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浙江省杭二中高一下学期期中考试英语试卷

杭州二中2015学年第二学期高一年级期中考英语试卷  2016. 4
本试卷分为第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共100分,考试时间90分钟。

第I卷 (共65分)
第一部分: 听力 (共两节,满分15分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有l0秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.  What does the man advise the woman to do?
 A. Collect her books.  B. Throw out her books.  C. Give away her books.
2. When does the woman want to go to the museum?
 A. Right after breakfast.  B. After her mother leaves. C. Before she goes shopping.
3. What does the man actually think of Twitter?
 A. Incorrect.   B. Modern.   C. Out-of-date.
4. What is the woman trying to do?
 A. Create a game.   B. Send an email.  C. Strengthen her memory.
5. What are the speakers talking about?
 A. A photo.    B. The man’s brother.  C. The woman’s hair.

第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
 听下面4段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6.  Who is the man waiting for?
 A. His girlfriend.   B. His sister.   C. His wife.
7.  Where does this conversation most likely take place?
 A. At a concert.   B. At a cinema.   C. At a railway station.
听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。
8.  Why did the woman call the man?
 A. To cancel a booking.  B. To make a reservation.  C. To change her trip.
9.  When is the woman likely to be free?
 A. In February.   B. In March.   C. In half a year.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.  Why is the woman moving?
 A. To save money.   B. To build a career.  C. To escape cold weather.
11.  What happened to the clubs in San Francisco?
 A. They were burned down.  B. They were pulled down. C. They were turned into restaurants.
12.  What is the woman’s dream?
 A. Becoming famous.  B. Getting married.  C. Attending performances.

听第9段材料,回答第13至15题。
13.  What attracts most tourists to Mexico City?
 A. Delicious food.   B. Various activities.  C. Colorful nightlife.
14.  Why does the speaker mainly suggest walking around?
 A. To do shopping.   B. To kill time.   C. To talk with people.
15.  What is the purpose of this talk?
 A. To inform students of the city. B. To encourage people to visit. C. To introduce a different culture.

第二部分:语言运用(共三节,满分30分)
第一节:词汇单选(共10个小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)
16. Scientists have found that heavy drinking can cause _______ brain damage in teenagers, which may never recover.
 A. permanent  B. addicted  C. obvious  D. diverse
17. State leaders joined the discussions with the country’s political advisors yesterday, calling for efforts to  _______ the global financial crisis (危机).
 A. try out for  B. stick with  C. blow away  D. pull through
18. China can _______ a global role in improving public health by sharing some of its vaccines (疫苗) with other developing countries.
 A. take effect B. fix up  C. take on  D. pile up
19. Vice-Premier Li Keqiang said that more effort should be made to save land and _______ in order to reduce consumption (消耗) and improve the efficiency (效益) of the economy.
 A. conflicts  B. resources   C. agencies    D. expenses
20. A man named Daredevil Nik Wallenda _______ his lifelong dream and became the first person to walk across Niagara Falls on a high wire.
 A. possessed B. contributed  C. fulfilled  D. charged
21. Carrying a plastic shopping bag is quite normal in China, but in Rwanda it’s illegal. Such an act will _______.
 A. get along well with it    B. get you in hot water
 C. get the hang of it     D. get you across the river
22. Could you please make a move? You’re throwing a _______ on my book so I can’t see the words clearly.
 A. block   B. bond   C. title    D. shadow
23. Signs of “Bus Only, 7:00-9:00, 16:30-18:30” are painted in white to prevent vehicles from using the bus _______ during rush hours every day.
 A. lanes   B. pavement  C. system   D. station
24. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) once expressed concern over Rio’s ability to build all the           necessary _______ for the 2016 Summer Olympics in time.
 A. appliances B. facilities  C. tools    D. devices
25. The director was facing a lot of doubts. In _______, he simply posted on weibo calling on people to concern more about his movies.
 A.  practice  B. response  C. turn   D. theory

