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上海市奉贤区2017届高三下学期4月调研测试英语试卷

2016学年第二学期奉贤区调研测试
高三英语试卷 (201704)

考生注意:
1. 考试时间120分钟,试卷满分140分。
2. 本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。所有答題必须涂(选择题)或写(非选择题)在答题纸上,做在试卷上一律不得分。
3. 答題前,务必在答題纸上填写准考证号和姓名,并将核对后的条形码貼在指定位置上,在答題纸反面清楚地填写姓名。

I. Listening Comprehension
Section A
Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1. A. At 10:00. B. At 10:10. C. At 10:20.   D. At 10:30.  

2. A. On a boat trip. B. In a cinema. C. At the beach. D. At the restaurant.

3. A. Plan her budget carefully. B. Buy a gift for her mother.
C. Give him more information.   D. Ask someone else for suggestions. 

4. A. Doctor and patient. B. Customer and salesgirl.
C. Man and wife. D. Customer and waitress. 

5. A. Stressed. B. Dissatisfied C. Bored D. Exhausted

6.A. Fine her for breaking the traffic regulation. B. Teach her how to drive in the one-way street.
C. Show her the way to the police station. D. Let her go without any punishment.

7. A. The kids went to see a movie. B. The kids were happy.
C. The children changed the plan. D. The woman broke her promise.
8. A. She didn’t feel well. B. She went dancing early.
C. She came down to go dancing. D. She got mad at the woman.

9. A. Loud.           B. boring. C. Funny.            D. Exciting.

10. A. He is not surprised at the woman’s playing at a concert tomorrow.
   B. He won’t give the woman a surprise at the concert tomorrow.
C. He understands the woman’s nervous feeling and thinks it normal.
D. He will also play at the concert tomorrow with the woman.

Section B
Directions:  In Section B, you will hear two short passages and one longer conversation, and you will be asked questions on each of them. The passages and conversation will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. There are too many people and cars around you.
   B. The taxi driver talks to you all the time.
   C. Singers or sports announcers tell you what you should be careful about in person.
   D. The voice of a famous person gives you warning messages.

12. A. More than 12,000. B. Over 15,000.
C. About 11,000. D. Less than 10,000.
 
13. A. The passengers won’t fasten the seat belt.
   B. The passengers will complain.
   C. The driver will be punished financially.
  D. The driver will be awarded $100.
     
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news.
14. A. Pink.         B. Green.         C. Purple.             D. White.    

15. A. Recycling is compulsory.
   B. Most recycling programs don’t succeed in that people don’t want to deliver rubbish.
   C. The primary work of the volunteers is to collect and sort rubbish to the same center.
   D. The volunteers will devote six hours a week to dealing with rubbish.   

16. A. To explain why recycling is important.
   B. To describe the recycling program.  
   C. To discuss whether or not recycling should be compulsory.
   D. To tell people how to tell different sorts of rubbish cans apart.  

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
17. A. A pilot. B. A nurse. C. An airhostess. D. A language teacher.

18. A. She is fluent in English. B. She likes dealing with people.
C. Flying in the sky is her dream. D. She is keen on travelling.

19. A. Friendly but timid. B. Beautiful and easy-going.
C. Open-minded and flexible. D. Imaginative and warm-hearted.

20. A. The woman is nearsighted.
   B. The result of the interview was announced right after it was finished.
   C. The woman sometimes hesitates to express her dislike for others’ behaviours.
   D. One’s height is not required for the job.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A
Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

