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中秋节的来历及相关词汇
| 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 收集整理:嘉兴英语教学网 | 更新时间:2007-10-14 |

生字及生词 :
 
Autumn 秋天, 也可以用Fall
Mid- Autumn Festival 中秋节, 也可以用Moon Festival
The eighth full moon 第八个满月
Lunar calendar 农历
Moon cake 月饼
Family reunion 全家团圆
Dessert  甜点
Traditional 传统的
Holiday  节日
Mid-autumn day  / -autumn Festival 中秋节
Moon Festival / Mooncake Festival  / Moon Festival 中秋节
lunar农历
mooncake月饼
minimooncake 迷你月饼
mooncakes with meat / nuts / 肉馅/果仁月饼
ham mooncake火腿月饼
grapefruit / pomelo / shaddock 柚子
glue pudding 汤圆  
lantern / scaldfish灯笼
Chang E  嫦娥
Hou Yi  后羿
 
对话(Dialogue)
 
A.  Nice weather ,isn't it?
今天天气真好.
 
It sure was hot last week.
上星期好热呀!
 
B.  I'm glad it is getting cooler as we are into autumn now.
真高兴现在是秋天, 凉快一点儿了.
 
Today is Mid-Autumn Festival.
今天是中秋节?
 
A.  What's that?
什么是中秋节?
 
B.  It is a traditional Chinese holiday. It falls on the 15th day of the eighth moon according to the lunar calendar.
是一个传统中国节日, 农历的八月十五日.
 
A.  What do you do on Moon Festival ?
中秋节做什么呢?
 
B.  It's a time for family reunion.
是全家团圆的日子.
 
A.  Any traditional food ?(Any special food?)
有没有什么传统的(或特别的) 食物?
 
B.  Yes, we eat moon cake for dessert.
有, 我们吃月饼当甜点.


relative activities相关活动:
gather to admire the bright mid-autumn harvest moon 聚在一起赏月
light lantern 点灯笼
carry the lantern around 提灯笼
burn incense 烧香
fire dragon dances 火龙舞
The custom of worshipping the moon 拜月的习俗
worshippe the full moon 拜满月的习俗
family reunion 家庭团聚 / 圆
came out to watch the full moon to celebrate the festival 到户外赏月
the custom of Mid-Autumn Festival celebration 庆祝中秋节的习俗

Mid-Autumn Festival 

The 15th day of the 8th lunar month
The joyous Mid-Autumn Festival was celebrated on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon, around the time of the autumn equinox(秋分). Many referred to it simply as the "Fifteenth of the Eighth Moon".

This day was also considered as a harvest festival since fruits, vegetables and grain had been harvested by this time and food was abundant. Food offerings were placed on an altar set up in the courtyard. Apples, pears, peaches, grapes, pomegranates(石榴), melons, oranges and pomelos(柚子) might be seen. Special foods for the festival included moon cakes, cooked taro(芋头)and water caltrope(菱角), a type of water chestnut resembling black buffalo horns. Some people insisted that cooked taro be included because at the time of creation, taro was the first food discovered at night in the moonlight. Of all these foods, it could not be omitted from the Mid-Autumn Festival.

The round moon cakes, measuring about three inches in diameter and one and a half inches in thickness, resembled Western fruitcakes in taste and consistency. These cakes were made with melon seeds(西瓜子), lotus seeds(莲籽), almonds(杏仁), minced meats, bean paste, orange peels and lard(猪油). A golden yolk(蛋黄) from a salted duck egg was placed at the center of each cake, and the golden brown crust was decorated with symbols of the festival. Traditionally, thirteen moon cakes were piled in a pyramid to symbolize the thirteen moons of a "complete year," that is, twelve moons plus one intercalary(闰月的) moon.

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity for both the Han and minority nationalities. The custom of worshipping the moon can be traced back as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties (2000 B.C.-1066 B.C.). In the Zhou Dynasty(1066 B.C.-221 B.C.), people hold ceremonies to greet winter and worship the moon whenever the Mid-Autumn Festival sets in. It becomes very prevalent in the Tang Dynasty(618-907 A.D.) that people enjoy and worship the full moon. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.), however, people send round moon cakes to their relatives as gifts in expression of their best wishes of family reunion. When it becomes dark, they look up at the full silver moon or go sightseeing on lakes to celebrate the festival. Since the Ming (1368-1644 A.D. ) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911A.D.), the custom of Mid-Autumn Festival celebration becomes unprecedented popular. Together with the celebration there appear some special customs in different parts of the country, such as burning incense(熏香), planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers and fire dragon dances. However, the custom of playing under the moon is not so popular as it used to be nowadays, but it is not less popular to enjoy the bright silver moon. Whenever the festival sets in, people will look up at the full silver moon, drinking wine to celebrate their happy life or thinking of their relatives and friends far from home, and extending all of their best wishes to them.

Moon Cakes

There is this story about the moon-cake. during the Yuan dynasty (A.D. 1280-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) were unhappy at submitting to the foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon cake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attached and overthrew the government. Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this legend and was called the Moon Cake.

For generations, moon cakes have been made with sweet fillings of nuts, mashed red beans, lotus-seed paste or Chinese dates(枣子), wrapped in a pastry. Sometimes a cooked egg yolk can be found in the middle of the rich tasting dessert. People compare moon cakes to the plum pudding and fruit cakes which are served in the English holiday seasons.

Nowadays, there are hundreds varieties of moon cakes on sale a month before the arrival of Moon Festival.

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