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2010年高考英语真题下载-浙江卷[word版]

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选择题部分(共80分)

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节:单项填空(共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)

    从A、B、c和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

1. -- How about camping this weekend, just for a change?

   -- OK,  __ you want.

   A. whichever          B. however            C. whatever            D. whoever

2. Many lifestyle patterns do such __ great harm to health that they actually speed up __weakening of the

   human body.

   A. a; /               B. /; the               C. a; the               D. /; /

3. The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of __ left their village homes for a better life in the city.

   A. whom            B. which              C. them               D. those

4. The majority of people in the town strongly __ the plan to build a playground for children.

   A. consider          B. support             C. confirm            D. submit

5. ff you plant watermelon seeds in the spring, you __ fresh watermelon in the fall.

   A. eat             B. would eat           C. have eaten          D. will be eating

6. I have been convinced that the print media are usually more __ and more reliable than television.

   A. accurate        B. ridiculous           C. urgent             D. shallow

7. I guess we've already talked about this before but I'll ask you again just __ .

   A. by nature       B. in return            C. in case             D. by chance

8. The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if  __  regularly, can improve our health.

  A. being carried out      B. carrying out       C. carried out         D. to carry out

9. It is uncertain __ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand pat ients have taken it.

  A. that                B. what             C. how              D. whether

10. Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy __ .   

     A. would have been saved                          B. had been saved

     C. will be saved                                  D. was saved

11. Do you think shopping online will __ take the place of shopping in stores?

  A. especially           B. frequently             C. merely            D. finally

12. After that, he knew he could __ any emergency by doing what he could to the best of his ability.

  A. get away with        B. get on with          C. get through         D. get across

13. -- Would she mind playing against her former teammates?

     --  __ She is willing to play against any tough players.

  A. I think so.        B. I'm not surprised.      C. Of course.        D. Not likely!

14.  __ that's important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction.

  A. One            B. All             C. Everything          D. Anything

15. For many years, people __ electric ears. However, making them has been more difficult than predicted.

  A. had dreamed of      B. have dreamed of       C. dreamed of         D. dream of

16. The school advisers help you talk through your problems but they don't give you any direct __ .

     A. solution             B. target                 C. measure         D. function

17. "You __ have a wrong number," she said. "There's no one of that name here. "

     A. need                B. can                   C. must          D. would

18. -- According to my grandma, it is a good idea to eat chicken soup when you have a cold.

     --  __ , scientists agree with her.

     A. Sooner or later       B.  Once in a while    C. To be exact      D. Believe it or not

19. Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a lot of fun. Isn't it rather risky, __9

     A. though             B. also                 C. either                D. too

20. The traffic rule says young children under the age of four and __ less than 40 pounds must be in a child

     safety seat.

     A. being weighed       B. to weigh              C. weighed    D. weighing


第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21—40各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选

项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

     I will never forget the year I was about twelve years old. My mother told us that we would not be   21   Christmas gifts because there was not enough money. I felt sad and thought, "What would I say when the other kids asked what I'd   22   ?" Just when I started to   23  that there would not be a Christmas that year, three women  24   at our house with gifts for all of us. For me they brought a doll. I felt such a sense of  25   that I would no longer have to be embarrassed when I returned to school. I wasn't   26  . Somebody had thought   27   of me to bring me a gift.

     Years later, when I stood in the kitchen of my new house, thinking how I wanted to make my   28   Christmas there special and memorable, I   29   remembered the women's visit. I decided that I wanted to create that same feeling of   30   for as many children as I could possibly reach.

     So I   31   a plan and gathered forty people from my company to help. We gathered about 125 orphans (孤儿) at the Christmas party. For every child, we wrapped colorful packages filled with toys, clothes, and school supplies,   32   with a child's name. We wanted all of them to know they were.  33  . Before I called out their names and handed them their gifts, I   34   them that they couldn't open their presents   35   every child had come forward. Finally the   36   they had been waiting for came as I called out, "One, two, three. Open your presents!" As the children opened their packages, their faces beamed and their bright smiles   37   up the room. The   38   in the room was obvious, and   39   wasn't just about toys. It was a feeling — the feeling I knew   40   that Christmas so long ago when the women came to visit. I wasn't forgotten. Somebody thought of me. I matter.