第二节:完形填空(共15个小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
A woman named Emily renewing her driver’s license at the County Clerk’s office was asked to state her occupation. She __26__, uncertain how to classify herself.
“What I mean is,” explained the recorder, “do you have a job, or are you just a …”
“__27__ I have a job,” said Emily. “I’m a mother.”
“We don’t list ‘mother’ as an occupation… ‘housewife’ __28__ it,” said the recorder.
One day I found myself in the same __29__. The clerk was obviously a career woman, efficient, confident and possessed of a high sounding title like, “Official Interrogator” or “Town Registrar. ” “What is your occupation?” she asked.
Somehow, the words simply __30__. “I’m a Research Associate in the field of Child Development and Human Relations.”
The clerk paused, ballpoint pen __31__ in midair, and looked up as though she had not heard right.
I repeated the __32__ slowly, then I stared __33__ as my statement was written in bold, black ink on the official questionnaire.
“Might I ask,” said the clerk with new interest, “just what you do in this field?”
__34__, without any trace of panic in my voice, I heard myself reply, “I have a continuing program of research (what mother doesn’t), in the lab and in the field (normally I __35__ indoors and out). Of course, the job is one of the most demanding in the humanities (any mother care to disagree?), and I often work 14 hours a day (24 is more like __36__), but rewards are more of a satisfaction __37__  just money.”
There was an increasing __38__ of respect in the clerk’s voice as she completed the form, stood up, and showed me out.
As I drove into our driveway, buoyed up (受鼓舞) by my glamorous new career, I was greeted by my lab assistants-- ages 13, 7, and 3. Upstairs I could hear our new experimental model (a 6 month old baby), in the child-development program, __39__ a new vocal pattern.
I felt proud! I had gone on the official records as someone more distinguished and indispensable (不可缺少的) to mankind than “just another mother.”
Motherhood…What a glorious career! __40__ when there’s a title on the door.
26. A. doubted   B. interrupted   C. hesitated   D. admired  
27. A. Above all  B. Of course  C. In reality   D. For example  
28. A. covers  B. lists   C. replaces  D. means  
29. A. office   B. way    C. lab    D. situation
30. A. mixed up  B. faded away  C. spread about   D. popped out 
31. A. frozen   B. shaking  C. dropped  D. flying 
32. A. career   B. title    C. field   D. question
33. A. with anger B. in despair  C. with wonder  D. in curiosity 
34. A. Fortunately  B. Excitedly   C. Obviously   D. Coolly
35. A. would have said B. dare say  C. must have said D. could say 
36. A. them   B. it   C. one   D. others 
37. A. other than  B. together with   C. rather than  D. instead of  
38. A. note  B. sound  C. amount  D. praise 
39.  A. accounting for B. getting away with  C. testing out  D. playing jokes on
40.  A. Certainly B. Unexpectedly  C. Usually  D. Especially
 
