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浙江省绍兴市第一中学2015-2016学年高二下期中试题

绍兴一中2015学年第二学期期中考试
高二英语
第一部分:听力(共两小节,满分15分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的A B C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What is the man doing?
A. Offering a suggestion.  B. Starting an argument.  C. Stopping a fight.
2. What does the man think of himself?
A. He deserves a free lunch.   B. His salary is not high.  C. He works hard.
3. When will the party be held?
A. On Friday.     B. On Saturday.    C. On Sunday.
4. What do we know about the man?
A. He has worked with the woman for twelve years.
B. He thinks the prices in the store are too high.
C. He has a slight hearing problem.
5. What will the man probably do today?
A. Have some guests over.   B. Go shopping.    C. Go to a post office.
第二节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面2段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟时间阅读各个小题;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6--8题。
6. Where does the conversation take place?
A. In a drugstore.     B. In the hospital.    C. On the street.
7. What will the man do next?
A. Pick up something.    B. Wait for someone.   C. Go back home.
8. What does the woman think of the man?
A. He is impatient.    B. He is clever.    C. He is helpful.
听下面一段对话,回答第9--10题。
9. Who is Dan the Bear?
A. A fisherman.    B. A singer.     C. A dolphin trainer.
10. What will the woman do before going to the bar?
A. Go to the barber’s.    B. Buy some clothes.   C. Perform onstage.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(本节共8小题;每小题2.5分,满分20分)
    阅读下面短文并完成每篇后面的题目。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出能回答所提问题的最佳选项。
A
The ocean is always moving:waves break on the surface,sea levels rise and fall with the tides,and currents flow below the surface.Although it looks as if the water in a wave is moving across the surface of the ocean,it is not.The water is actually moving up and down.This is why an object on top of a wave will bob up and down,but not move forward.
When a wave reaches the shore,however, the water does move forward.It surges(前进)onto the shore.This is because the “bottom” of the wave drags on the sand and the “top” continues on,crashing onto the shore.This crashing water is called the surf.Most waves are caused by wind blowing across the ocean's surface.The size of a wave depends on how fast and how far the wind blows over the surface and on the depth of the wave.Small winds can cause ripples,while strong winds create large hurricane waves.
Along most shorelines.water levels rise and fall twice a day.These changes,called tides.are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and the Moon.The ocean surface lifts,or bulges(凸出),in two places:on the side of Earth that faces the Moon and on the side of Earth that faces away from the Moon.Both bulges cause a high tide on nearby shorelines.At the same time that the high tides occur,low tides occur between the two bulges.
Tides are also affected by the pull of the Sun,although the effect of the Sun is not as great as the effect of the Moon.When the Moon and Sun are lined up with Earth,the combined pull is the strongest,causing the highest high tides and the lowest low tides.These very high and very low tides are called spring tides.Weaker tides,called neap tides,happen when the Moon and the Sun are at right angles to Earth.High tides alternate with low tides.Along most shorelines,a high tide or low tide occurs about every six hours.
11.The word “alternate” in the last paragraph means         .
   A.appear suddenly             B.bob up and down
   C.change or become quickly    D.happen or follow one after another
12.The best title for the passage is        .
   A.The Moving Ocean       C.Tides and Waves
   B.Ocean and Earth        D.Waves and Currents

B
In a Station of the Metro
The apparition of these faces in the crowd;
Petals on a wet, black bough.
This is the only Ezra Pound poem that many people will read in their lives. Why? One obvious reason is that it’s just two lines long. The poem, which can be understood as “A man sees a bunch of faces in the subway and thinks they look like flowers on a tree branch,” is an exercise in shortness. Pound wrote it after having a spiritual experience in a Paris metro (subway) station.
In 1916, the US poet originally thought he could best describe his vision in a painting. Unfortunately, he wasn’t a painter. So he wrote a thirty-line poem, which he didn’t like. He dropped the long version in the waste bin. Six months later, he wrote a shorter poem, but didn’t like that one either. Finally, a full year after the experience, he had been reading short Japanese poems called haikus, and he figured he would try this style. The result, which was published in 1913, is one of the most famous and influential works in modern poetry.
