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高考英语题型强化专练—语法填空

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高考英语题型强化专练—语法填空
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高考英语题型强化专练—语法填空


一、语法填空(本大题共16小题)

1.     A young man and an old man were waiting for a bus.   (1)   sat next to each other. "What's that in your bag?" asked the young man, pointing to a big bag beside the old man. "Gold. There was nothing but gold," answered the old man. The young man could not believe his own ears and was   (2)   great surprise. Then he began to think about   (3)   to get the money. The old man was very tired and it seemed that he could hardly keep his eyes open. After a while the old man   (4)   (lie) down on the chair and fell asleep.

   The young man took   (5)   big bag gently and quietly. But when he was just about to run away, he found a corner of his fur coat was under the old man's body. Several times he tried to pull it out,   (6)   in vain. At last he took off his coat,   (7)   (think) that the gold in the bag must cost far more than his fur coat.

   Worried but   (8)   (delight), the young man ran out of the station as quickly as his legs could carry him, until he reached a place   (9)   he thought the old man couldn't find him. He stopped and quickly opened the bag but he just found a great many of small stones in it. Then he ran back to the station   (10)   (hurry) only to find that the old man was gone.

【答案】1.they

2.in

3.how

4.lay

5.the

6.but

7.thinking

8.delighted

9.where

10.hurriedly

【解析】 1.句意:一个年轻男人和一个老人正在等车。他们挨着坐在一起。空格处所填的词指代上文的年轻人和老人,在句中作主语,需用人称代词they。故填they。

2.句意:年轻人不相信自己的耳朵,很惊讶。in surprise吃惊地,固定搭配。故填in。 

3.句意:他开始想如何得到这笔钱。根据句意,此处需用how,表示“怎么样,如何”,在句中作状语。故填how。 

4.空处所填的词在句中作谓语,全文的整体时态是一般过去时,故此处需用一般过去时。根据文意lie此处表示“躺”的意思,其过去式为“lay”。故填lay。 

5.结合上文,此处特指老人的包,需用定冠词。故填the。 

6.句意:他尝试了几次想把衣服角拽出来,但都是徒劳的。前后句子存在转折关系,需用连词but。故填but。 

7.根据句子结构,think的逻辑主语是he,两者存在主动关系,故此处需用现在分词作伴随状语。故填thinking。 

8.根据文意此处表示年轻人“很担心但是很高兴”。delighted高兴的,修饰人。此处delighted和worried在句中作伴随状语,表示年轻人当时的状态。故填delighted。 

9.此处是定语从句,先行词是a place,且从句中缺少地点状语,故此处需用where引导该从句。故填where。 

10.空格处所填的词修饰动词短语ran back to,需用副词。故填hurriedly。

 



2.     The young genius pianist, Bi Ye,   (1)  (obtain) eight gold medals at the national piano competitions in China since the age of 5. And at age 7, she   (2)  (win) the grand prize at the International Franz Liszt Piano Competition for Children and Youth, becoming the youngest winner of the prize.

    Praised as a little piano genius   (3)   Lang Lang, Bi has become a key student in the Lang Lang International Music Foundation family.

    Like other parents, what Bi's parents wanted to do was provide   (4)  (they) child with an extra-curricular activity   (5)   can enrich her early years' education. So when Bi's mother learned that playing the piano can make   (6)  (kid) smarter, more determined and more optimistic, she signed Bi up to learn the piano at age 4. Three months   (7)  (late), Bi Ye could play and sing the song Little Duck.

    Five hours of practice might be considered burdensome for a 4-year-old kid, but   (8)  (surprise), Bi's mother found Bi was having fun with it, "Once she sits in front of the piano, she becomes excited with her fingers touching   (9)   keyboard," said Bi's mom.

    In 2016, Bi stood out at a piano competition and finally got the chance   (10)  (play) the piano with her idol(偶像) Lang Lang.

【答案】1.has obtained

2.won

3.like

4.their

5.which/that

6.kids

7.later

8.surprisingly

9.the

10.to play

【解析】1.考查时态及主谓一致。根据后面的时间状语since the age of 5可知,此处应用现在完成时,句子主语是第三人称单数Bi Ye,故填has obtained。

2.考查时态。根据句首的时间状语And at age 7,此句应用一般过去时。故填won。

3.考查介词。like像……一样,介词,此处意为“像朗朗一样被誉为钢琴天才”,故填like。

4.考查代词。根据后面的名词child,此处应用形容词性物主代词,表示他们的孩子。故填their。

5.考查定语从句中的关系代词。分析句子结构可知,空格处引导限制性定语从句,先行词activity,指物,在从句部分作主语,所以此处关系代词which或that。故填which/that。

6.考查名词复数。kid孩子,可数名词,此处指学习钢琴能让孩子更聪明等,不是指一个孩子应用复数形式作宾语。故填kids。

7.考查副词。时间段+later意为“多长时间之后”,固定短语。故填later。

8.考查副词。分析句意可知,此处应用副词形式作状语修饰整个句子。surprise副词形式是surprisingly。故填surprisingly。

9.考查定冠词。分析句意可知,此处keyboard是“特指”上文所提到钢琴的键盘,所以此处应用定冠词the。故填the。

10.考查非谓语动词。此处意为“得到了演奏钢琴的机会”,而且与其逻辑主语Bi是主谓关系,所以应用动词不定式作定语修饰前面的名词the chance。故填to play。


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