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安徽省合肥市第一六八中学2016届高三上学期第四次段考英语试题

合肥市第一六八中学高三上学期第四次段考英语试题
第I卷(共100分)
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话仅读一遍。
1. How does the woman know the new movies?
A. From her friend.          B. From the newspaper.      C. From the Internet.
2. Where are the speakers probably?
A. At home.  B. In a bookstore.   C. In the library.
3. What is the woman looking for?
A. Batteries.      B. Books.         C. Towels.
4. When can the woman get the book?
A. After 5:00 p.m. on Friday.  B. Anytime on the weekend.  C. Monday morning.
5. How did the woman learn about the weather?
A. She checked it online.  
B. She looked outside her window.
C. She watched the weather report on TV.
第二节
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why did the man come to see the woman?
A. To find a job.  B. To drop a class.  C. To contact a professor.
7. What's the most important part of the form?
A. The man's personal details.
B. The man's reason for doing that.  
C. The professor's signature.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Why didn't the man buy any milk today?
A. He forgot to buy it.   
B. The store ran out of milk.
C. He read some negative words about milk.
9. What do we know about the woman?
A. She seldom drinks milk.  
B. Her opinions always change.
C. She doesn't trust those experts.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where is Molly studying?
A. In Chicago.  B. In Paris.  C. In London.
11. How does Molly feel about her professors?
A. They aren't helpful.  B. They are really smart people.  C. They always lose patience easily.
12. What does Molly dislike about her school life?
A. Heavy workload. B. Bad relationship with her roommates.  C. The food at the cafeteria.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What are the speakers mainly discussing?
A. How to run a tea company.
B. The specialty of the man's tea business.
C. The tea industry in general.
14. How are the man's teas different from most other teas?
A. They are mixed with only high-quality teas.
B. Each tea comes from a single source.
C. They are all imported from abroad.
15. What does the man say about the people who grow his tea?
A. They keep their growing process a secret.
B. They only sell their tea to him.   
C. They are paid fairly.
16. How might the man's company be described overall?
A. A small one focused on high-quality tea.
B. A big one making huge profits.
C. A famous one selling inexpensive tea.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What was the speaker like as a child?
A. She loved math.  
B. She was interested in spelling.
C. She was addicted to word games.
18. With whom did the speaker first play the game?
A. Online players.  B. Her classmates.   C. Her family.
19. Why did the speaker quit gaming?
A. She became bored with playing games.
B. She became too involved in the games.
C. She got married and became a mother.
20. What does the speaker do now?
A. She's a student.  B. She's a teacher.   C. She's a babysitter.
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
 Well, parents, surprise! Lots of us are using Twitter and Facebook to find rides, and not just to school. It’s awkward to call a friend and ask for a ride, and half the time they’ll say, “Sorry, my car is full.” But with Twitter, you just tweet #Ashleys Pool Party and look for other people heading the same way.
It may sound risky, but many teens stay within their own social circles to find rides, and don’t branch out beyond friends when asking on Twitter. For me, I only rideshare with people I know, but to some young people, especially those taking longer trips, stranger danger is less of a concern.
The sharing economy got big during the recession(经济衰退). It allows people to access more goods and services using technology, while also allowing them to share cost. And that technology, for me, is what the car was for my mom, a gateway to more freedom.
According to the researchers at the University of Michigan, 30 years ago, eight in ten American 18-year-olds had a driver’s license. Today it’s six in ten. So it’s not that surprising that on my 16th birthday I wasn’t rushing to get a license. All I wanted was an iPhone. Juliet Schor (Sociology professor at Boston College) knows people of my age love being connected and for young people driving means they have to disconnect from their technology, and that’s a negative. So if they could sit in the passenger side and still be connected, that’s going to be a plus.
To me, another plus is ridesharing represents something more than trying to save money. I see it as evidence that people still depend on each other. My generation shares their cars and apartments the way neighbors used to share cups of sugar. For the system to work, some of us still need our own cars. But until I get my own version of the silver Super Beetle, you can find me on Twitter.
21 The writer usually rideshares with _____.
 A. anyone heading the same way   B. people he knows
 C. friends of friends        D. strangers of his age
22. Some young people choose to rideshares instead of driving because _____.
 A. driving means offering free rides to others.
 B. getting a driving license becomes more difficult.
 C. driving one’s own cars causes a negative impression.
 D. driving makes them disconnected from technology.
23. We can conclude from the passage that _____.
 A. the writer rideshares in order to save money
 B. people under 18 are not allowed to drive
 C. people can’t live well without others’ help
 D. the older generation had to fight for freedom
B