This poem is one of the monuments (纪念物) of the 20th-century artistic movement known as “Imagism”. Basically, Pound and his friends thought that images (意象) weren’t just decoration: they were the highest form of speech. By finding the right image, the poet can express the true, spiritual reality of a thing, which is more important than using a bunch of adjectives to describe its physical appearance. Thus, “In a Station of the Metro” is a poem that consists of one image expressed with absolute (绝对的) exactness and nothing else.
To the imagists, the best way to describe an experience is not to use more and more words; the best way is to find exactly the right words. Have you ever told a beloved one that “words can’t express” how much you love them? Well, Pound would say that you’re just being lazy. In his view, words can express anything, even if it takes an entire year to find the right ones.
13. In the short poem, Ezra Pound         . 
A. tells us one of his painful experiences    
B. compares the passengers’ faces to flowers
C. describes a man walking among the crowd  
D. shows a wet, black tree branch in a metro station
14. According to the text, “In a Station of the Metro” was         . 
A. based on one of Pound’s paintings     B. first discovered in a waste bin
C. influenced by haikus        D. completed in 1916
15. Pound and his friends         .
A. stressed the importance of using adjectives   B. were good at describing abstract images 
C. decorated their poems with pictures     D. used images to express their ideas 
C
Some 30,000 years ago, artists who lived in caves in Europe painted pictures of the animals around them: panthers, hyenas, rhinos, cave lions, mammoths and other creatures which have been extinct for a long time. The paintings were highly realistic. Some even showed movement.
The artwork, more than a thousand drawings, is considered the oldest group of human cave drawings which have ever been discovered. They were preserved because the cave was sealed---closed off--for more or less 23,000 years.
Fast forward to December 18, 1994, a group of French cave scientists were exploring caves in southern France. Jean Marie Chauvet, who led the group then, describes the process of discovering the cave paintings. “At that time I was in the front, Eliette just walked behind me, Christian behind. Eliette said she saw two marks with red ochre and she said, ‘They came here.’ And at this very moment everything began. The drawings and everything linked to the parietal art(壁画). That is where it is tarted.”
Cave art expert Jean Clotttes reviewed the paintings. “I was amazed at the number of paintings there were and paintings of their quality and particularly in front of the panel of the horses.”
Scientific analysis confirmed the prehistoric date of the artwork. Studies showed the drawings were created tens of thousands of years ago, before human history was written. The United Nations’ cultural agency UNESCO lists the cave as a World Heritage Site. They say that the drawings form a remarkable expression of early human artistic creation of grand excellence and variety.
The Chauvet Cave has been named after the explorer who first entered it. However, its environment and drawings are too fragile to be visited by human beings. So the cave is closed, and only people there for scientific purposes can go inside and see the artwork.
However, French authorities asked experts to create an exact copy of the cave, called Pont d’Arc Cavern. The copy, which we also called replica, cost more than 59 million dollars to build. It opened at the end of April in France.
Pascal Terrasse is the president of the cavern. He says everyone will be able to experience the thrill of looking at drawings made by the first humans in Europe. He says the place is magic because it is doen so well. Authorities say they think as many as 400,000 people will be allowed to visit Pont d’Arc Cavern every year.
16. According to Jean Clottes’ words in Paragraph 4, the paintings in the cave were        .
A. abstract  B. superior   C. creative  D. inspiring
17. Which of the follow statements is TRUE about the Chauvet Cave?
A. It was closed off for more than 30,000 years.
B. It is thought to be the origin of modern parietal art.
C. The environment and artwork there are very easy to damage.
D. The majority of drawings there are about the extinct animals.
18. The purpose of creating Pndt d’Arc Cavern is to         .
A. show admiration for the earliest artists in Europe
B. arouse visitors’ awareness of protecting ancient art
C. offer visitors chances to view the wonderful artwork
D. collect money for the perseverance of the Chauvet Cave

第二节(本节共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Too many of us are waiting too long to live our best lives. We keep putting everything off until tomorrow. Then, before we know it, we find ourselves asking, "How did it get so late so soon?"