Loving Life in Moosonee
    Born in Moose Factory Island, located about 12 miles inland from the James Bay coastline in northern Ontario, I spent my early childhood years in nearby Moose River Crossing. Our family returned to Moose Factory later, so my siblings(兄弟姐妹)and I could continue our education, (21)______ the local school had been closed down.
Moose River Crossing is situated along the only railroad track in Canada that reaches all the way up to the northern community of Moosonee, Ont., which later(22)______ (become) — and still is — my true hometown.
    (23)______ my siblings and I were growing up, I always sensed something was missing in my life, (24)_________ fundamental to my very identity, to who I was and where I came from. Over the years, I began to learn more(25)______ my Native culture, the history and our way of life. Then, in 2009, I met a man who later became my husband.(26)______(be) an ambassador of the land and a hunter, my husband taught me how to hunt, fish, set nets, snare rabbits, make a fire in the rain, read the weather and drive a boat. Even after having lived in Moosonee for 26 years, I had never experienced and learned so much on the land and the mighty Moose River,(27)______ the sunsets are breathtakingly beautiful, as I did in the relatively short time I’ve known my husband.
    I am so thankful and proud(28)_____(give) the opportunity to lead this kind of lifestyle, which someday will be passed on to my grandchildren.
Today, I continue to trace my roots and try to live my life according to them. I have also been back to Moose River Crossing after being away for many years. My older sister and only brother, both hunters, along with a few nephews and nieces, continue to carry on the traditions of our ancestors in Moose River Crossing.
    Every year, our family gathers for a spring hunt, mainly geese and ducks. In summertime, we go fishing and, in the fall, we head out hunting. In addition to (29)_______(add) to our foods for the year, these excursions are (30)________ our family stories and recollections are shared the most. And there are plenty of stories to go around, all of which are close to my heart and a big part of who I am today.

Section B
Direction: Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
A. offline     B. flashed      C. momentary   D. processing     E.  response   
F. correctly    G. dropped     H. visual      I. limits    J. distracting    K. immediately

Making a Mistake Can Put Your Brain on ‘Pause’
Mistakes can be learning opportunities, but the brain needs time for lessons to sink in.
When facing fast decisions, even the    31    distraction of noting an error can decrease accuracy on the next choice, researchers report in the March 15 Journal of Neuroscience.
“We have a brain region that monitors and says ‘you messed up’ so that we can correct our behavior,” says psychologist George Buzzell, now at the University of Maryland in College Park.  But sometimes, that monitoring system can backfire,    32    us from the task at hand and causing us to make another error. 
“There does seem to be a little bit of time for people, after mistakes, where you’re sort of     33   ,” says Jason Moser, a psychologist at Michigan State University, who wasn’t part of the study.
To test people’s    34    to making mistakes, Buzzell and colleagues at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., monitored 23 participants’ brain activity while they worked through a challenging task. Concentric(同心的)circles    35    briefly on a screen, and participants had to respond with one hand if the two circles were the same color and the other hand if the circles were slightly different shades.
After making a mistake, participants generally answered the next question correctly if they had a second or so to recover. But when the next challenge came very quickly after an error, as little as 0.2 seconds, accuracy    36    by about 10 percent. Electrical activity recorded from the    37   cortex(大脑皮层)showed that participants paid less attention to the next experiment if they had just made a mistake than if they had responded    38   .
The cognitive demand of noting and   39   the error seems to divert attention that would otherwise be devoted to the task, Buzzell says.
In real life, people usually have time — even if just a few seconds — to reflect on a mistake before having to make another decision. But in some activities such as driving a car or playing a musical instrument, people must rebound from errors quickly while continuing to correctly carry out the rest of the task. Those actions might push the    40    of error processing.
 
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A
Direction: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Robots’ Intelligence
As Artificial Intelligence (AI) becomes increasingly complicated, there are growing concerns that robots could become a threat. This danger can be    41   , according to computer science professor Stuart Russell if we figure out how to turn human    42    into a programmable code.
    Russell argues that as robots take on more complicated tasks, it’s necessary to translate our morals into AI language.    43    , if a robot does chores around the house, you wouldn’t want it to put the pet cat in the oven to make dinner for the    44    children. “You would want that robot    45    with a good set of values,” said Russell.
    Some robots are already programmed with basic human values. For example, mobile robots have been programmed to keep a    46    distance from humans. Obviously there are cultural differences, but if you were talking to another person and they came up close in your personal space, you wouldn’t think that’s the kind of thing a    47    brought-up person would do.
It will be possible to    48     more complicated moral machines, if only we can find a way to set out human values as clear rules. Robots could also learn values from drawing patterns from large sets of data on human behavior. They are dangerous only if programmers are    49  .
The biggest    50    with robots going against human values is that human beings fail to do sufficient testing and they’ve produced a system that will    51    some kind of taboo(禁忌). One simple check would be to program a robot to check the correct course of action with a human when presented with a(n)    52    situation.
   If the robot is unsure whether an animal is suitable for the microwave, it has the opportunity to stop, send out beeps, and ask for    53    from a human. If we humans aren’t quite sure about a decision, we go and ask somebody else.
    The most difficult step in programming values will be deciding exactly what we believe in   54   , and how to create a set of ethical(伦理的)rules. But if we    55     an answer, robots could be good for humanity.

