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2010年高考英语真题下载-广东卷[word版]

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2010年高考英语真题下载-广东卷[word版]
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2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)
英    语
本试卷共12页,四大题,满分150分。考试用 时120分钟。

1听力(共两节。满分35分)
第一节听力理解(5段,共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在5秒钟内从题中所给的A、B、c项中,选出最佳选项.并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
听第一段对话.回答第1~3题.
1. Why does the man want to borrow the woman's notes?
A. He raised the classes.
   B. He is not satisfied with his notes.
C. He has not taken any notes in class.
2. When does the man feel sleepy?
   A. On his way to class.
   B. At the beginning of the class.
   C. Thirty minutes after class begins.
3. Where will th e speakers go?
   A. To the library.    B. To the cafeteria. C. To the supermarket.

听第二段对话,回答第4~6题。
4. Where will the man most probably find out about the comply?
A. In the brochures.
   B. In the library.
C. On the Internet.
5. Why will the company ask the man whether he is good for the job?
   A. To know how he cares about the company.
   B. To know what he can contribute to the company.
   C. To know if he can make brochures for the company.
6. When can the man ask questions about the job?
   A. At the end of the interview.
   B. In the middle of the interview.
   C. At the beginning of the interview.
听第三段对话,回答第7~9题。
7. What does the man think of big parties?
A. They are noisy.
   B. They are boring.
   C. They are interesting.
8. Why does the woman like parties?
   A. They are the best way to meet people.
   B. They are the times to meet her best friends.
   C. They are the opportunities to find serious guys.
9. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
   A. Colle agues.  B. Schoolmates.   C. Teacher and student.
昕第四段独白,回答第10—12题。
10. What made seaside holiday possible for British families around the mid-19th century?
    A. Better railway services.
B. The invention of the railways.
C. The fast growth of the railways.
11. Why couldn't ordinary working people go on holiday before 1871?
A. They had very little time off work.
B. Banks were cloud during holidays.
C. The government was not interested in holidays.
12. What was offered at the seaside to attract holidaymakers?
A. Free accommodation.
B. Income rise.
    C. Cheap entertainment.
听第五段对话.回答第13一15题。
13. How does the man go to work?
A. By car.   B. By bus.  C. By train
14. How long will the man's flight take?
A. About 15 hours.   B. About 16 bout.  C. About 18 hours.
15. What does the man do in order to get to sleep on the plane?
    A. He gets himself tired on the plane,
    B. He stays up late the day before the flight.
    C. He takes medicine or has a beer on the plane.
第二节听取信息(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
    听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为16~20的空格中。听录音前,你将有10秒钟的阅题时间,录音读两遍。你将有60秒钟的作答时间。
Ronald Reagan(1911-2004)
    Time     Important events     Other information
1932 120l a lob船a radio(16)          announcer 
1937  became a movie actor 
 during the Next 27 
 appeared in more than(17)        playing supporting roles as
the hero’s fi5end
froml954tol965  acted in some popular(18)        
from l966 t0 1974  severed as governor of  California 
from l980 to l988 served as president of the United Stat船 the(19)       person
to sever U. S. president
 after leaving the
 White House  retired to his(20)       in California
 

