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rather than的用法大全
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rather than 可作连词词组使用,连接两个并列成分,表示在两者中间进行选择,意为“是 A 而不是 B ”、“要 A 不要 B ”、“宁愿 A 而不愿 B ”等,后面可以接名词、代词、形容词、副词、动词和动词不定式等。

  1. 名词。例如:
  He is a writer rather than a teacher.
  与其说他是教师,不如说他是作家。
  John,rather than his roommates,is to blame.
  要受责备的是约翰,而不是他的室友们。
  The job will take months rather than weeks.
  完成这项工作需要几个月,而不是几个星期。

  2. 代词。例如:
  You,rather than she,are my guest.
  你是我的客人,而不是她。
  We are to blame rather than they.
  该受责备的是我们,而不是他们。

  3. 形容词。例如:
  The colour seems green rather than blue.
  这颜色似乎是绿的,而不是蓝的。
  It was made shorter rather than longer.
  它被缩短了,而不是加长了。
  These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.
  这些鞋子与其说漂亮,不如说舒服。

  4. 副词。例如:
  The ship sank quickly rather than slowly.
  船沉得很快,而不是很慢。
  He usually gets up early rather than late.
  他经常起得早,而不是起得晚。

  5. 动词。例如:
  She left rather than stayed at home.
  她不是呆在家里,而是走了。
  Rather than cause trouble,he went away.
  他宁可走开而不愿惹麻烦。
  Rather than have the radio repaired,he’d like to buy a new one.
  与其修理那部收音机,他想还不如买一部新的。

  6. 介词短语。例如:
  I’d prefer to read in the library rather than at home.
  我宁愿在图书馆看书,也不愿在家里看书。
  I’d prefer to do it in this way rather than in that way.
  我喜欢这样做,而不愿意那样做。
  He went to the park in the evening rather than in the morning.
  他喜欢晚上去公园,而不喜欢早上去。

  7. 动词的- ing 形式。例如:
  She likes dancing rather than singing.
  她喜欢跳舞,而不喜欢唱歌。
  It is snowing rather than raining outside.
  外面在下雪,而不是在下雨。
  She is laughing rather than crying.
  她是在笑,而不是在哭。

  8. 过去分词。例如:
  He had the house rebuilt rather than repaired.
  他宁愿重建房子,而不愿修缮。

  9. 句子。例如:
  We should help him rather than he should help us.
  我们应该帮助他,而不是他应该帮助我们。
  It was what he meant rather than what he said.
  那是指他话中的意思,而不是他所说的话。

一、“other than”的含义
 
1.other than = except, but, apart from “除……以外”
There is nobody here other than me.
这里除了我以外没有别人。
Someone other than your brother should be appointed
manager. 应当任命一个除了你兄弟之外的人当经理。
2. other than = besides “除……以外,还……”
English is now spoken in many countries other than England.
除英国外,其他许多国家都讲英语。
There were three people at the meeting other than Mr Day.
除戴先生以外,还有三个人参加了会议。
3.other than = not, instead of, rather than “不、非、而不是”
I borrowed some books other than novels.
我借了几本书,都不是小说书。
4.other than = in any other way than “用除此以外别的方式”
You can’t get there other than by swimming.
除了游过去之外,你没有别的方法到达那儿。

二、“other than”的结构
other than + 名词/代词
The presence of elements other than iron greatly affects the
physical properties of steel.
铁以外的其他元素的存在极大地影响着钢的性能。
You should get a little stifleness but other than that there
should be no side effects.
你会感到有点发闷,但除此之外不会再有副作用。
other than + 形容词
She can hardly be other than grateful.
她内心充满了感激之情。
 I could not feel other than surprised. 我只是感到吃惊。
other than + 副词
She performed other than perfectly.
她的表演远非尽善尽美。
(12)I could not do it other than hurriedly.
我只能匆匆忙忙地做了那件事。
other than + 介词短语
(13)We decided not to stop anywhere other than at his house.
我们决定,除了他的房子以外,任何地方都不停留。
(14)You can’t expect to get a pay rise other than with hard work.
只有努力工作你才能增加工资。
other than + 过去分词
(15)The problem is other than settled. 问题还没有解决。
(16)The struggle cannot be other than protracted.
这场斗争只能是持久的。
other than + 不定式
(17)He reread every page with no other purpose than to pass the time. 他一页一页地重读,不为别的,只为消磨时间。
(18)During the winter the hibernating animal can do nothing other than lie down and sleep. 在冬季,冬眠的动物只能躺下睡觉。
other than + 从句
(19)She is other than I thought. 她和我想象的不一样。
(20)I don’t wish her other than she is. 我不希望她改变现状。
(21)I can’t be other than I am. 我只能是我。
(22)The truth is quite other than what you think. 事实真相和你想的不一样。

三、other than的其他搭配
①nothing other than “只是、仅仅”
(23)They were given nothing other than dry bread and water for their evening meal. 他们只得到了干面包和水作晚餐。
②no other than “正是、恰恰是”
(24)It was no other than my best friend, Mary.
这不是别人,正是我最好的朋友玛丽。
③ no + 名词 + other than “正是……”
(25)It was no other person than Mr Smith.
那人正是史密斯先生。
④none other than “不是别人/别的东西,正是……”
(26)It was none other than Tom! We thought he was in Africa.
不是别人而正是汤姆!我们还以为他在非洲呢!

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