41. A. avoided B. revised C. increased D. rejected
42. A. personalities B. behaviors C. intentions D. values
43. A. Instead B. For example C. After all D. As a result
44. A. special B. demanding C. bright D. starving
45. A. preloaded B. downloaded C. uploaded D. upgraded
46. A. comfortable B. private C. sufficient D. noticeable
47. A. literarily B. independently C. properly  D. naturally
48. A. manufacture B. install C. introduce D. create
49. A. careless B. senseless C. powerless D. thoughtless
50. A. doubt B. threat C. concern  D. prospect
51. A. subject B. prohibit C. observe D. break
52. A. similar  B. familiar  C. unusual   D. ideal
53. A. permission  B. guidance C. feedback  D. comment
54. A. principle B. moral C. standard D. technology
55. A. look into  B. pick out  C. turn to  D. come up with

Section B
Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. 

(A)
Like many other people, I love my smart phone, which keeps me connected with the larger world that can go anywhere with me. I also love my laptop,because it holds all of my writing and thoughts. In spite of this love of technology, I know that there are times when I need to move away from these devices and truly communicate with others.
On occasion, I teach a course called History Matters for a group of higher education managers. My goals for the class include a full discussion of historical themes and ideas. Because I want students to thoroughly study the materials and exchange their ideas with each other in the classroom, I have a rule —no laptop, iPads, phones, etc. When students were told my rule in advance of the class, some of them were not happy.
Most students assume that my reasons for this rule include unpleasant experiences in the past with students misusing technology. There’s a bit of truth to that. Some students assume that I am anti-technology. There’s no truth in that at all. I love technology and try to keep up with it, so I can relate to my students.
The real reason why I ask students to leave technology at the door is that I think there are very few places in which we can have deep conversions and truly engage complex ideas. Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on outside information for ideas. I want students to dig deep within themselves for inspiration and ideas. I want them to push each other to think differently and make connections between the course materials and the class discussion.
I’ve been teaching my history class in this way for many years and the evaluations reflect student satisfaction with the environment that I create. Students realize that with deep conversation and challenge, they learn at a level that helps them keep the course materials beyond the classroom.
I’m not saying that I won’t ever change my mind about technology use in my history class, but until I hear a really good reason for the change, I’m sticking to my plan. A few hours of technology-free dialogue is just too sweet to give up.

56. Some of the students in the history class were unhappy with____________.   
A. the course materials B. the author’s class regulations
C. discussion topics D. others’ misuse of technology

57. Which of the following statements is true?
   A. The author made the rule in that he was against technology.
   B. The author made the rule mainly because of his unpleasant experiences.
   C. The author’s history class received low assessment.
   D. The students think highly of the author’s history class.      

58. According to the author, the use of technology in the classroom may ___________. 
   A. allow students to get on well with each other
   B. improve teaching and offer more help
   C. help students to better understand complex themes
   D. prohibit students being involved in class   

59. What can we infer from the passage? 
   A. The author will carry on the success in the future.
   B. Some students will be punished according to the rule.
   C. More and more students will be absent in history class.
   D. The author will help students concentrate on what they learn.

(B)
Where to Drink
Cafe San Bernardo
Join table-tennis and pool-playing port. Cafe San Bernardo has been running since 1912.
The Villa Crespo dive bar also offers up table football for£4 an hour. Service is efficient; with last orders at 5 am. The daily happy hour between 6 pm and 9 pm includes 60 minutes playing your game of choice, plus a half-bottle of red wine and a corn pie, for£9.
●Avenue Corrientes 5436, Villa Crespo, 5411 4855 3956, cafesanbernardo. com

M Salumeria & Enoteca
Trading only in wine with a story, sommelier (侍酒师)Mariana Torta chooses new ways on a daily basis, and keeps a list of around 250 labels. There's no wine menu—simply take your bottle from the shelf.
●Open 11:00am-11:30pm, El Salvador 5777, Palermo Hollywood, 5411 4778 9016, on Facebook

