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afford,offer,provide和supply的区别
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 affordofferprovidesupply的区别

afford 提供,供给,还可以特指经济能力,负担得起。例如:
I think I can afford this.
我认为我可以负担得起。

offer 提出,提供,呈现,表示向别人提供可接受也可拒绝的某物,如帮助、服务或物品,这可能是对方要求也可能是自己主动提出的。例如:He offered me a job, but I didn't accept.
offer
还有出价的意思。

provide 供给,提供,装备,准备,强调有预见,并通过储存或准备的方式为某事做准备,以在需要时提供所需物品。例如:We provided them (with) board and lodging. 我们给他们提供食宿。
牵涉到金钱时provide往往含有免费供给的意味supply一般需付钱。

supply 供给,补充,弥补,还可作名词,意为供给(量),物资,存货。例如:We are well supplied with foods. 我们的食品供给充足。

 

provide v
[Tn, Tn.pr, Dn.pr] ~ sb (with sth); ~ sth (for sb)

(a) make sth available for sb to use by giving, lending or supplying it 向某人提供某事物; 供给; 供应:

The management will provide food and drink. 管理部门将供应饮食. *

Please put your litter in the bin provided. 请你把废物扔到预备好的垃圾箱里. *

The firm have provided me with a car. 公司供给我一辆汽车. *

Can you provide accommodation for thirty people? 你能为三十人提供住宿吗?

(b) (fig 比喻) offer or present (an answer, example, opportunity, etc) 提供(答案﹑ 范例﹑ 机会等):

Let us hope his research will provide the evidence we need.

 但愿他作的研究能提供我们所需要的证据. *

The painting provides us with one of the earliest examples of the use of perspective.

那幅画给我们提供了采用透视画法的最早的范例.

 

supply v (pt, pp supplied)
[Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (to sb); ~ sb (with sth) give sb sth that is needed or useful; provide sb with sth
供给或供应某人所需或可用的物品; 向某人提供某物:

a company supplying heating oil (to homes) (向住户)供应燃油的公司 *

supply consumers with gas, electricity, etc 向消费者提供煤气﹑ 电力等 *

He kept me well supplied with cups of coffee while I wrote the report.

我写报告时, 他一直不停地给我一杯杯续咖啡.
[Tn] provide enough (of sth) for (a need); fulfil
提供足够的(某物)以满足(需要):

Will the new power-station be able to supply our cheap energy requirements?

新建的发电厂能够满足我们对廉价能源的需求吗?
> supply n
1 [U] supplying or being supplied
供给; 供应; 补给:

a contract for the supply of office stationery 供应办公文具的合同 *

You promised us fuel, but can you guarantee its supply? 你答应给我们提供燃料, 但能保证供应吗? *

a reliable source of supply 可靠的来源 *

[attrib 作定语] a supply train 运送补给品的列车.
2 [C often pl
常作复数] thing that is supplied; stock or store of things provided or available 供给之物; 供应品; 补给品; 贮备; 存货; 现货: the water-supply 供水 *

 a supply of reading-matter for the journey 为旅途提供的读物 *

 arms, food, fuel supplies 武器﹑ 食物﹑ 燃料贮备 *

Have we got enough supplies of coal? 我们贮存的煤够用吗? *

 Helicopters dropped supplies (ie of food, etc) for the stranded villagers.

 直升飞机给受困的村民空投了物资.
3 (idm
习语) in short supply => short1. supply and de`mand (esp economics 尤用於经济) the amount of goods, etc available and the amount wanted by consumers, the relationship between which is regarded as controlling prices 供求关系
.
supplier n person or firm supplying goods, etc
供应者(人或公司)
.
# supply teacher teacher employed to do the work of any other teacher who is absent through illness, etc
代课教师.