Nature is full of color, from rainbows and roses to butterfly wings and peacock tails. Even the fruits and vegetables you eat have different colors: blue blueberries, red strawberries, green broccoli, and orange carrots.
Plant and animals often use color to attract attention. The substances responsible for these colors belong to a class of chemical called antioxidants(抗氧化物). Plants make antioxidant to protect themselves from the sun’s ultraviolet(UV)(紫外线)light.
Ultraviolet light causes chemicals called free radicals(自由基)to form within plant cells. They can destroy parts of plant. Free radicals also have damaging effects on human beings. Some of these effects like wrinkled skin can be seen. The damage is caused by the free radicals attacking cells in our bodies. Certain cancers and heart disease are linked to free radicals.
 Our bodies have natural defences for fighting off free radicals. While we are young, our defences are pretty strong. However, they get weaker as we get older. The body’s built-in defences can only go so far without extra help.
The key to fighting free radicals with fruits and vegetables is to mix and match colors. It’s like sunscreen(防晒霜)for the inside of your body. Go for a range of very bright colors. Colorful foods contain hundreds of healthy chemicals not found anywhere else.
Research into how chemicals in blueberries affect the brain’s function in rats suggests that these chemicals may help our own brains work more efficiently.
Don’t just blame the sun. Ultraviolet light isn’t the only source of free radicals. If you breathe polluted air such as smog, automobile exhaust(废气), or wasted gas from a factory, you take in chemicals that also cause such damage. And, the body itself produces free radicals as it processes food.
24. Which of the following not true?
A. Antioxidants are responsible for plant colors
B. Plants use color to attract attention
C. Antioxidants can protect plants from UV light
D. Antioxidants help free radicals to attack plants
25. In which order do the following facts occur?
a. Wrinkled skin can be seen
b. UV light causes free radicals to form
c. Free radicals damage cells in our bodies
d. The sun gives out UV light
A. a, b, c, d                B. d, b, c, a      C. c, a, d, b         D. d, b, a, c
26. We need extra help for fighting off free radicals from fruits and vegetables because ____.
A. our bodies’ defences are not natural
B. we are too young to defend ourselves
C. our defences get weaker as we get older
D. our bodies’ built-in defences can only go away
27. Which of the following can not cause free radicals to form?
A. Colorful food       B. UV light from the sun   C. Polluted air    D. The body itself
C
The ancient Greek philosopher Plato said, “Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and joy to life and to everything.”
"We know that music brings joy and comfort, and makes us feel happy," Spencer says. "But research has also discovered music plays a powerful role in the mental development of children. Music inspires creativity, imagination and self-expression. It also builds self-respect and is good for memory skills. "
The power of music
Much research supports both Spencer and Plato. A Stanford University study found that musical training improves the way the brain processes the spoken word.
Research from Canada found that children aged four to six years old who had music lessons had better memories, as well as higher ability to read and write and maths levels.
Not in the curriculum (课程)
Research shows it's not that smart kids play music; it's that music makes kids smarter. It  supports Spencer's call for music to be a standard part of the school curriculum, like English and  maths.
“Music is everywhere, but not at 75 per cent of public schools around Australia who don't have a devoted music teacher," Spencer says. "It's sad that many children don't have access to formal musical education, particularly when it has such an effect on a child's development.”
It's up to parents
Involving our children in music doesn't have to be expensive. And many parents give their kids musical exposure subliminally(下意识地), be it through singing, the radio or stereo. But parents can take it to the next level by talking about music and exposing kids to different styles.
For many older children, music is part of their culture and while parents don't have to like it, they can still engage their kids in conversation about it.
Ideally, Spencer would like every child to learn an instrument. “Kids can access cheap instruments like a ukulele, recorder or harmonica," Spencer says. He says the Internet has a lot of free videos which teach you how to play instruments.
"I can't stress enough how important music is," he says. "It builds relationships, unites people and, most importantly, it is fun.”
28.Plato's words are mentioned at the beginning of the text to show that ______.
A. music has magic power       B. everything is related to music
C. Don Spencer admires Plato     D. music was important in ancient time
29. From the research mentioned in the passage, we can learn ______.
A. music can make children smarter
B. children aged four to six have better memories
C. there are no professional music teachers in Australia
D. music is a standard part of the school curriculum in most schools
30. It can be inferred from the last four paragraphs that ______.
A. parents always expose their children to different music
B. parents cannot talk about music with their older children
C. musical instruments are often expensive and not available
D. people can have easy access to leaning how to play instruments