Negro Cueva de Cafe
Coffee has found its place in Buenos Aires. While LAB: Tostadores, The Shelter and Coffee Town are famous new places, Negro Cueva de Cafe is one of the best downtown. It serves Ecuadorian, Colombian and Brazilian beans and its attracting cakes include croissant.
●Open 9:30 am—7:00 pm, Suipacha 637, Microcentro, 5411 4322 3000, negrocuevade-cafe. com

La Calle
Head to the Niceto Vega address and you'II be faced with a pizza. Don't worry, it’s the right place. La Guitarrita is the front to “hidden” bar La Calle. Order the house cocktail, special candy, and prepare to sing until dawn with a high-energy young crowd.
●Open 8:00 pm—2:00 am, Niceto Vega 4942, Palermo Soho, 5411 3914 1972, on Facebook

60. Which number should you call if you are an addict of Columbian coffee flavour?
A. 5411 4855 3956.               B. 5411 4778 9016.
C. 5411 4322 3000.                D. 5411 3914 1972.

61. What makes La Calle different?
A. Its allowing you to play games.    B. Its having no wine menu.
C. Its opening for the longest time.   D. Its having special candy.

62. The author's purpose in writing the passage is            . 
A. to show wine culture              B. to introduce some wine bars
C. to help people choose drinks      D. to show how to enjoy yourself
(C)
There is plenty of complaints about how social media-texting in particular—may be harming children’s social and intellectual development. But a new study suggests that constant instant messaging (IM’ing) and texting among teens may also provide benefits, particularly for those who are introverted (内向的).
British researchers studied instant messages exchanged by 231 teens, aged 14 to 18. All of the participants were “regular” or “extensive” IM’ers. In the U. S., two thirds of teens use instant messaging services regularly, with a full third messaging at least once every day.
The researchers analyzed 150 conversations in the study, and reported the results in the journal Computers in Human Behavior. In 100 of these chats, the study participant began IM'ing while in a negative emotional state such as sadness, distress or anger. The rest were conversations begun when the participant was feeling good or neutral. After the chat, participants reported about a 20% reduction in their distress—not enough to completely eliminate it, but enough to leave them feeling better than they had before reaching out.
“Our findings suggest that IM'ing between distressed adolescents and their peers may provide emotional relief and consequently contribute to their well-being,” the authors write, noting that prior research has shown that people assigned to talk to a stranger either in real life or online improved their mood in both settings, but even more with IM. And people who talk with their real-life friends online also report feeling closer to them than those who just communicate face-to-face, implying a strengthening of their bond.
Why would digital communication do better than human contact? The reasons are complex, but may have something to do with the fact that users can control expression of sadness and other emotions via IM without revealing emotional elements like tears that some may consider as embarrassing or sources of discomfort. Studies also show that the anonymity (匿名) of writing on a device blankets the users in a sense of safety that may cause people to feel more comfortable in sharing and discussing their deepest and most authentic feelings. Prior research has shown that expressive writing itself can “vent” emotions and provide a sense of relief—and doing so, knowing that your words are reaching a sympathetic friend, may provide even more comfort and potentially be therapeutic. Researchers also found that introverted participants reported more relief from IM conversations when they were distressed than extroverts did. Susan Cain, author of Quiet wrote recently for TIME: Introverts are often brimming over with thoughts and care deeply for their friends, family and colleagues. But even the most socially skilled introverts sometimes long for a free pass from socializing or talking on the phone. This is what the Internet offers: the chance to connect—but in measured doses and from behind a screen.

63. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Teens are more likely to send instant messages when feeling distressed.
B. Instant messaging can help completely remove teens’ negative emotions.
C. Chat via instant messaging services makes participants feel good or calm.
D. Constant instant messaging can help teens control their negative emotions.

64. The underlined word “vent” in paragraph 5 most probably means_________.
A. control      B. maintain      C. release       D. conceal

65. What does the digital communication enable users to do?
A. Find more sympathetic friends.
B. Share and discuss more information.
C. Produce more expressive writings.
D. Avoid embarrassment and discomfort.