21. A. sending          B. receiving          C. making            D. exchanging

22. A. found           B. prepared           C. got               D. expected

23. A. doubt           B. hope              C. suggest            D. accept

24. A. broke in         B. settled down        C. turned up          D. showed off

25. A. relief           B. loss               C. achievement        D. justice

26. A. blamed         B. loved              C. forgotten           D. affected

27. A. highly          B. little               C. poorly             D. enough

28. A. present         B. first                C.. recent            D. previous

29. A. hardly          B. instantly            C. regularly          D. occasionally

30. A. strength        B. independence         C. importance        D. safety

31. A. kept up with     B. caught up with       C. came up with       D. put up with

32. A. none           B. few                 C. some              D. each

33. A. fine            B. special              C. helpful            D. normal

34. A. reminded       B. guaranteed           C. convinced          D. promised

35. A. after           B. until                C. when              D. since

36. A. chance         B.  gift                 C. moment            D. reward

37. A. lit             B. took                C. burned             D. cheered

38. A. atmosphere      B. sympathy           C. calmness           D. joy

39. A. it              B. such               C. something          D. everybody

40. A. by             B. till                 C. for                D. from


第二部分:阅读理解(第一节20小题。第二节5小题;每小题2分,满分50分)

第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该

选项标号涂黑。

A

     When you are little, the whole world feels like a big playground. I was living in Conyers, Georgia the summer it all happened. I  was a second grader, but my best friend Stephanie was only in the first grade. Both of our parents were at work and most of the time they let us go our own way.

     It was a hot afternoon and we decided to have an adventure in Stephanie's basement. As I opened the basement door, before us lay the biggest room, full of amazing things like guns, dolls, and old clothes. I ran downstairs, and spotted a red steel can. It was paint. I looked beyond it and there lay even more paint in bright colors like purple, orange, blue and green.

     "Stephanie, I just found us a project for the day. Get some paintbrushes. We are fixing to paint. " She screamed with excitement as I told her of my secret plans and immediately we got to work. We gathered all the brushes we could find and moved all of our materials to my yard. There on the road in front of my house, we painted big stripes ( 条纹) of colors across the pavement (人行道). Stripe by stripe, our colors turned into a beautiful rainbow. It was fantastic!

     The sun was starting to sink. I saw a car in the distance and jumped up as I recognized the car. It was my mother. I couldn't wait to show her my masterpiece. The car pulled slowly into the driveway and from the look on my mother's face, I could tell that I was in deep trouble.

     My mother shut the ear door and walked towards me. Her eyes glaring, she shouted, "What in the world were you thinking? I understood when you made castles out of leaves, and climbed the neighbors' trees, but this! Come inside right now !" I stood there glaring back at her for a minute, angry because she had insulted (侮辱) my art.

     "Now go clean it up!" Mother and I began cleaning the road. Tears ran down my cheeks as I saw my beautiful rainbow turn into black cement.

     Though years have now passed, I still wonder where my rainbow has gone. I wonder if, maybe when I get older, I can find my rainbow and never have to brush it away. I guess we all need some sort of rainbow to brighten our lives from time to time and to keep our hopes and dreams colorful.

41. What did the writer want to do when his mother came home?

   A. To introduce Stephanie to her.               B. To prevent her from seeing his painting.

   C. To put the materials back in the yard.         D. To show his artwork to her.

42. In his mother's eyes, the writer __ .

   A. was a born artist                          B. always caused trouble

   C. was a problem solver                      D. worked very hard

43. The underlined word "rainbow" in the last paragraph refers to __ .

   A. the rainbow in the sky                     B. the stripes on the pavement

   C. something imaginative and fun              D. important lessons learned in childhood

44. It can be learned from the passage that parents should       .

A. encourage children to paint           

B. value friendship among children

C. discover the hidden talent in children  

D. protect rather than destroy children's dreams


B

Below is a housing guide for students going to London.

45. What is the advantage of using Loot?

A. It has more offers from accommodation agencies than Renting.     

B. It gives you personal information about other co-renters.

C. Their website is designed mainly for students.     

D. There are some good bargains.

46. A good agent can help you      .

A. know more people                          

B. find cheap accommodation

C. get the right accommodation quickly

D. get free information about mos t accommodations

47.  The information passed on by word of mouth is important because      .

A. it is better than that found through any other source

B. it helps you find some of the best housing never advertised     

C. the final year students always offer better information

D. the landlords have little valuable information

48. For students going to London for the first time, which of the following provides the most reliable information?

A. University accommodation offices.               

B. Loot and Renting.     

C. Noticeboards.                                  

D. Family.

C

The term “multitasking” originally referred to a computer's ability to carry out several tasks at one time. For many people, multitasking has become a way of life and even a key to success. In fact, some excellent mental aerobic exercises (大脑训练) involve engaging the brain in two or more challenging activities at a time. Although checking e-mail while talking on a phone and reading the newspaper may be second nature for some people, many times multitasking can make us less productive, rather than more. And studies show that too much multitasking can lead to increased stress, anxiety and memory loss.