So we’d better make today the beginning of our new life. Take time to figure ourselves out. Take time to realize what we want and need. Take time to love, laugh, cry, and learn. ____19____ Here are five things we should start doing today:
Accept ourselves. The secret to happiness and success is the acceptance of ourselves. We will never become who we want to be if we rely on everyone else to qualify us. ____20____ So always go with ourselves, never against ourselves. Be who we were created to be and we will set the world on fire.
Make ourselves a priority. To tell the truth, there are only a few people in this world who will stay 100% true to us, so we should stay true to ourselves. Put our own needs into the list of things to do.
____21____ Don’t sit back and let things happen to us. Go out and make things happen. We are what we do, not what we say we’ll do. Stop saying "I wish" and start saying "I will". Turn our dreams into plans.
Do the work. We can’t underestimate(低估) a person who always works hard. Be that person.  ___22____ Always remember that the task ahead of us is never greater than the strength within us. Do what’s right, not what’s easy. Our dreams are worth it.
____23____ We can’t force things to happen; we can only drive ourselves trying crazily. There’s a time and place for everything. So don’t force what’s not yet supposed to fit into our life. When it’s meant to be, it will be. Work hard, and be patient.
A. Take positive action.
B. Enjoy every moment of life.
C. Life is shorter than it often seems.
D. Everyone has a different way of life.
E. Accept ourselves just the way we are.
F. Allow life to happen like it’s supposed to.
G. In life, we don’t get what we wish for; we get what we work for.
第三部分 英语知识运用(满分40分)
第一节 完形填空(本题共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Until I was 13, I assumed I was just like everyone else. But one day I read a piece of paper in my dad’s briefcase that ____24____everything. That’s when I saw the words: “Simone is said to have Asperger syndrome.”
I screamed at my dad, “Tell me what it is!” He ____25____ that I have a mild form of brain disorders, which was a problem that shapes the way I interact with other people. I wasn’t sure exactly what he ____26____, but it didn’t matter. I just wanted to try to ____27____ my shock and go back to the way things were before I knew.
But even though I wouldn’t ____28____ acknowledge the news, Asperger’s still destroyed my confidence and made me ____29____ and isolated. I felt like an outcast(被抛弃者)---not just because Asperger’s made it hard for me to make friends, but because now I had this ____30____ . I just wanted to be like everyone else. ____31____, at 16, I said to myself, “Enough! You can’t run and hide from it, girl. Just face it.”
It’s funny, the first time I thought something was ____32____ was not because of what I couldn’t do ---- it was because of what i could do. In the sixth grade, while other kids were ____33____ with spelling, I was like a human spell-checker! I’ve also had a photographic memory, and ____34____ I call my “super powers”---extrasensory hearing and acute awareness: I can ____35____ phone numbers people dial just by the sound the buttons make when pressed or ____36____ hear one sour note in an entire symphony! And I can ____37____ pay attention to two things at once.
Don’t get me wrong. Asperger’s can be very confusing. For years I felt like a butterfly ____38____ in its cocoon(茧),waiting to emerge. It took years of work with a psychologist to ____39____ the difficulty of making friends.
I’m not going to let Asperger’s create ____40____ for me. That’ why I am happy to have found out about and faced my ____41____. Asperger’s is a metaphor(象征) for life: We all have ____42____ , but the key is to be able to have the ____43____ to face what’s bad about them and still find what’s good.
