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美国校园英语情景对话 [4]
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10.Spelling 拼写

A: You know, Ralph, since I started speaking English all the time my pronunciation's getting better and even the grammar's beginning to make some sense. But I don't think I'll ever be able to spell.
B: You're not alone there. I have trouble with spelling too. When I was in grade school, I learned which words were the most frequently misspelled, but I never did learn how to spell them.
A: Since it's so difficult, why is it so important to learn how to spell properly?
B: Because if you spell satisfactorily, you're considered educated. If you don't, you're not.

Notes
Make sense - to become understandable
Grade school (美国的)小学

A:拉尔夫,你知道,自从我开始所有时间都讲英语以来,我的发音有了进步,而且语法也开始理顺了。不过我不认为我能把字拼出来。
B:不是你一个人如此。我在拼音方面也有困难。当我上小学的时候,我知道哪些词是经常拼错的,但我没有学会如何拼这些词。
A:既然这么难,为什么学会准确拼音又如此重要呢?
B:因为如果你能准确无误地拼音,人家就会把你看作受到教育的人。否则,在别人眼里你是个缺乏教育的人。

11.Two-word Verbs 成语动词

A: Hi, Mary, how are you doing?
B: Fine. What happended to you yesterday? I didn't see you in class.
A: Oh, I overslept as usual. What went on anyway?
B: We heard about two-word verbs.
A: What's a two-word verb?
B: Things like drop in, go over, get out, fill up. Listen to these two sentences: citation will run in the third race tomorrow; Mr.Lee will run in to see you tomorrow. Can you tell which run in is the two-word verb?

Notes
How are you doing? 同how are you? (美国人见面时常用的问候语)
What happened to you yesterday? 昨天你出了什么事?
What went on? 发生了什么事?
Citation 一匹赛马的名字
Run in 顺便来访

A:喂,玛丽,你好吗?
B:很好。昨天你出了什么事?我在课堂上没有见到你。
A:啊,像往常一样睡过头了,难道有什么事?
B:我们学了一些成语动词。
A:什么成语动词?
B:像drop in, go over, get out, fill up这些词。听听下面这两句话:Citation will run in the third race tomorrow; Mr.Lee will run in to see you tomorrow. 这两句中都有run in,你能说出哪一个是成语动词吗?

12.More Two-word Verbs 又一些成语动词

A: I hadn't finished telling you about two-word verbs, Bob.
B: Do I have to hear more? I'm not sure I can follow it.
A: Sure you can. This part is the most interesting.
B: Okay. Go ahead.
A: Well, here are sentences with two-word verbs with objects:
I can't get over
I can't get it over
I can't get over it
I can't get him over it
They all mean different things
B: Can you explain how they're different?
A: Each part or both parts of the two-word verb can have an object. The verb may have different meanings with different objects, or different arrangements of object. Is that clear? You look confused.
B: I'm not confused, I was just thinking.

Notes
Follow-understand
Get over 越过(如篱笆)
Get it over 解释,讲清楚
Get over it 从(惊吓、疾病)恢复过来
Get him over it 使他忘却(遗憾、悲伤)

A:鲍勃,关于成语动词,我还没有对你讲完。
B:我还需要听你讲吗?我不知道是否能理解。
A:你当然能理解。这一部分是最有意思的。
B:好,说吧。
A:嗯,下列这些句子里的成语动词有宾语:
I can't get over
I can't get it over
I can't get over it
I can't get him over it
这些句子的意思都不相同。
B:你能否解释一下怎么不同?
A:成语动词的每个部分或两个部分可以有一个宾语。动词加上不同的宾语或宾语的不同组合,就可以有不同的含意。清楚了吗?你好像弄糊涂了。
B:我没有糊涂。我只是在思考。

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