In order to multitask, the brain uses an area known as the prefrontal cortex (前额叶脑皮层). Brain scans of volunteers performing multiple tasks together show that as they shift from task to task, this front part of the brain actually takes a moment of rest between tasks. You may have experienced a prefrontal cortex “moment of rest” yourself if you've ever dialed (拨电话) a phone number and suddenly forgotten who you called when the line is answered. What probably occurred is that between the dialing and the answering, your mind shifted to another thought or task, and then took that “moment” to come back. Research has also shown that for many volunteers, job efficiency (效率) declines while multitasking, as compared to when they perform only one task at a time.

Multitasking is easiest when at least one of the tasks is habitual, or requires little thought. Most people don' t find it difficult to eat and read the newspaper at the same time. However, when two or more attention-requiring tasks are attempted at one time, people sometimes make mistakes.

We often don't remember things as well when we're trying to manage several details at the same time. Without mental focus, we may not pay enough attention to new information coming in, so it never makes it into our memory stores. That is one of the main reasons we forget people's names—even sometimes right after they have introduced themselves. Multitasking can also affect our relationships. If someone checks their e-mail while on the phone with a friend, they may come off as absent-minded or disinterested. It can also cause that person to miss or overlook key information being passed on to them.

49. Why are some mental aerobic exercises designed to engage people in multitasking?

A. To make them more productive.                 

B. To reduce their stress and anxiety.

C. To develop their communication Skills.          

D. To help them perform daily tasks more easily.

50. According to Paragraph 2, why  may a person suddenly forget who he has called?

A. He may have his prefrontal cortex temporarily damaged.     

B. He is probably interrupted by another task.

C. He is probably not very familiar with the person he has called.     

D. He may need a rest between dialing and speaking.

51. People tend to make mistakes when       .

A. they perform several challenging tasks at a time  

B. new messages are processed one after another     

C. their relationships with others are affected        

D. the tasks require little thought

52. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Multitasking has become a way of life.

B. Multitasking often leads to efficiency decline.

C. Multitasking exercises need to be improved.

D. Multitasking enables people to remember things better.

D

My family and I lived across the street from Southway Park since I was four years old. Then just last year the city put a chain link fence around the park and started bulldozing (用推土机推平) the trees and grass to make way for a new apartment complex. When I saw the fence and bulldozers, I as ked myself, “Why don't they just leave it alone?”        

Looking back, I think what sentenced the park to oblivion (被遗忘) was the drought (旱灾) we had about four years ago. Up until then, Southway Park was a nice green park with plenty of trees and a public swimming pool. My friends and I rollerskated on the sidewalks, climbed the trees, and swam in the pool all the years I was growing up. The park was almost like my own yard. Then the summer I was fifteen the drought came and things changed.

There had been almost no rain at all that year. The city stopped watering the park grass. Within a few weeks I found myself living across the street from a huge brown desert. Leaves fell off the park trees , and pretty soon the trees started dying, too. Next, the park swimming pool was closed. The city cut down on the work force that kept the park, and pretty soon it just got too ugly and dirty to enjoy anymore.

As the drought lasted into the fall, the park got worse every month. The rubbish piled up or blew across the brown grass. Soon the only people in the park were beggars and other people down on their luck. People said drugs were being sold or traded there now. The park had gotten scary, and my mother told us kids not to go there anymore.       

The drought finally ended and things seemed to get back to normal, that is, everything but the park. It had gotten into such bad shape that the city just let it stay that way. Then about six months ago I heard that the city was going to “redevelop” certain worn-out areas of the city. It turned out that the city had planned to get rid of the park, sell the land and let someone build rows of apartment buildings on it.

The chain-link fencing and the bulldozers did their work.  Now we live across the street from six rows of apartment buildings. Each of them is three units high and stretches a block in each direction. The neighborhood has changed without the park. The streets I used to play in are jammed with cars now. Things will never be the same again. Sometimes I wonder, though, what changes another drought would make in the way things are today. 

53. How did the writer feel when he saw the fence and bulldozers.'?

A.Scared.             B. Confused.       C. Upset.    D. Curious.

54. Why was the writer told not to go to the park by his mother?

A.It was being rebuilt.                         B. It was dangerous.

