually make it more practical.And,in addition to that,in order to ger really good at something,one needs to spend at least 10,000 hours studying and practicing.To become great at certain things,it’ll require even more time,time that most people won’t put in.

This is a big reason why many successful people advise you to do something you love. If you don’t enjoy what you do ,it is going fo feel like unbearable pain and will likely make you quit well before you ever become good ai it.

When you see people exhibiting some great skills or having achieved great success,you know that they have put in a huge part of their life to get there at a huge cost.It’s sometimes easy to think they got lucky or they were born with some rare talent,but thinking that way does you no good,and there’s a huge chance that you’re wrong anyway.

Whatever you do,if you want to become great at it, you need to work day in and day out,almost to the point of addiction,and over a long period of time.If you’re not willing to put in the time and work,don’t expect to receive any rewards.Consistent, hard work won’t guarantee you the level of success you may want, but it will guarantee that you will become really good at whatever it is you put all that work into.

31. Paragraph 1 mainly talks about ________.

A.the reasons for success

B.the meaning of success

C.the standards of success

D.the importance of success


32. In Paragraph 2,the underlined word that refers to ______.

A.being good at something

B.setting a practical goal

C.putting in more time

D.succeeding in life


33.Successful people suggest doing what one loves because ______.

A.work makes one feel pain

B.one tends to enjoy his work

C.one gives up his work easily

D.it takes a lot of time to succeed

34.What can we infer from Paragraph  4?

A.Successful people like to show their great skills.

B.People sometimes succeed without luck or talent.

C.People need to achieve success at the cost of life.

D.It helps to think that luck or talent leads to success.

35.What is the main theme of the passage?

A.Having a goal is vital to success.

B.Being good is different from being great.

C.One cannot succeed without time and practice.

D.Luck,talent and family help to achieve success.

C

One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England,an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me.  "This boy has lost his family," he wrote.  "He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, and I'm very worried about him. Can you help?”

I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn’t have the answer to, and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically

The first two times we met, David didn't say a word. He sat there, only looking up to look at the children's drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon一in complete silence and without looking at me. It's not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice.

Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed. took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me?

"Perhaps he simply needs someone to share his pain with," I thought. "Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.”Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly.

"Ifs your turn," he said.

After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times. about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really started to live his own life.

Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one一without any words一can reach out to another person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens.

36. When he first met the author, David         .

    A. felt a little excited

    B. walked energetically

    C. looked a little nervous

D. showed up with his teacher

37. As a psychologist, the author         .

A. was ready to listen to David

B. was skeptical about psychology

C. was able to describe David's problem

D. was sure of handling David's problem

38.David  enjoyed  being  with  the  author  because  he________.

A.wanted  to ask  the  author  for  advice

B.need  to  share  sorrow  with  the  author 

C.liked  the  children’s  drawings  in  the  office

D.bear  the  author  many  times  in  the  chess  game

39.What  can  be  inferred  about  David?

A.He  recovered  after  months  of  treatment.

B.He  liked  biking  before  he  lost  his  family.

C.He  went  into  university  soon  after  starting  to  talk.

D.He  got  friends  in  school  before  he  met  the  author. 

40.What  made  David  change?

A.His  teacher’s  help.

B.The  author’s  friendship.

C.His  exchange  of  letters  with  the  author.

D.The   author’s  silent  communication  with  him.


D

While  Jennifer  was at hose  taking  an  online  exam  for  her  business  law  class, a  monitor(监控器)a  few  hundred  miles  away  was  watching  her  every  move.

Using  a  web  camera  equipped  in  Jennifer’s  Los  Angeles  apartment , the  monitor  in  Phoenix  tracked  how  frequently  her  eyes  moved  form  the  computer  screen  and  listened  for  the  secret  sounds  of  a  possible  helper  in  the  room. Her  Internet  access  was  locked — remotely — to  prevent  Internet  searches , and  her  typing  style  was  analyzed  to  make  sure  she  was  who she said  she  was: Did  she  enter  her  student  number  at  the  same  speed  as  she  had  in  the  past? Or  was  she  slowing  down?

In  the  battle  against  cheating  , this  is  the  cutting  edge  and  a  key  to  encourage  honesty  in  the  booming  field  of  online  education. The  technology  gives  trust  to  the  entire  system, to  the  institution  and  to  online  education  in  general.  Only  with  solid  measures  against  cheating, experts  say, can  Internet  universities  show  that  their  exams  and  diplomas  are  valid — that  students  haven’t  just  searched  the  Internet  to  get  the  right  answers.

   Although online classes have existed for more than a decade ,the concern over cheating  has become sharper in the last year with the growth of "open online courses." Private colleges,public universities and corporations are jumping into the online education field . spending millions of dollars to attract potential students,while also taking steps to help guarantee  honesty at a distance.

Aside from the web camers, a number of other hight-tich methods are becoming increasingly  popular Among them are programs that check students’ identities using personal information,such as the telephone number they once used.

