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2010年高考英语真题下载-安徽卷[Word版]

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2010年高考英语真题下载-安徽卷[Word版]
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2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)
英   语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,第Ⅰ卷第1页至第14页,第Ⅱ卷第15页至第16页。全卷满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

第Ⅰ卷
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A.$19.15
B.$9.15
C.$9.18
答案是B。
1. What will Dorothy do on the weekend?
A. Go out with her friend.
B. Work on her paper.
C. Make some plans.
2. What was the normal price of the T-shirt?
A.$15.
B. $30.
C. $50.
3. What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon?
A. To attend a wedding.
B. To visit an exhibition.
C. To meet a friend.
4. When does the bank close on Sunday?
A. At 1:00 pm.
B. At 3:00 pm.
4. At 4:00 pm.
5. Where are the speakers?
A. In a store.
B. In a classroom.
C. At a hotel.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答6、7题。
6. What do we know about Nora?
A. She prefers a room of her own.
B. She likes to work with other girls.
C. She lives near the city center.
7.What is good about the flat?
A. It has a large sitting room.
B. It has good furniture
C. It has a big kitchen
听第7段材料,回答8、9题。
8.Where has Barbara been?
A. Milan
B. Florence
C. Rome
9.What has Barbara got in her suitcase?
A. Shoes
B. Stones
C. Books
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Who is making the telephone call?
A. Thomas Brothers
B. Mike Landon
C. Jack Cooper
11.What relation is the woman to Mr. Cooper?
A. His wife
B. His boss
C. His secretary
12..What is the message about?
A. A meeting
B. A Visit to France
C. The date for a trip

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.Who could the man Speaker most probably be?
A. A person who saw the accident
B. The driver of the lorry
C. A police officer
14. What was Mrs. Franks doing when the accident took place?
A. Walking along Churchill Avenue
B. Getting ready to cross the road
C. Standing outside a bank
15.When did the accident happen?
A. At about 8:00 am
B. At about 9:00 am
C. At about 10:00 am
16. How did the accident happen?
A. A lorry hit a car
B. A car ran into a lorry
C. A bank clerk rushed into the street
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the talk mainly about?
A. The history of the school
B. The courses for the term
C. The plan for the day
18.Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new students?
A. In the school hall
B. In the science labs
C. In the classrooms
19.What can students in the practical areas?
A. Take science courses
B. Enjoy excellent meals
C. Attend workshops
20.When are the visitors expected to ask questions?
A. During the lunch hour
B. After the welcome speech
C. Before the tour of the labs

第二部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 单项填空(共15题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
21.You are a team star! Working with        is rally your cup of tea.
      A. both    B.either    C. others    D.the other
22.No matter how low you consider yourself, there is always someone        you  wishing they were that high.
      A. getting rid of    B. getting along with
      C.1ooking up to     D. Looking down upon
23.一How did you like Nick’s performance last night?
    一To be honest, his singing didn’t        to me much.
      A.appeal       B. belong        C.refer           D.occur
24.一Do you  know if Linda is willing to take charge of the program?
    一        ,does it?
  A It takes no time               B It counts for nothing
  C.It doesn’t hurt to ask       D.It doesn’t,t make sense
25.I haven’t seen Sara since  she was a girl,and she has changed beyond
                    
A. hearing    B. strength   C. recognition       D. measure
 26.Bob would have helped us  yesterday,but he                 .
    A. was busy    B.is busy    C had been busy     D.will be busy
 27.It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village
          the hostess cooked such a nice dinner.
   A. where      B.that       C.when        D. which
28. 一Were you surprised by the ending of the film?
    一No. I      the book, so I already knew  the  story.
   A. was reading   B. had read  C. am reading  D. have read
29.The engineers are so busy that that have zero time for outdoor sports actives,          they have the interest.
   A. wherever  B. whenever  C. even if  D. as if
30.         , she is the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile .
A. Shy and cautious                 B. Sensitive and thoughtful
C. Honest and confident            D. Lighthearted and optimistic
31.         , she is the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile
    A.Shy and cautious         B.Sensitive and thoughtful
    C.Honest and confident      D.Lighthearted  and optimistic
32.Jack described his father, who         a brave boy many years ago,as a strong-willed man
    A. would be             B. would have been
    C. must be               D. must have been
 33 Just use this room for the time being, and we’ll offer you a larger one
           it becomes available
   A. as soon as    B. unless     C. as far  as    D. until
34.一We’ve spent too much money recently.
    一Well,it isn’t surprising.Our friends and relatives      around all the time.
    A.are  coming          B.had come
    C.were coming          D.have been coming
 35.一      ?
       ———That would be great! Please drop me off at the library.
A.Could you bring me the bill
B.Would you  like  me to give you a  lift
C.Could you tell me the postcode for Paris
D.Would you like to have my e-mail address