 

 

offer  v
[Tn, Tn.pr, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sth (to sb) (for sth) put forward sth (to sb) to be considered and accepted or refused; present
(向某人)提出某事物供考虑﹑ 接受或拒绝; 提供: The company has offered a high salary. 公司已提出高薪相聘. * She offered a reward for the return of her lost bracelet. 她为寻回遗失的手镯提出以酬金答谢. * I've been offered a job in Japan. 日本有份工作要聘请我去做. * He offered her a cigarette. 他敬她一枝烟. * We offered him the house for 35000. 这所房子我们向他索价35000英镑. * He offered 30000 for the house. 他还价30000英镑买这所房子.
[I, Tn, Tt, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sth (to sb) show or express the willingness or intention to do, give, etc sth
表示愿意或有意做﹑ ...某事物: I don't think they need help, but I think I should offer anyway. 我认为他们无须帮助, 不过我想我应有所表示. * They offered no resistance. 他们没有抵抗. * We offered to leave. 我们表示要走了. * We offered him a lift, but he didn't accept. 我们建议他搭我们的车, 但他没有接受. * The company offered the job to someone else. 公司把这工作给别人了.
[I] (fml
) occur; arise 发生; 出现; 呈现: Take the first opportunity that offers, ie that there is. 有机会切勿放过.
[Tn] (fml
) give opportunity for (sth); provide 为(某事物)提供机会; 给予: The job offers prospects of promotion. 这份工作有晋升的机会. * The trees offered welcome shade from the sun. 这些树凉儿十分宜人.
[Tn, Tn.p, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sth/sb (up) (to sb) (for sth) (fml
) present or give sth/sb, usu to God or a god and esp as a sacrifice 奉献, (通常指向上帝或其他神)祭献(某事物[某人])(尤指作为牺牲): She offered (up) a prayer to God for her husband's safe return. 她向上帝祷告保佑她丈夫平安回来. * A calf was offered up as a sacrifice to the goddess. 向女神祭献了一头牺牲小牛.
(idm
习语) `offer itself/themselves (fml ) be present; happen ; 出现; 发生: Ask her about it when a suitable moment offers itself. 这个问题你在适当的时候问问她吧. offer (sb) one's `hand (fml ) hold out one's hand (in order to shake hands with sb) 伸出手(为和某人握手): He came towards me, smiled and offered his hand. 他向我走来, 微笑着伸出手来和我握手. offer one's hand (in `marriage) (fml ) propose marriage to a woman 向女子求婚.
> offer n
1 [C] ~ (to sb/to do sth) statement offering to do or give sth to sb
(为某人做某事物或给某人某事物的)提议, 建议: an offer of help from the community 社区提出的帮助建议 * your kind offer to help 你愿意帮忙的好意 * an offer of marriage (ie proposal) to the youngest sister 向最小的妹妹的求婚
.
2 [C] ~ (for sth) amount offered
提供考虑的数量; 出价: a firm offer, ie one which was genuinely meant and not likely to be withdrawn 实盘 * I've had an offer of 1200 for the car. 有人向我出价1200英镑买这辆汽车. * They made an offer which I couldn't refuse. 他们出的价我十分满意
.
3 (idm
习语) be open to (an) offer/offers => open1. on `offer for sale at a reduced price 削价出售: Baked beans are on offer this week at the local supermarket. 当地超级市场本周烘豆罐头大减价. or nearest offer => near1. under `offer (Brit) (of a building for sale) having a prospective buyer who has made an offer (指待售房屋)已有人出价要买: The office block is under offer. 办公大楼已有人出价购买
.
offering  n 1 [U] action of presenting sth (to be accepted or refused)
提供, 给予(以备对方接受或拒绝): the offering of bribes 行贿 * the offering of financial assistance 提供财务帮助. 2 [C] (fml ) thing offered, esp as a gift or contribution 提供之物; (尤指)礼物, 奉献物: a church offering 给教堂的捐献 * He gave her a box of chocolates as a peace offering, ie in the hope of restoring peace after an argument, etc. 他送她一盒巧克力以示和解之意.

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