66. What can be concluded from the new study by British researchers?
A. Instant messaging will prevent children’s social and intellectual development.
B. Introverted teens may benefit from constant instant messaging.
C. Teens feeling bad often feel closer to real-life friends than to the net friends.
D. American teens aged 14 to 18 are extensive instant messaging users.

Section C
Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

A. There are many ways for parents to deal with the problems.
B. The mess can disturb the whole household. 
C. Parents are all angry at it.
D. Humor can help, too.
E. Parenting experts also recommend that parents first ask children in a nice way to clean up and agree on a reasonable time limit.
F. What doesn’t work, parenting experts say, is constant lectures, verbal threats or getting very angry.

An 18-year-girl Kayla Perkins explains what is in her bedroom, “I throw something on the floor and I know right where it is.” However, her parents, Steve and Deborah Perkins, of Mckinney, Texas, haven’t caught on. Even Kayla admits that, at the worst, her room is a mess.
Most families at some point have at least one child whose room looks like a landfill.      67      Dirty clothes pile up; dirty dishes get lost in the mess and smell bad; homework is lost; and valuable things are ruined.
Some parents let it go, believing that a bedroom is private space for children to manage as they wish. Others lecture their children, offer rewards for cleaning, or punish them when they don’t.  ___ 68____    
Mrs. Perkins says they picked up all the clothes on Kayla’s floor and hid them. They cleaned everything up. When Kayla came back to a bare bedroom, there was screaming and shouting, “How can I live without my clothes?” Mrs. Perkins asked Kayla to earn her clothes back by doing housework. These days, she keeps her room clean.
    69     For example, since Jessica, the 14-year-old daughter wasn’t bothered by the dirty clothes all over her floor, the whole family started using her room as a place to store dirty clothes. Her attitude changed after her family did that. By the time she gave in and cleaned up her room a few days later, even she was laughing.
    70     Children often behave better if you treat them in the way you would want to be treated by your boss at work—with respect and high expectations.

IV. Summary Writing
Directions: Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.

Why do we read poetry? First obvious one: because we enjoy it. The only other reason is for academic purposes, and that's not why this is here.
Many of us read poetry simply because we often feel depressed and hopelessly lost, and in poetry we see how beautiful and strange everything is. So in that way poetry calms our anxiety.
There are many different kinds of poems. They are not all calming. Some poems make me anxious, angry, scared, and sad, which is why I value them. As a reader, I want a full meal, not just dessert. I want the sweet and the bitter. Often, I read poetry when I’m already relaxed. In fact, I read more when I'm not stressed out.
Here are the main reasons I respond to poetry, as far as I can tell. Metrical (格律的) poems are about setting up rules and then bending them. Usually this is done by setting up a rhythm and then breaking it or almost breaking it, and then returning to it again. This satisfies my desire for order and also my desire for testing boundaries.
Poetry plays with language and often puts words together in surprising ways, which is thrilling the way that food can be, when the chef has paired ingredients you never thought would taste good together but somehow do.
Many poems are dense. Words mean two or three things at once and lots of suggestions are packed between the lines. This is intellectually inspiring and it allows me to read the same poem over and over, always finding new things in it.
And, of course, there’s the subject matter. It interests me just as it would if the same subject was explored in a story or essay. Not all poems interest me in this way, but then not all stories and essays do, either.

V. Translation
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

72. 根据最新颁布的交通法,车内任何人员都必须系好安全带。(fasten)

73. 这是一个简单的故事,但是简单并不代表缺乏深度。(lack)

74. 正是他良好的英语听说能力使他在这次英语演讲比赛中脱颖而出。(it)

75. 说起健康时,世界各地的人都将增加睡眠放在第一位,而非饮食健康、加强锻炼或补充维生素。(priority)

VI. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

为了激发同学们读书的热情,你校将在2017年4月23日 “世界读书日” (the World Book and Copyright Day) 当天举行一个读书节活动,近日学校正向全体学生征询活动方案。假定你是该校学生李华,请你给校长写一封信,推荐你的方案。你的信须包括以下内容:
1. 描述你想推荐的活动方案,如:活动主题、时间……;
2. 简单阐述你提出此方案的理由。

下载地址:上海市奉贤区2017届高三下学期4月调研测试英语试卷

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