     Other programs can produce unique exam by drawing on a arge list of questions and can recognize possible cheaters by analyzing whether difficult test question are answered at the same speed as easy ones ,As in many university classes ,term papers are scanned aganinest some large Internet data banks for cheating.

41.    Why was Jennifer watched in anonine exam ?

A.To correct her typing mistakes.

B.To find her secrets in the room.

Cto prevent her form slowing down.

D.To keep her from dishonest behaciors.

42. The underlined expression cutting edge in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.

A.advanced teachique

B.sharpening tool 

C.effective rule

D.dividing line 

43.For internet universities, exams and diplomas will be valid if _____.

A.they can attract potential students

B.they can defeat academic cheating

C.they offer students online help

D.they offer many online courses

44.Some programs can find out possible cheaters by _____.

A.checking the question answering speed 

B.produucing a large number of question 

C.scanning the Internet test question 

D.giving difficult test question

45.Which of the following is the best title of this passage?

A.The Advantages of  Online Exams

B.The High-tech Methods in Online Courses

C.The Fight against Cheating in Online Education

D.The War against the Booming of Online Education

第二节  信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息,请在答题卡上将对应题号的乡音选项字母涂黑。

首先请阅读下列杂志上的广告内容:

A

 

B

 

C


 

D

 

E

 

F

 


46.以下是读者为了获取相关广告详细信息的电子邮件,请匹配内容与邮件。

 

 

 

49.










50.  




Ⅲ 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 基础写作(共1小题;满分15分)

你接受了一项写作任务,要为英语校报写一篇时事快讯。

 

请根据以下信息,写一篇关于移民火星的快讯

 


只能用5个句子表达全部内容

句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。

第二节  读写任务(共1小题;满分25分)

  阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文

   To many people even the word “work” sounds unpleasant ,not necessarily because they are lazy.The same man,who dislikes his job in the factory or even in the office ,may work hard at the weekend ,painting the house or digging the garden.

   What is the reason ,then ?In most cases ,it is because these people simply do not enjoy the

Job they are doing .It does not give them any real satisfaction .It may be quite easy ,like making up wooden boxes ,but it is very boring.Very often they are doing a job which is just a small part of 

a much larger one ,such as attaching a door handle to a car .But the part they play in actually making the car is so small that they can never say :I have made something !

   Yet in modern society somebody has to do ordinary jobs such as cleaning streets because this 

Is the way society is organized ,No matter how ordinary a job is, it plays a part in society and therefore deserves our due respect. Society cannot function a single day without the “dull and boring” jobs.


1. 以约30个词概括上文的主要内容。

2. 以约120个词谈谈你对平凡工作的想法,内容包括:

(1) 描述清洁工工作的艰辛;

(2) 假如没有清洁工,环境会变得如何?

(3) 你对平凡工作者的看法。


1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。


     概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。


2013年广东省高考英语试题答案

第一节:完型填空 

1-5C B D A C    6-10A DCAB   11-15 BDBDC

第二节:语法填空 

16. found    17. nor    18. why      19.reasonable   20. who 

21. at       22. for     23. possibly   24. a          25. thinking 

第三部分:阅读理解

26—30 A D B C D   31—35 A B B B C   36—40 CABAD

41—45 D A BAC     46—50 BECFD

第四部分:写作

第一节:基础写作:

参考范文

   It is reported that thirty volunteers to be sent to the Mars who are at least 18 years old will be chosen from all the globe by the year of 2015. The volunteers must make a full preparation that there is almost no chance to return to the earth once they are immigrated to the Mars. What’s more, it is greatly important for them to try to keep a good relationship with other members. Experts strongly warned that the living conditions on the Mars are very hard, for not only the extremely cold climate would they meet with, but also loneliness and fear. On the contrary , the volunteers insist that they have got tired of the life on the earth, so greatly being eager to experience the unknown , mysterious life on the Mars; meanwhile, if the would be succeeded , they would get the honor to be heroes of human beings.

第二节:读写任务

   In the passage, the author mainly stressed the importance of small and ordinary work , such as cleaning the street because of their essentiality(重要性;本质;真髓;根本性)for the organization of the society ,and thinks those doing such jobs should be respected greatly.

   There is no doubt that what a cleaner does is more harder compared with any other jobs in the society. On one hand, they must get up in the early morning every day to clean the street while we are sill in the sweet sleeping dreams. On the other hand, they also suffer from less respect and lower pay, working all day on the street no matter it is sun shines strongly or snow, wind heavily.

   Nobody could imagine what an bad environment we would live in if there were no cleaners in the city. Wherever we go, there is rubbish. Maybe we would soon be drowned in the mountain of rubbish. Even worse, if there were no change about that, diseases would spread at a very quick speed. Is there anything that can be worse than this!

   From the above, I can draw the conclusion safely that even the smallest and the most ordinary job, such as cleaning the street is also the necessary part to keep the society going smoothly. Consequently, those who do those most insignificant(微不足道的) jobs should get respected as much as those being engineers or doctors.


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