31. What might be the best title for the passage?
A. When Music Is Taught   B. Why Music Matters
C. What We Learn from Music D. How Children Learn Music
D
They are most likely to be healthy, wealthy and wise, according to the old saying.
But those who are early to bed and early to rise do not always have the upper hand, researchers say. They have revealed that night owls are generally brighter and wealthier than those able to get up early in the morning.
Experts from the University of Madrid carried out tests on around 1,000 teenagers and found that those who preferred to stay up late demonstrated the kind of intelligence associated with honored jobs and higher incomes. ‘Larks or ‘morning people’, however, often acquired better exam results, possibly because lessons are held at the wrong time of day for night owls. The researchers examined the habits and body clocks of the youngsters to determine whether they liked to stay up late and sleep in later in the morning, or preferred to go to bed early and were at their peak in the morning. School performance and inductive (归纳的) intelligence, or problem solving, were measured and academic grades in the major subjects were also taken into account. The results showed that evening types scored higher than morning types on inductive reasoning, which has been shown to be a good estimate of general intelligence and a strong indicator of academic performance. They also had a greater capacity to think conceptually as well as analytically. Such abilities have been linked to innovative thinking, more admired occupations and better incomes.
Famous night owls include President Obama, Charles Darwin, Winston Churchill, Keith Richards and Elvis Presley. George W Bush, who is regularly in bed by 10pm, Thomas Edison, Napoleon, Condoleezza Rice, who wakes at 4.30am, and Ernest Hemingway are among those known as larks. Jim Horne, professor of psychophysiology at Loughborough University, said: ‘Evening types tend to be the more active and creative types, the poets, artists and inventors, while the morning types are the deducers (推断者), as are often seen with civil servants and accountants.’ A previous study of US Air Force recruits found evening types were much better at thinking laterally (横向) to solve problems than larks.
32. The underlined word “owl” in the text means:__________
A. A bird of prey that flies at night    
B. A bird of prey that is a symbol of wisdom   
C. A kind of person who stays up late 
D. A kind of person who gets up early
33. The following features belong to night owls except that _______.
A. Night owls are much healthier, wealthier and wiser
B. Night owls have a strong ability to reason logically
C. Night owls are expert in analyzing and innovative thinking
D. Night owls stay up late and sleep later in the morning
34. What’s the author’s attitude towards night owls?
A. Skeptical.       B. Negative.     C. Subjective.    D. Objective.
35. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. The early bird will catch the worm.
B. Morning types have a tendency to do some creative jobs.
C. Night owls usually do poorer in the examinations than larks.
D. President Obama and George W Bush are models of night owls.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。  
A lot of students around the world have to wear uniforms every day, but dress codes are not the same in every country. 36._______
    Not all children like to wear uniforms in their everyday life. When I was a school girl, I had to wear a uniform. It was a dark brown dress with a black apron. I couldn’t wear anything else. All the girls in my country had to wear this uniform. 37.______
    I remember how I hated to put on my uniform every morning. I couldn’t even use colorful hairpins because colorful things were prohibited. All the pupils looked the same, and nobody liked that uniform.
    My friends and I talked about it very often. 38.______ All we wanted was to feel comfortable and to be different from other children.
    Nowadays, the dress code in my country has changed. There are no more uniforms. 39.______ For example, my younger brother, who is a high school student, now likes to wear jeans because they are comfortable, and he doesn’t want to change back to a uniform.
    However, the government now wants to make a new dress for schools and require uniforms again. Fortunately, the new uniform is supposed to be less formal than the old one.
    40._______ If children prefer to wear colorful clothes, adults should permit them to do so. Kids have to enjoy going to school. That is why everything has to be done to make pupils feel comfortable at school.
A. For boys, it was a dark blue suit.
B. Wearing a uniform has a special meaning for students.
C. They depend on the culture and traditions of each country.
D. Caring too much about how they dress shouldn’t be a big concern for students.
E. We imagined how we would dress if there were no uniforms.
F. Children can dress whatever they like.
G. In my opinion, it is good idea to have a freestyle dress code.
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
   Once there was a very poor and devoted woman who always prayed to God, asking very little, if anything for herself. But she would love to prepare a special 41._______ and have God share at her table. And God 42._______ her invitation.
   She prepared a banquet and waited 43.________. Soon there was a 44._______ on the door, and when she opened it, there stood an old beggar asking for something to eat. She invited him in. He 45.______ all the food, thanked his hostess and left.