24. A. prevented   B. changed   C. determined   D. improved
25. A. explained    B. realized   C. apologized   D. suspected
26. A. meant    B. predicted   C. concerned   D. doubted
27. A. admit    B. subscribe   C. recognize    D. ignore 
28. A. appropriately   B. consciously   C. previously   D. automatically
29. A. anxious    B. stressed   C. lonely    D. ashamed
30. A. sign    B. symbol   C. label    D. signal
31. A. Consequently  B. Gradually   C. Fortunately   D. Eventually
32. A. unusual    B. specific   C. uncomfortable  D. awkward
33. A. combining    B. exchanging   C.struggling   D. dealing
34. A. that    B. what    C. whom    D. which
35. A. figure out   B. pick out    C. try out    D. make out
36. A. even     B. still     C. ever    D. just
37. A. sensitively   B. fully    C. flexibly   D. firmly
38. A. absorbed   B. buried    C. engaged   D. trapped
39. A. get over    B. knock down  C. take up    D. go through
40. A. surprises   B. limitations   C. opportunities  D. experiences
41. A. failure    B. desperation   C. disability   D. suffering
42. A. talents    B. dreams   C. challenges   D. aims
43. A. ambition   B. courage    C. right    D. attempt
第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Many people travel during the holiday season but do not make sure that their houses and homes ____44____(protect). Crimes go up ____45____(rapid) during the winter an summer holiday seasons. Here are some things that you should keep in mind when you go on holiday.
Always give ____46____(strange) the feeling that you are at home. Have the snow ____47____( clean ) off your stairs or out of your driveway during the winter season. You might aske someone to park his/her car in ____48____(you) driveway.
Tell your newspaper deliverer that you are not at home. ____49____(have) a pile of newspapers and other mail on your doorsteps tells people that you are not at home, so you could also have a neighbore ____50____ a relative get your mail every day.
Fix a timer(定时器) in some of your rooms ____51____ turns lights on and ____52____ during different time of the day. Some TVs also come with a timer that you could set to be turned on during certain time. Have motion(运动) sensitive lights outside your house that keep thieves away ____53____ you are not at home.
第四部分 写作 (满分15分)
    阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。
    With global warming and melting ice, it isn’t easy being a polar bear anymore. Some studies have predicted that polar bears could die out by the end of the century. The good news is not all researchers think the bears are absolutely disappearing. Scientists at the American Museum of Natural History(AMNH) have published a new paper indicating that things might not be as bad for polar bears as some scientists expect.
   To understand the reason for the researchers’ cautious optimism, we must first understand the factors that are threatening the polar bear’s existence. Polar bears consume a diet of mainly young seals. In order to hunt these seals, polar bears need to rest at the top of sea ice---the same ice that is increasingly melting for most of the year thanks to climate change. In another 50 years, experts expect that the Arctic will be too warm for sea ice to form for half of the year, leaving polar bears without a reliable food source and in serious danger of starvation.
  As it turns out, alternative food sources for the polar bears aren’t completely out of the question. For as long as biologists have tailed after the animals, they’ve seen polar bears eating animals found on land like caribou(驯鹿) and snow geese---as well as the snow geese’s eggs.
  Can polar bears actually survive off these alternative food sources for long periods of time? To figure this out, researchers calculated the nutrients that a caribou and snow geese diet would provide. They found that even adult male polar bears would be able to obtain more calories than they would burn in hunting these meals. Moreover, the food would provide the food necessary to avoid starvation during the summer months.
   Unfortunately, not all polar bears have tended to seek food on land. That said, the researchers expect that necessity would push more polar bears to hunt on land to avoid starvation. They also expect that the bears could learn from their fellow bears how to hunt on land until the practice becomes second nature.
 
答案
1-10:ACBBA  CBCBC 
11-18:DA/BCD/BCC
19—23:CEAGF
24—43: BAADB/ CCDAC/BDABD/ABCCB
44. are protected  45. rapidly  46. strangers  47. cleaned  48. your  49. Having  50. or  51. that/which  52. off  53. when /while
参考范文
With global warming and melting ice, some scientists think that polar bears could die out by the end of the century. However, other scientists think that polar bears could die out by the end of the century. However, other scientists don’t think so. They have found polar bars have found alternative food sources and they can survive by hunting animals on land instead of your seals. The researchers expect all polar bears learn how to hunt on land to avoid starvation.

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