第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共11个小题;每小题2分,满分22分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A
Etymology, the study of words and word roots, may sound like the kind of thing done by boring librarians in small, dusty rooms. Yet etymologists actually have a uniquely interesting job. They are in many ways just like archaeologists (考古学家) digging up the physical history of people and events. The special aspect of etymology is that it digs up history, so to speak, through the words and phrases that are left behind.
The English language, in particular, is a great field to explore history through words. As a language, English has an extraordinary number of words. This is partly due to its ability to adapt foreign words so readily. For example, “English” words such as kindergarten (from German), croissant (from French), and cheetah (from Hindi) have become part of the language with little or no change from their original sounds and spellings. So English-language etymologists have a vast world of words to explore.
Another enjoyable thing about etymology for most word experts is solving word mysteries (谜). No, etymologists do not go around solving murders, like the great detective Sherlock Holmes. What these word experts solve are mysterious origins of some of our most common words.
One of the biggest questions English language experts have pursued is how English came to have the phrase OK. Though it is one of the most commonly used expressions, its exact beginning is a puzzle even to this day. Even its spelling is not entirely consistent-- unless you spell it Okay, it is hard even to call it a word.
Etymologists have been able to narrow OK’s origin down to a likely, although not certain, source (来源). It became widely used around the time of Martin Van Buren’s run for president in 1840. His nickname was Old Kinderhook. What troubles word experts about this explanation is that the phrase appeared in some newspapers before Van Buren became well known. It is likely that Van Buren could be called its primary source. Etymologists will doubtlessly keep searching for the original source. However, it is clear that OK’s popularity and reputation have topped those of the American president to whom it has been most clearly linked.
41.  The author mentions the words like “croissant” in Paragraph 2 to show _______. 
 A. words have changed a lot in the two languages
 B. what English-language etymologists are exploring now
 C. English has absorbed many words from other foreign languages
 D. the English vocabulary is difficult to the non-English-speaking people
42.   The underlined word “pursued” in Paragraph 4 means _______.
A. looked upon B. dug up  C. put in  D. set down
43.    We can learn from the passage that etymologists _______.
A. discover the possible origin of words 
B. help detectives to solve mysterious murders
C. write interesting stories for some newspapers
D. explore the English language as well as the recent events
44.  What most probably is the major purpose of the passage?
A. To present the history of English words.
B. To explain what an etymologist does for his job.
C. To introduce the pleasure of the study of words and word roots.
D. To teach readers how to tell English words from non-English words.
B
You might notice something new in the next few years as you watch Disney programs: Starting in 2015, there won’t be any candy, sugary cereal or fast-food commercials (广告)  aimed at kids.
The Walt Disney Company has become the first major media company to ban ads for junk food on its TV channels, radio stations and websites. It hopes this will stop kids from making poor food choices. First Lady Michelle Obama called it a “game changer” that is sure to send a message to the rest of the children’s entertainment industry. “Just a few years ago, if you had told me or any other mom or dad in America that our kids wouldn’t see a single ad for junk food while they watched their favorite cartoons on a major TV network, we wouldn’t have believed you, ” said the First Lady, who heads a campaign to help stop child obesity (肥胖).
The ban would apply to Disney-owned ABC stations as well as Radio Disney and Disney-owned websites aimed at families with young children. In addition, Disney plans to make changes to its kids’ menus at theme parks and resorts (度假胜地). Fast-food options will be replaced with healthier choices, such as smoothies (果汁), apples, vegetables and yogurt.
In addition to candy bars and fast-food meals, other foods that don’t meet Disney’s nutritional standards will be banned from the company’s kid-targeted media. Any cereal with 10 grams or more of sugar per serving will be off the air. There will be no ads for full meals of more than 600 calories. Juices with high levels of sugar and foods with too much salt will also be pulled.
Leslie Goodman, Disney’s senior vice-president of Corporate Citizenship, said a company that wants to advertise will need to show that it offers a range of healthy options.
Disney isn’t the only one pushing away unhealthy foods. Last week, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg suggested a ban on drinks over 16 ounces sold in movie theaters, restaurants and convenience stores in the Big Apple. He says large, sugary drinks are partly to blame for obesity.
45. What will the Walt Disney Company do from 2015?
 A. Produce more and better cartoons for young kids.
 B. Help kids develop healthy lifestyle in the program.
 C. Stop broadcasting advertisements for junk food on TV.
 D. Provide healthier food for kids while they are watching programs.
46. What Michelle Obama said suggests that while watching cartoons, _______.
 A. kids didn’t believe what the commercials said
 B. kids enjoy eating candy, sugary cereal or junk food
 C. kids find pleasure in watching fast-food commercials
 D. kids were to see a lot of fast-food commercials on TV
47. According to Michael Bloomberg, to fight child obesity, kids should _______.
 A. watch fewer cartoons                     B. drink less sugary drinks
 C. not go to movie theaters                 D. take more physical exercise  
C
One morning, I stepped out of bed and put my feet on the floor. Suddenly, a mean little man jumped out from under the bed and stabbed (刺,扎) an ice pick (碎冰锥) through my left foot.
Figuratively (比喻地) speaking, yes.
I took another step and he stabbed it again. This went on all day. Step, stab, scream. Over the next few days, I started limping (跛行). My whole body hurt. Even my hair. I kept thinking that the little man would get tired of stabbing me and go pick on somebody else. We often take things for granted until we lose them or they start to hurt.
My brother deals with pain every day. He’s also blind and suffers from cerebral palsy (脑瘫), needs a walker to walk, doesn’t take much for granted. I had to wonder: What would he think about my foot?
Finally, after a week of pain, I went to see a very nice foot doctor. The doctor studied my foot, took X-rays, shook his head, and said the little man’s name: Arthur Itis, or Arthritis (关节炎).
I knew it well. I’d often heard it hissed angrily by my grandparents and parents, all attacked by Arthur’s ice pick when they got older.
“Wait,” I said. “Doesn’t Arthur usually just pick on old people?”
The doctor smiled, looking at my chart. “How old are you?”
I gave him a look. “Never mind,” I said. “Can you fix it?”
“Well,” he said, “we can try.”
He listed several options and I chose the injection (打针). It didn’t hurt much. Not half as much as the ice pick.
That was yesterday. This morning, I awoke, took a few careful steps and … hallelujah! It hurt just a bit, but no ice pick. I looked under the bed. No sign of Arthur. Maybe he was hiding in the closet, waiting for another day. But for now, he was gone, and I was grateful. My mind began to race with plans to do all the things I’d been putting off for days: unpack, clean the house, wash my hair …
Then it hit me. Another stab. Not in my foot. In my heart. I remembered that I hadn’t called my brother in a long time.
It’s easy to take some things for granted. But it should never be the people we love.
48. Why didn’t the author go to see the doctor for the first week?
 A. Because she was afraid that her brother would laugh at her.
 B. Because she thought it was too cold to step out of her room.
 C. Because she expected that the pain would gradually disappear.
 D. Because she believed that she could endure the pain like her brother did.
49.  Who had a disease that was different from the other people mentioned?
 A. The author. B. The author’s brother. C. The author’s parents. D. The author’s grandparents.
50.  After having the injection, the author’s _______.
 A. felt regretful because it hurt so much
B. was first satisfied with her recovery
C. felt better but could still feel the “ice pick” pain
D. was busy with housework that had been delayed for days
51. From her experience of arthritis, the author learned that _______.
A. a stabbing pain in the heart is as painful as one in the foot
B. people who help us relieve pain should be thanked properly
C. we should always remember to show our love to those we love
D. we should never take for granted the pain we experience in life