C. It became crowded.                            D. It had turned into a desert.

55. According to the writer, what eventually brought about the disappearance of the park?

A. The drought.                                   B. The crime.

C. The beggars and the rubbish.                   D. The decisions of the city.

56. The last sentence of the passage implies that if another drought came,         .

A. the situation would be much worse

 B. people would have to desert their homes

C. the city would be fully prepared in advance

D. the city would have to redevelop the neighborhood

E

I needed to buy a digital camera, one that was simply good at taking good snaps (快照), maybe occasionally for magazines. Being the cautious type, I fancied a reliable brand. So I went on the net, spent 15 minutes reading product reviews on good websites, wrote down the names of three top recommendations and headed for my nearest big friendly camera store. There in the cupboard was one of the cameras on my list. And it was on special offer. Oh joy. I pointed at it and asked an assistant, “Can I have one of those?” He looked perturbed (不安).“Do you want to try it first?" he said. It didn't quite sound like a question. "Do I need to?" I replied. "There's nothing wrong with it?" This made him look a bit insulted and I started to feel bad. "No, no. But you should try it," he said encouragingly." Compare it with the others. "

     I looked across at the others: shelves of similar cameras placed along the wall, offering a wide range of slightly different prices and discounts, with each company selling a range of models based around the same basic box. With so many models to choose from, it seemed that I would have to spend hours weighing X against Y, always trying to take Z and possibly H into account at the same time. But when I had finished, I would still have only the same two certainties that I had entered the store with: first, soon after I carried my new camera out of the shop, it would be worth half what I paid for it; and second, my wonderful camera would very quickly be replaced by a new model.

     But something in the human soul whispers that you can beat these traps by making the right choice, the clever choice, the wise choice. In the end, I agreed to try the model I had chosen. The assistant seemed a sincere man. So I let him take out my chosen  camera from the cupboard, show how it took excellent pictures of my fellow shoppers... and when he started to introduce the special features, I interrupted to ask whether I needed to buy a carry-case and a memory card as well.

      Why do we think that new options (选择) still offer us anything new? Perhaps it is because they offer an opportunity to avoid facing the fact that our real choices in this culture are far more limited than we would like to imagine.

57. The shop assistant insisted that the writer should __ .

     A. try the camera to see if there was anything wrong with it

     B. compare the camera he had chosen with the others

     C. get more information about different companies

     D. trust him and stop asking questions

58. What does the writer mean by "it would be worth half what I paid for it"  (Paragraph 2) ?

     A. He should get a 50% discount.

     B. The price of the camera was unreasonably high.

     C. The quality of the camera was not good.

     D. The camera would soon fall in value.

59. The writer decided to try the model he had chosen because he __ .

     A. knew very little about it

     B. didn't trust the shop assistant

     C. wanted to make sure the one he chose would be the best

     D. had a special interest in taking pictures of his fellow shoppers

60. It can be inferred from the passage that in the writer's opinion, __

     A. people waste too much money on cameras

     B. cameras have become an important part of our daily life

     C. we don't actually need so many choices when buying a product

     D. famous companies care more about profit than quality


第二节:Peter,Helen,Catherine,Elizabeth和Levin想根据各自在环保方面的兴趣(61—65)进行案例研究。阅读下面某杂志的专题报道摘要(A、B、C、D、E和F),选出适合他们研究的最佳案例,并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。

61. Peter: Reducing plastic and other wastes through DTY

62. Helen : Making use of the heavy traffic to produce electricity

63. Catherine: Building a community without private cars

64. Elizabeth: Building houses with recycled materials and energy-efficiency systems

65. Levin : Developing a new type of urban car which bums less gas

    

AB

Vauban

   We know cars are terrible polluters, but would you give yours up? Vauban, a community in southwestem Germany, did just that, and its 5,000 citizens are doing fine. Most streets are free of vehicles, and there are generous green spaces and good public-transport links, including fast buses and bicycle paths.  When,, people must drive, they can turn to car-sharing clubs.  All the citizens had the chance to plan their own city," says Andreas Delleke, an energy expert, "and it's just how we wanted it to be. "

Denmark

   During the period of gas shortage in the early, 70s, Denmark decided to become self-sufficient ( 自足). So they began a few projects making smart investments along the way.

   On the island of Samsoe, local families, fishermen and farmers bought wind turbines (涡轮机],) to produce their own energy. Within seven years these turbines were completely paid for. And can you believe just one of wind turbines  produces  enough  electricity  for 600 households?

CD

Trey Parker and Matt Stone

  Trey Parker and Matt Stone, creators of South Park, have built a sustainable (可持续的) castle with outer siding and inner flooring of recycled wood, recycled carpeting, high-efficiency boiler systems.