第二节 完形填空
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  Most people give little thought to the Pens they write with, especially since the printer. In modern homes and offices mean that very  36  things are handwritten.All too often,people buy a pen based only on  37  ,and wonder why  they are not satisfied  38  They begin to use it.However,buying a Pen that you'11 enjoy is not   39   if You keep the following in mind.
  First of all.a pen should fit comfortably in your hand and be  40  to use.The thickness of the pen is the most important characteristic(特征)  4l  comfort.Having  a small hand and thick fingers,you may be comfortable with a thin pen. If you have a 42  hand and thicker fingers,you may  43  a  fatter pen.The length of 8 pen call   44  influence comfort.A pen that is t00  45  can easily feel top-heavy and unstable.
  Then,the writing point of the pen should  46 the ink to flow evenly(均匀地)while the pen remains in touch with the paper.  47  will make it possible for you to  create a  48   line of writing. The point should also be sensitive enough to  49  ink  from running when the pen is lifted.A point that does not block the 50  may leave drops of ink,  51  you pick t he pen up and put it down again.
   52,the pen should make a thick, dark line. Fine—line pens may  53  bad handwriting,but fine,delicate lines do not command  54  next to printed text,as, 55  ,a signature on a printed letter. A broad line ,on other hand,gives an impression of confidence and authority (权威).
36. A. many    B. few   C. pleasant     D. important
37. A.1ooks    B. reason C. value       D. advantages
38. A. once     B. if    C. because     D. though
39. A. convenient    B. easy   C. hard   D. difficult
40. A. heavy    B. easy    C. hard    D. safe
41. A. taking    B. finding    C. determining D. seeking
42. A. stronger  B. weaker    C. Smaller  D.1arger
 43. A. prefer    B. recommend    C. prepare D. demand
 44. A. hardly    B. allow    C. never   D. Still
 45. A. thick     B. 1ight    C.1ong    D. soft
 46. A. change   B. allow   C. reduce   D. press
 47. A They      B. One    C. This    D. Some
 48. A thin       B. rough    C. black   D. Smooth
 49. A prevent     B. free    C. protect    D. Remove
 50. A way       B. Sight   C. flow   D. Stream
 51. A so         B. as    C. and    D. Yet
 52. A Meanwhile     B. Generally   C. Afterwards    D. Finally
 53. A show up     B. differ from   C. Break down   D. compensate for
 54. A attention     B. support   C. respect    D. Admission
 55. A at most      B. For example   C. in brief    D. on purpose


第三部分 阅读理解
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                              A
    The engineer Camillo Oliver was 40 years old when he started the company in 1908.
At his factory in Ivrea, he designed and produced the first Italian typewriter, Today the company 's hea d office s still in Ivrea, near Turin, but the company is much larger than it was in those days and there are offices all around the world.
By 1930 there was 1 staff of 00 and the company turned out 13,000 machines a year. Some went to customers in Italy, but Olivetti exported more typewriter to other countries.
Camillo's son, Adriano, started working for the company in 1924 and later he became the boss. He introduced a standard speed for the production line and he employed technology and design specialists. The company developed new and better typewriters and then calculators(计算机) .In 1959 it produced the ELEA  compu ter in Italy.
After Adriano died in 1960,the company had a period of financial problems. Other companies, especially the Japanese, made faster progress in electronic technology than the ITalian company.
In 1978,Carlo de Benedetti became the new boss. Olivetti increased its marking and service networks and  made agreements with other companies to design and produce more advanced office equipment. Soon it became one of the world's leading companies in information  technology and communications. There are now five independent  companies in the Olivetti group – one for personal computers, one for Systems and services, and two for telecommunications.
56.From the text we learn that ______________.
A. by 1930 Olivetti produced 13,000 typewriters a year
B. Olivetti earned more in the 1960s than in the 1950s
C. some of Olivetti’s 700 staff regularly visited customers in Italy
D.Oliv etti set up offices in other countries from the very beginning
57.What was probably the direct result of Olivetti’s falling behind in electronic technology?
A. Adriano’s death .                         B.A period of financial problems.
C. Its faster progress.                        D. Its agreements with other companies.
58.What do we know about Olivetti?
A. It produced the best typewriter in the world.
B. It designed the world’s first mainframe computer.
C. It exported more typewriters than other companies.
D. It has five independent companies with its head office in Ivrea.
59.The best title for the text would be ____________.
A. The Origin of Olivetti                      B. The Success of Olivetti
C. The History of Olivetti                     D. The Production of Olivetti

B
Have you ever wondered?
 