第二节(共4个小题;每小题2分,满分8分)
 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance, the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice, people seem to say, but not important. Too often it is viewed as entertainment, but certainly not an education priority (优先). This view is shortsighted. __52__
Music tells us who we are, because music is an expression of the beings who create it. It reflects their thinking and values, as well as the social environment it came from. Rock music represents a lifestyle just as surely as does a Schubert song. The jazz influence is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions. Music expresses our character and values. __53__
Music provides a kind of perception (感知) that cannot be acquired any other way. __54__ The arts explore the emotive (情感的) meaning of the same phenomenon. We need every possible way to discover and respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason: No one way can get it all.
The arts are forms of thought as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols. They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears, our curiosities, our hungers, our discoveries, our hopes. They are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others. When we do not give children access to an important way of expressing themselves such as music, we take away from them the meanings that music expresses.
__55__

A. It gives us identity as a society.
B. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets.
C. They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other.
D. Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human.
E. In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students.
F. So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize.
注意:52-55题在机读卡上相应填涂为61-64题!

第II卷 (共35分)
注意:将答案写在答卷上。写在本试卷上无效。
第二部分:语言运用(共三节,满分30分)
第三节:语法填空(共10个小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
April begins with a day of fun and jokes-- April Fool’s Day. On April 1 each year, classmates tie each other’s shoelaces to their chairs, and teachers hand out impossibly difficult surprise tests that scare students before they __56__ it’s only a joke. __57__ media we have always trusted makes fun __58__ us. Let’s take a look at two of the hilarious (滑稽的) tricks that __59__ (play), and have a laugh!
Edison’s Magic Machine: After Thomas Edison invented the phonograph (留声机) in 1877, there seemed to be nothing __60__ (stop) him from saving the whole world. And that’s __61__ (exact) what the New York Graphic newspaper claimed (声明) on April 1, 1878, when it announced that the genius (天才) __62__ (invent) a machine that could convert (转变) soil directly into cereal, and water into wine.
Swiss spaghetti: On April 1, 1957, the BBC decided to play a trick on its __63__ with a story on the Swiss spaghetti crop that was having a great year. __64__ (show) farmers picking the pasta from trees, the BBC also advised viewers on __65__ to grow their own spaghetti garden.

