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a quantity of/quantities of主谓一致问题
| 文章来源:新浪博客 | 文章录入:随心飞扬 | 收集整理:嘉兴英语教学网 | 更新时间:2012-5-2 |

主谓一致是高中英语考试的重要考点之一,其中不乏难题,尤其是带有限定词的名词短语作主语时,最难选择谓语的单复数形式。例如,“a quantity of +名词”作主语时,谓语是用单数还是用复数就让广大考生困惑不已,因为目前的教辅读物中众说纷纭,矛盾重重,让人莫衷一是,到底是用单数还是用复数呢?且看下文:

问题篇:
下述几例选自学生中很有市场的几种教辅读物,他们的结论让学生误入歧途:
1.《高中专项无敌---语法》(新疆青少年出版社---王建村)
(P74) a large quantity of 不管后面跟可数名词还是不可数名词,都要用单数动词,比较:
Large quantities of money have been sent there.
A large quantity of books has been offered to us.
2.《各个击破丛书(高中英语专项)---语法》(延边人民出版社---王建军)
(数词与主谓一致p24)
A (large) quantity of 修饰可数或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
例如:A large quantity of people is needed here.
(large) quantities of修饰可数或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词用复数。
例如:Quantities of food (nuts) were on the table.

专家观点:
1.徐广联在《大学英语语法讲座与测试》(华东理工大学出版社)中表示, a quantity of 只能修饰不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。 A quantity of 间或也可以修饰可数名词,例如, A quantity of baskets were on sale.

2.张怀信在《英语高考活用图解辞典》(延边大学出版社)中讲到, a large/small quantity of 大量的 / 少量的(可以修饰可数名词或不可数名词),例如, I need a large quantity of oil (apples). quantities of 大批的,大量的,例如, Large quantities of polluted water are flowing into the sea. 该书所附〈语法祥解篇 --- 主谓一致〉还明确指出“在以上( a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a large quantity of + 名词)的词组后面的名词是中心词,谓语动词根据后面的名词的数而定”。

3.顾南华在《中高级英语考试指南》(华中工学院出版社)中说, a quantity of, quantities of 可跟可数名词与不可数名词 , 并举有三例: There is a large quantity of milk. Great quantities of fish are caught on the high sea. Large quantities of water are needed for cooling purposes. 在 452 页讲到“ a quantity of + 不可数名词”,谓语只用单数,“ quantities of + 可数与不可数名词”,谓语要用复数。

4.章振邦在《新编英语语法》(上海译文出版社) 212 页中讲到, a quantity of 既可用于复数可数名词,也可用于不可数名词。例如 , A large quantity of flowers were heaped on the martyr’s tomb. A large quantity of beer was consumed. Quantities of food were on the table.

5.刘锐诚在《学生使用英语高考必备》(中国青年出版社)中认为, a quantity of + 名词 [C,U][+ 单或复数动词 ] , quantities of + 名词 [C,U] [+ 复数动词 ] 。

6.张鑫友在《英语语法难题新探(句法篇)》(中国地质大学出版社) 529 页中说,在 …a large quantity of… 等短语后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常跟 of 后名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。   

综上所述,结论就是:
1.a quantity of 后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常看 of 后名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。如果是接不可数名词,则谓语用单数形式,如果是接复数可数名词,则谓语通常要采用复数形式(※偶而接单数式谓语,属非规范用法,宜慎用。)

2.quantities of 后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词 , 后面的谓语都用复数形式。 

举例证明:
1.On January 18, a large quantity of coloured photopaper, dried seafood, canned abalone, audio equipment and antibiotics worth HH$16million were found in four 40-foot containers, bound for… ( In brief--- China Daily, HK Edition, 20050122,   P2)

2.Besides, a large quantity of mail bags were found. ( US nationals arrested for DVD piracy---China Daily, 20040731, P1)

3.An undetermined quantity of weapons and ammunition were also seized, the spokesman said. (Raid in karbala and shots fired in Baghdad ---China Daily, 2003102, P1)

4.…and a small quantity of dangerous drugs were seized. (Travel scheme causes concern in HK---China Daily, 20030822, P2)A

5.A quantity of fake certificates and official stamps were also seized. (Police seize 59 in major gang smash, 20030403)

6.“ …and a large quantity of drugs is reading different segments

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