60.What information can we get from the first passage?
A. It is the jet stream that affects how fast airplanes fly.
B. Planes go slower when they are moving with the wind.
C. It takes more time to fly from NY to London than from London to NY.
D. The jet stream always blows from the east to the west across the Atlantic.
61.The word “shoot” underlined in the 2nd passage probably means “__________”.
A. send for                                          B. move quickly
C. come out                                         D. grow quickly
62.It can be inferred that without gravity _____________.
A. buildings and other structures would float away
B. trees and buildings would not so easily fly off
C. something around your head would not float away
D. everything outside buildings would fly off into space
63.Where can we most probably read this text?
A. In a research paper.                                B. In a short story.
C. In a travel magazine.                               D. In a student’s book

C
American cities are similar to other cities around the world: In every country, cities reflect the values of the culture. American cities are changi ng, just as American society is changing.
After World War Ⅱ, the population of most large American cities decreased; however, the population shifts(转移)to and from the city reflect the changing values of American society. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, city residents(居民)became wealthier. They had more children so they needed more space. They moved out of their apartments in the city to buy their own homes. They bought houses in the suburbs(郊区).
Now things are changing, The children of the people who left the cities in the 1950s are now adults. Many, unlike their parents, want to live in the cities. They continue to move to Sun Belt cities and older ones of the Northeast and Midwest. Many young professionals are moving back into the city. They prefer the city to the suburbs because their jobs are there; or they just enjoy the excitement and possibilities that the city offers.
This population shift is bringing problems as well as benefits. Countless poor people must leave their apartments in the city because the owners want to sell the buildings or make apartments for sale instead of for rent. In the 1950s, many poor people did not have enough money to move to the suburbs; now many of these same people do not have enough money to stay in the cities.
Only a few years ago, people thought that the older American cities were dying. Some city residents now see a bright, new future . Others see only problems and conflicts. One thing is sure:many dying cities are alive again.
64.What does the author think of cities all over the world?
A. They are alive.                        B. They are hopeless.
C. They are similar.                       D. They are different.
65.Why did American city residents want to live in the suburbs after World War Ⅱ?
A. Because older American cities were dying.
B. Because they were richer and needed more space.
C. Because cities contained the worst parts of society.
D. Because they could hardly afford to live in the city.
66.According to the 4th paragraph, a great many poor people in American cities _______ .
A. are faced with housing problems
B. are forced to move to the suburbs
C. want to sell their buildings
D. need more money for daily expenses
67.We can conclude from the text that ___________ .
A. American cities are changing for the worse
B. people have different views on American cities
C. many people are now moving from American cities
D. the population is decreasing in older American cities