第四部分:基础知识(共两节,满分15分)
第一节:单词拼写(共9个小题;每小题1分,满分9分)
66. After nearly 20 hours in the operating room (手术室), the e_________ mother smiled when she heard the cry of her newborn baby.
67. After finishing the work in the garden, she l_________ flat on her back in the warm sunshine enjoyably.
68. It is not good m_________ to disturb (打扰) others when they are occupied/busy with their work.
69. When did the world come into e_________? It still remains a mystery.
70. Some stores will give 5 percent d_________ for payment in cash.
71. Deeply moved by her performance, the audience all stood up and applauded with a_________.
72. It was only after his wife left him that he realized that how much he r_________ on her.
73. The Yellow Emperor and Yan Emperor are believed to be the a_________ of our Chinese people.
74. He always a_________ great importance to leaving behind unnecessary items to live simple.
第二节:课文填空(共6个空格;每空格1分,满分6分)
75. What it was to become was uncertain until between 4.5 and 3.8 billion years ago when the dust  _______________ a solid globe.
76. It was not immediately obvious that water _______________ to the development of life.
77. So whether life will continue on the earth for millions of _______________ will depend on whether this problem can be solved.
78. The fish are not sharks or killer whales, but favourite eating varieties like cod and skate which grow to _______________, sometimes as much as twelve feet in length.
79. He said that someone might be spying on the station and the pilot was ordered to _______________ the strange object.
80. Those who failed to get in _______________ disappointed, as many of the artistes who should have appeared did not come.

第五部分:应用文写作(满分10分)
校学生会委托你向来访我校的意大利师生介绍高一选修课 (optional course)开设情况,以便随后带他们旁听你的一节选修课。请准备一个简要的发言稿,内容包括:
1. 高一共开设50门选修课,包括音乐欣赏、西方艺术等;
2. 每个学生每学期选修两门,分别在星期一和星期二下午;
3. 简单介绍自己的一门选修课。
注意:
1.词数80左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

 Welcome to our school! I’m honored to give you a brief introduction about the optional courses for Grade 1students in our school.  _______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________
 Now, please follow me into my classroom.

杭州二中2015学年第二学期高一年级期中考英语参考答案

第一部分: 听力(共两节,每小题1分,满分15分)
1-5 CBCCA 6-10 CBACB 11-15 BABAB

第二部分:语言运用(共三节,满分30分)
第一节:词汇单选(共10个小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)
16-20  ADCBC  21-25 BDABB

第二节:完形填空(共15个小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
26-30 CBADD  31-35  ABCDA  36-40 BCACD

第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,每小题2分,满分30分)
41-44 CBAC  45-47 CDB  48-51 CBBC  52-55  EABF
第三节:语法填空(共10个小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
56. realize  57. Even   58.  of     59. have been played /were played  60. stopping   61. exactly    62. had invented  63. audience/ listeners/viewers   
64. Showing    65. how

第四部分:基础知识(共两节,满分15分)
第一节:单词拼写(共9个小题;每小题1分,满分9分)
66. exhausted  67. lay  68. manners  69. existence 70. discount
71. admiration 72. relied 73. ancestors  74. attaches 

第二节:课文填空(共6个空格;每空格1分,满分6分)
75. settled into   76. was to be fundamental 77. years to come  
78. unnatural sizes  79. keep track of   80. need not have felt

第五部分:应用文写作(满分10分)
One possible version:
Welcome to our school! I’m honored to give you a brief introduction about the optional courses for Grade 1students in our school. In total, there are 50 optional courses for us to choose from, including Advanced science, Music Appreciation, Western Art, etc. Every term, each student can select two courses after applying online first. Every Monday and Tuesday afternoon, we will go to different classrooms to attend the optional courses. The course that I’m going  to take today is my favorite, Music Appreciation, which provides us with 90 minutes of enjoyment. Thanks to the optional courses, we have the opportunities to learn what we are really interested in outside the regular classes.    (90 words)
Now, please follow me into my classroom.

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