   Though slightly 46._______, she prepared another meal, awaiting the arrival of God. A few hours later, an old Gypsy woman with no teeth knocked at the door, insisting that any true believer in God would not 47._______ her something to eat. Though lack of money, she let the woman in. The Gypsy ate everything, did not even 48._______ the woman and left without closing the door.
   Now without 49._______, she hurried to town with a little silver cup that had been in her family for several generations, but she was willing to 50._______ with it to share a meal with God.
   Late in the night she 51.______ home to prepare yet a third meal. She waited and waited until, once more, there was a knock on the door. Holding her 52._______, she slowly opened the door to find a wandering monk, 53._______ a meal.
   Again, she received him 54._______. This man also ate all that was set on the table and left after 55._______the woman for her kindness.
   Now it was too 56._______, with no way to buy any more food and no more money with which to buy it. She went 57._______ on her knees, weeping such heart-broken tears. She asked God 58.______ she had done wrong and why had he not come to share at the table as he had promised. And God, lifted the woman off her 59.______, held her close to his heart, and said, “ My child, I 60._______ your hospitality so much that I came three times!”
41. A. meal    B. gift    C. seat    D. promise
42. A. accepted   B. refused   C. checked    D. received
43. A. urgently    B. patiently   C. desperately  D. officially
44. A. noise    B. beat    C. knock    D. note
45. A. finished    B. cooked    C. completed  D. wasted
46. A. amused    B. disappointed   C. amazed    D. alarmed
47. A. offer    B. send    C. deny    D. show
48. A. notice    B. recognize    C. thank    D. criticize
49. A. money    B. luck   C. courage   D. strength
50. A. meet    B. break   C. fill   D. part
51. A. rushed    B. went    C. came    D. approached
52. A arms    B. breath   C. anger    D. tears
53. A. in search of  B. in face of    C. in charge of  D. in front of
54. A. coldly    B. differently    C. slightly    D. warmly
55. A. blaming    B. blessing    C. accusing   D. complaining
56. A. cold    B. hot    C. late    D. quiet
57. A .up    B. in    C. down   D. through
58. A. why    B. how    C. that    D. what
59. A .knees    B. hands    C. feet    D. legs
60. A. disliked   B. observed    C. experienced  D. enjoyed
第Ⅱ卷(共50分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
One day, a rich old man 61.____________(invite) to dinner by his friend. He did not know what to do with the wine and meat he had just bought. And 62.___________ (evidence), he didn’t trust his servant. He finally had an idea. He called over the servant, saying, “I’ll be away for the whole evening and leave you to attend 63.________ the house. In the cupboard, there are two bottles of poison. You’ll be killed if you take even a drop of it. There is also some meat in the kitchen, 64.________ it is old and rotten. It’s for the dog. Take care of everything.”
The moment the rich man left home, the servant opened the cupboard and began to enjoy all the nice things in it. He 65.____________(empty) the two bottles of wine and ate up everything he could find in the cupboard. With great 66.___________(satisfy), he soon fell asleep. The old man didn’t return home until midnight. He looked in the cupboard only to find all his wine and food 67.__________(go). He was so mad that he called the servant over to him. The servant said 68.________ the old man could open his mouth, “Oh, Master. While you were away, the neighbor’s cat broke into our kitchen and ate up everything. I knew you would be  angry with me, so I drank the two bottles of poison to kill 69._________. Please don’t be angry with a 30._________(die) man. ”
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1、每处错误极其修改均仅限一词;
      2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear editor,
   Recently students of our school have made the survey of “Views on Newspapers”. The people interviewed held two different opinions. 45% of them enjoy reading newspapers. First of all, as a convenient source of information, reading newspapers is not limited by time. Additional, reading also makes people to think, which helps develop people’s intelligence. Moreover, people can read whatever section they are interested.
   However, 55% of the people don’t turn to newspapers for many information. They hold the idea that newspapers don’t catch people’s eyes because they lack the sound and video what make other sources of information more exciting. What’s more, readers receive information from newspapers late than from the internet and TV.
   Personally, people can make use of whatever means to gather information as long as it’s convenient for us.
Yours,
Li Hua
第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,下面四幅图描述了你周末生活方式变化的经过。请根据图片的先后顺序,为校刊“英语园地”写一篇100字左右的短文,并简单发表你对这种变化的看法。
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
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合肥一六八中学高三第四次段考试卷答案
听力
1—5 ACACC  6—10BBCCA  11—15BCBBC   16—20AAABB

阅读
21-23 BDC    24-27: DBCA   28-31 AADB   32-35:CADC

七选五
CAEFG

完型填空
41-45AABCA  46-50BCCAD   51-55ABADB   56-60CCDAD

语法填空
61. was invited    62. evidently    63. to       64. but/and     65. emptied
66. satisfaction    67. gone       68. before    69. myself       70. dying

改错
1.  the → a
2.  held→hold
3.  Additional→Additionally
4.  删掉to
5.  interested∧  in
6.  many→much
7.  eyes→eye
8.  what→that/which
9.  late→later
10.  us→them
书面表达(略)

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