D
My father was 44 and knew he wasn’t going to make it to 45. He wrote me a letter and hoped that something in it would help me for  the  rest  of my life.
Since the day 1 was 12 and first read his letter, some of his words have lived in my heart. Only part always times out. “Right now, you are pretending to be a time-killer. But I know that one hay, you will do something great that will set you among the very best.” Knowing that my dad believed in me gave me permission to believe in myself. “You will do something great.” He didn’t know what that would be, and neither did I, but at times in my life when I’ve felt proud of myself, I remember his words and wish he were here so I could ask. “Is this what you were talking about, Dad? Should I keep going?”
A long way from 12 now, I realize he would have been proud when I made any progress. Lately, though. I’ve come to believe he’d want me to move on to what comes next: to be proud of,  and believe in, somebody else. It’s time to start writing my own letters to my children. Our children look to us with the same unanswered question we had. Our kids don’t  hold back because they’re afraid to fail. They’re only afraid of failing us. They don’t worry about being disappointed. Their fear-as mine was until my father’s letter-is of being a disappointment.
Give your children permission to succeed. They’re writing for you to believe in them. I always knew way parents loved me. But trust me. That belief will be more complete, that love will be more real , and their belief in themselves will be greater if you write the words on their hearts; “Don’t worry; you’ll do something great.” Not having that blessing from their parents may be the only thing holding them back.
68.We learn from the text that the author       
A.lost his father when he was young
B.Worked hard before he read his father's letter
C.Asked his father's permission to believe in himself
D.Knew exactly what great thing his father wanted him to do
69.What does the author tell us in the 3rd paragraph?
A. Children need their parents’ letters.
B. Children are afraid to be disappointed.
C. His children’s fear of failure held them back.
D. His father’s letter removed his fear of failing his parents.
70.Which of the following is true of the author?
A. He got no access to success.
B. He wrote back to his father at 12.
C. He was sure his parents loved him.
D. He once asked his father about the letter.
71.The main purpose of the text is to _______.
A. describe children’s thinking
B. answer some questions children have
C. stress the importance of communication
D. advise parents to encourage their children
E
The need to feed a growing population is putting much pressure on the world’s supply of water. With 97% of the world’s water too salty to salty to be drunk or be drunk or used in agriculture, the worldwide Supply of water needs careful management, especially in agriculture, Although the idea of a water shortage(短缺)seems strange to someone fortunate enough to live in a high rainfall country, many of the world’s agricultural industries experience constant water shortages .
Although dams can be built to store water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons, the costs of water redistribution(重新分配) are very high. Not only is there the co st of the engineering itself ,but there is also an environmental cost to be considered .Where valleys(山谷) are flooded to create dams, houses are lost and wildlife homes destroyed . Besides , water may flow easily through pipes to fields, but it cannot be transported from one side of the world to the other. Each country must therefore rely on the management of its own water to supply its farming requirements.
This is particularly troubling for countries with agricultural industries in areas dependent on irrigation(灌溉). In Texas, farmers’  overuse of irrigation water has resulted in a 25% reduction of the water stores ,In the Central Valley area of southwes tern USA ,a huge water engineering project provided water for farming in dry valleys , but much of the water use has been poorly managed.
Saudi Arabia’s attempts to grow wheat in desert areas have seen the pumping of huge quantities of irrigation(灌溉) water from underground reserves . Because there is no rainfall in these areas ,such reserves can only decrease, and it is believed that fifty years of pumping will see them run dry.
72. From the first two paragraphs we learn that         .
A. much of the world’s water is available for use
B. people in high rainfall countries feel lucky
C. the costs of water redistribution should be considered
D. water can be easily carried through pipes across th e world
73. Which of the follo wing is true?
A. The water stores in Texas have been reduced by 75%.
B. Most industries in the world suffer from water shortages.
C. The underground water in Saudi Arabia might run out in 20 years.
D. Good management of water use resulted from the project in the Central Valley.
74. What is most likely to be discussed in the paragraph that follows?
A. Steps to improving water use management.
B. Ways to reduce the costs of building dams.
C. Measures to deal with worldwide water shortages.
D. Approaches to handling the pressure on water supply.
75. The text is mainly about ¬        .
A. water supply and increasing population
B. water use management and agriculture
C. water redistribution and wildlife protection
D. water shortages and environmental protection

(在此卷上答题无效)
绝密★启用前
2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)
英语
第Ⅱ卷
考生注意事项:
请用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。
第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分)
第一节 任务型读写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。
注意:每个空格只填一个单词。
When difficult people express themselves orally, they generally want at least two things: they’ve been heard and they’ve been understand. As a good communicator should be a good listener, five steps are advocated toward good listening.
The first step is cooperating(合作). How does a difficult person know that you’re listening and understanding? In fact, it’s through the way you look and should while he is talking. You may help him to fully express his thoughts and feelings. You do this by nodding your head in agreement, making certain sounds of understanding.
When the person begins to repeat what’s been said, it’s signal of step two: turning back. It means that you repeat back some words he is using, sending a clear signal that you’re listening carefully and that you think what he is saying is important.
Having heard what he has to say, the next step is clarifying. At this point, you start to gather information about what is being communicated. Ask some open-ended questions, which will allow you to figure out what intention he is hoping to satisfy.
The fourth step is to summarize(概括)what you’ve heard. This allows you to make sure that both you and the difficult person are on the same page. When you do this, two things happen. First, if you’ve shown that you’re making an effort to understand completely. This increases the possibility of gaining cooperation from him.
Having listened carefully, you’ve now arrived at the point of confirming with the person that he feels that his thoughts have been fully voiced. Ask if he feels understood.
When enough sincere listening, questioning, and remembering are brought together, understanding is usually achieved and a difficult person becomes less difficult and more cooperative.
Topic (76)      to understand
Reason Difficult people hope they have been heard and(77)    when they express themselves.
(78)
on listening ◆(79)     in agreement and make some sounds of understanding while a difficult person is speaking.
◆Repeat some(80)      that you have heard.
◆Collect information about the person’s expressions and find his(81)       .
◆Give a(82)      of what the person has said.
◆Confirm that the person gains (83)       from speaking his thoughts.
Result A difficult person will be(84)      to cooperate with if understanding is achieved.
Comment You may unlock the doors to difficult people’s(85)   after you listen and understand

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你将参加某英语杂志社开展的一次征文活动,征文的内容要求你在电视、手机(cell)和网络三者中,放弃期中一个兵陈述理由。请你以“Which would you give up: TV, cell, or Web?”为题,写一篇英语短文。
注意:1.字数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
 
2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)
英语答案

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