Ⅱ语言知识及应用【共两节,满分35分)
第一节完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分.满分20分)
    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从21—30各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
      Every country has its own culture.
      Even though each country uses doors, doors may have   21   functions and purposes which lead to   22   differences.
      When I first to came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different   23   and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word "PUSH" to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word "PULL" to   24   the building. This was new to me, because we use the   25    door in South Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed.
      The way of using school bus doors was also   26   to me. I used to take the school bus to closes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doom,   27
who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on 28  . in South Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I   29   tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me. I was totally   30   , and my face went red.
21. A. different           B. important           C. practical           D. unusual
22. A. national            B. embarrassing         C. cultural             D. amazing
23. A. exits                B. entrances             C. signs               D. doors
24. A. enter               B. leave                 C. open                D. close
25. A. main               B. same                 C. front                D. back
26. A. annoying          B. hard                C. satisfying          D. strange
27. A. parents             B. students              C. teachers             D. driven
28. A. sooner              B. later                 C. faster               D. earlier
29. A. politely            B. patiently            C. unconsciously      D. slowly
30. A. embarrassed       B. annoyed             C. unsatisfied         D. excited
第二节语法填空(共10小题;每小题l 5分.满分l5分)
    阅读下面短文.按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31—40的相应位置上。
      A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water.    31
water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder  32   had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man   33    ( present ) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled   34   ( warm ), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home   35   a happy heart.
     After the student left, the teacher let   36   student taste the water. He spit it out,    37
(say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, "Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like   38  ?"
     The teacher replied,  " You tasted the water. I tasted the girl. The water was simply the
container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be   39   (sweet). "
     We understand this lesson best   40   we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing.
Ⅲ阅读(共两节.满分40分)
第一节阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将
该项涂黑。
A
      When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother's Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.
     My mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend 1 was she. I was foxed to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rode to her. One time 1 had to call her stockbroker (股票
经纪人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, "This is Mrs. Tan. "
     And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, "Why he don't send me cheek,
already two week late. "
     And then, in perfect English I said, "I'm getting rather concerned. You agreed to send the
check two weeks ago, but it hasn't arrived. "
     Then s he talked more loudly.  "What h e want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss. " And so I turned to the stockbroker again, "I can't tolerate any more excuse. If I don't receive the cheek immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week. "
     The next week we ended up in New York. While 1 was sitting there red-faced, my mother,
the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English.
     When I was a teen ager, my mother's broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me,  my mother's English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way 1 saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world.
41. Why was the author's mother poorly served?
A. She was unable to speak good English.
B. She was often misunderstood.
C. She was not clearly heard.
    D. She was not very polite.
42. From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was        .
    A. good at pretending
    B. rode to the stockbroker
    C. ready to help her mother
    D. unw illing to phone for her mother
43. After the author made the phone call,
A. they forgave the s tockbroker
B. they failed to get the check
C. they went to New York immediately
    D. they spoke to their boss at once
44. What does the author think of her mother's English now?
    A. It confuses her.
    B. It embarrasses her.
C. It helps her understand the world.
D. It helps her tolerate rude people.
45. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English
A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers
B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers
C. has a very bad reputation in America
D. may bring inconvenience in America
B
     When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, "Well, it's so-and-so's fault. "or "I know I'm late, but it's not my fault; the car broke down. " It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner's key to success .
Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don't rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well.
     This is what being a winner is all about-creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don't have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situation to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on "whose fault it is. " Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success.
46. According to the passage, winners     .
A. deal with problems rather than blame others
B. meet with fewer difficulties in their byes
C. have responsible and able colleagues
D. blame themselves rather than others
47. The underlined word remedy in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to          .
A. avoid   B. accept   C. impure   D. Consider
48. When your colleague brings about a problem, you should      .
A. find a better way to handle the problem
B. blame him for his lack of responsibility
C. tell him to find the cause of the problem
D. ask a more able colleague for help
49. When problems occur, winners take them as
    A. excuses for their failures
    B. barriers to greater power
C. challenges to their colleagues
D. chances for self-development
50. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
    A. A Winner's Secret.
    B. A Winner's Problem.
C. A Winner's Opportnnity.
D. A Winner's Achievement.
C
     Food sometimes gets poisoned with harmful things. A person who eats such food can get an illness called food poisoning. Food poisoning is usually not serious, but some types are deadly, The symptoms of food poisoning usually begin within hours of eating the poisoned food. Fever is one of the most common symptoms.
     Certain microorganisms (微生物) cause most types of food po isoning. Bacteria and other microorganisms can poison eggs, meat, vegetables, and many other foods. After entering the body, these tiny living things release (释放) poisons that make people sick.
      Some chemicals can also cause food poisoning. They are often added to food while it is being grown, processed, or prepaid. For example, many farmers spray chemicals on crops to kill weeds and insects.  Some people may have a bad reaction to those chemicals when they eat the crops.
      Some plants and animals contain natural poisons that are harmful to people. These include
certain kinds of seafood, grains, nuts, seeds, beans, and mushrooms.
      When people handle food properly, the risk of food poisoning is very small Microorganisms multiply rapidly in dirty places and in warm temperatures. This means that people should never touch food with ditty hands or put food on unwashed surfaces. Food should be kept in a refrigerator to stop microorganisms from gnawing. Meat needs to be cooked thoroughly to kill any dangerous microorganisms. People should also wash foo d covered with chemicals before eating it. Finally, people should not eat raid mushrooms or other foods that grow in the wild. Some of these foods may contain natural materials that are poisonous to humans. In addition, some types of fish can be poisonous.
      Most people recover from food poisoning after a few days of resting and drinking extra water. If people eat natural poisons, they must go to the hospital right away to have their stomachs emptied.
51. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
      A. Food when poisoned can make people sick.
B. Food poisoning means death.
      C. Food poisoning comes in varieties.
D. Food poisoning can be serious.
52. We know from the passage that the symptoms of food poisoning        .
A. are always accompanied by a fever
B. are too common to be noted
C. can be noticed within hours
D. can be ignored
53. Food poisoning can be caused by all the following EXCEPT      .
    A. some chemicals   B. low temperatures  C. some tiny living things
     D. certain natural materials
54. From Paragraph 5, we can learn that
     A. mushrooms should not be eaten
     B. vegetables are safer than meat and seafood
     C. natural poisons are more dangerous than chemicals
D. different types of food should be handled differently
55. It can be inferred from the passage that
     A. natural materials are safe in food processing
B. chemicals are needed in food processing
     C. food poisoning can be kept under control
D. food poisoning is out of control
第二节信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应
选项字母涂黑。
    首先请阅读下列国外媒体上的插图及提示性文字:

以下是关于这些插图的简要评论。请把评论与相关插图及提示性文字匹配起来。
56. The debate has been raging for years over the safety of, and necessity for, childhood vaccinations, which has been so much so that it is termed "The Vaccine War". The debate has only a few moments that might be inspiring to those who have been following this now familiar issue.

57. There are certainly benefits of using a star in a film. It makes the film easier to market. Stars
also help  sell  more  tickets  and  drive  DVD  sales,  which  are  a  big  part  of studio revenue. However, a star does not guarantee success. The simple fact is that if you pay a star a great deal of money for a film that people don't want to see, then it won't work.
58. They are barely in their twenties and are already multimillionaires. At the age when many people are looking for their first job, the youngsters of The Sunday Times Rich List are buying country estates or jetting off to their overseas homes. Daniel Radcliffe, for example, who plays Harry Potter, has a fortune of ~42 million, at 20.
59. Millions of jobless Americans, who might be suffering in anxiety and lacking a sense of security, are showing up at emergency rooms of state-owned hospitals, contributing to a lon ger waiting time and a higher risk of cursory treatment by overworked doctors and nurses.
60. Alice Miller, a psychology expert, who died at 87 at home in Provence, France, on April 14,repositioned the family as a central place of abnormal psychological function with her theory that parental power and punishment lay at the root of nearly all human problems.

Ⅳ写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节基础写作(共1小题,满分15分)
以下是一则关于中国政府决定禁烟的报道的主要内容。

*二手烟:second-hand smoke
[写作内容]
    请根据以上内容给学校英语墙报写一篇通讯,内容包括:1禁烟决定的内容及实施的时间和范围;
    2目标和措施;3相关数据。[写作要求】
    只能用5个句子表达全部内容。[评分标准]
    句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。第二节读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)
    阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。
     In junior high school, one of my classmates, Ethan, was addicted to TV. This boy simply knew everything about such pop shows as Who's the Boss?
     Then one day Ethan's mother made brim an offer in order to draw him back to his school subjects. She promised that she would give him $20 0 if he could go a full month without watching any TV. None of us thought Eth~ could do it, but he did quit TV. His morn paid him $200. He went out and bought a TV, the biggest he could find.
      In recent years, hundreds of schools have carried out experiments with paying kids with each for showing  up  or  getting  good  grades. All  school  kids  admire  this  trend. But  it  upsets adults. Teachers say that we are rewarding kids for doing what they should be doing of their own will. Psychologists warn that money can actually make kids perform worse by making the act of learning cheap. The debate has become a typical battle over why our kids are not learning at the rate they should he despite decades of reforms and budget increases.
[写作内窖]
    1以约30词概括上文的主要内容。
    2以约120词对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的现象进行议论,内容包括:
    (1)你对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的看法:
    (2)你的父母(或其他亲人)是如何鼓励你学习的;(3)你认为怎样才能更好地鼓励孩子学习。
[写作要求]
    1作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事.也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。
  2作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
[评分标准]
  概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷) 参考答案:
21-25ACDAC    26-30DBBCA  
  31-35The/who/presented/warmly/with   36-40another/saying/it/sweeter/when
41-45ADBCC       46-50ACADA     51-55BABDC      56-60FCADE

基础写作:
Chinese government issued a nationwide regulation that smoking is no permitted in public places from January 1, 2011.It required that in-doors public-places must be no-smoking. What’s more, in order to carry it out effectively, putting up signs related to banning smoke was advised by government.
Up to now ,350million Smokers consisting of 75%male and 25%female are suffering. Among about 540million people influenced by second-hand smoke, the rate of death is over 100thousand per year.

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