  "I think more and more today, people are willing to make a statement about the Earth and how they want to proteet it," Michael R ath, home designer and builder says. "For high-end homes in this valley, this is entirely consistent with what they cost. "P-NUT

  Who doesn't love the name P-NUT- short for Personal-Neo  Urban  Transport?  It's  Honda's  latest attempt to create a tiny footprint for a new urban vehicle.

  This little P-NUT is unique. With a central driving position, the car is designed to move in tight settings. The l 1-foot micro car will seat three with two rear-seat passengers behind the driver.

  "The P-NUT conce, pt explores the packaging and design potential for a vehicle designed for the city lifestyle,"  said  Dave  Marek,   a  Honda  design Spokesman.

EF

Israel Company

  Is it possible that annoying rash hour traffic could become a source of renewable energy?

  Israel's Technion Institute of Technology claims that if we placed special generators ( 发电机 ) under roads, railways, and runways -- we could harvest enough energy to mass-produce electricity. A trial process has been used on a smaller scale,  in dance clubs for instance, where the pounding feet of dancers light up the floor.

  "We can produce electricity anywhere there is a busy road using energy that normally goes to waste," said Uri Amit,  chairman  of  Israel's  Technion . Institute  Of Technology.Coffee

  Coffee. Some of us can't start our day without it, and we don't mind waiting 10 minutes in line for it.

  Here is the most effective tip to make you a superstar in environment protection.

  Get a coffee machine for your home or office, or persuade your company into buying one.  ( Tell them it will improve productivity. ) Skip the coffee line on the way to work and make something that is better-tasting and much better for your wallet.

  Plus, you Won't need those plastic cups or carrying cases that jnst get thrown away.  Better yet, use your favorite travel mug.

                                       

非选择题部分(共40分)

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分l0分)

  下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写上该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改l0处,多者(从第ll处起)不计分。

例如:

     It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily

                                                    the

I was completely free then, so I'll t0 say "yes". I'll arrive in Bristol at around 8 p. m.  am

in Friday evening. 

on

     After shopping, Mother and I went to a restaurant for lunch". I notice Mother looking at a nearby table occupy by an elderly woman and young couple. They ate silently, and it was clearly that things were not going well. As we left, Mother stopped on their table. "Excuse me," she said, put her arm around the unhappy old woman. "You remind me so many of my mother. May I hug  (拥抱) you?" The woman smiled happily as she accepted to it. Mter we left, I said, "That was 

very nice of you, Mother. So I didn't think she looked like Grandma. " "Neither did me," said Mother cheerfully.

第二节:书面表达(满分30分)

    最近,李越被评为你们班的“每周之星”。请你根据她的事迹(在上周六下午,不顾天气炎热,为班级选购歌咏比赛服装),用英语为班级板报写一篇l00一120个词的短文。你的文章应包括下列要点:

    1.李越的事迹及其对同学的影响;        2.你的评论。

    注意:1.文章的标题和开头已给出(不计词数)。

2.参考词汇: singing contest 歌咏比赛

Costume   服装

Star Student of the Week

Li Yue has been awarded the title of "Star Student of the Week" for what she did for our class._________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

英语参考题答案

 

第三部分

第一节(10分,每小题1分)

   After shopping, Mother andI went to a restaurant for lunch. I  notice   Mother looking at a

noticed

nearby table occupy   by an elderly woman and ∧ young couple. They ate silently, and it was clearly         occupied                         a                                        clear

that things were not going well. As we left, Mother stopped  on  their table. "Excuse me," she said,

                                                by/at

 put    her arm around the unhappy old woman. "You remind me so many of my mother. 

Putting                                                   much

 May I hug (拥抱) you?" The woman smiled happily as she aocepted to  it. After we left, I 

                                                        \

said, "That was very nice of you, Mother.  So  I didn't think she looked like Grandma. " 

                                   But

"Neither did me," said Mother cheerfully.

I


第二节(30分)

One possible student version

Star Student of the Week

      Li Yue has been awarded the title of "Star Student of the Week" for what she did for our class. On the hot afternoon of last Saturday, Li Yue went downtown and walked from one store to another, looking for the costumes we would wear in the singing contest. While the rest of us were enjoying our leisure time in cool and comfortable rooms, she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting. Finally, she found the right clothes. Deeply moved by her efforts, we tried our best and won the first prize in the contest.

     Li Yue is always warm-hearted and cares a lot about the class. Besides, she often devotes her spare time to helping others. She has set a good example for us. Therefore, she deserves the honor and we should learn from her.

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