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常见介词to的搭配 [2011-8-15] to的用法比较复杂,可以从两个角度去理解:一、介词  二、动词不定式。本文主要介绍介词to的一些搭配和用法(1)v+to (prep.)(a) v+tolisten, stick, refer, turn, point, reply, occur, attend, see, lead, happen, come, get, write, hold, agree, belong, adapt, attribute, object, subscribe, adjust, accede, y
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介词but的常见用法讲解 [2011-8-15] 介词but表示“除……外”,即英语except, other than或not including的意思,是最常用的介词之一。主要用法有以下几点: ①与no, no one, none, nobody, nothing, nowhere等词连用。例如:No one can do it but him.只有他才能担当此任。/None but him knows this plant.只有他认识这植物。 I heard nothing but the wind.除了风声,我什么也没听到。 ②与all
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but 的常考短语习语讲解 [2011-8-15] 1. all but除……外全都,几乎All but mother in my family can speak English. 除母亲外,我一家人都会说英语。 They have all but finished the task. 他们几乎完成了任务。 You are all but a doctor. 你简直是个博士。 His theory is all but correct. 他的理论几乎是正确的。 2. anything but不见得,决不He is anything but a
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need 与dare 的动词用法 [2011-8-15] need 与dare ,它们既可以作情态动词又可作实义动词。1.Need 作情态动词使用时,没有人称、数和时态的变化,一般使用于否定句和疑问句中。1)  He need not come at once. 2)  Need he come at once?3)  Need you do the thing right now?------Yes ,I must.------No ,I needn’t.4)  He said (that) he need n
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五句容易混淆的口语 [2011-8-15] 五句容易混淆的口语1. School is open 与 the school is open : school is open ( 或 schools are open) 是指‘学校开学’ (classes are in session) ,这里的 open 是形容词, school 前面不加冠词 the ,意味整个中小学的 school system 。但是 the school is open ,多指学校的建筑物开放着,但没有学生上课。 同理: He goes to school. 是指他
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No matter+ 疑问词 与 疑问词+ ever”  用法透析 [2011-8-15] 1. “ No matter +疑问词”意为“无论……”、“不论……”,用来引导让步状语从句。如: no matter who / whom (无论谁), no matter what (无论什么), no matter which (无论哪一个), no matter how (无论怎样)等。如:You are always welcome no matter where you are.无论在何地,您总是会受到欢迎的。No matter what may happen, theyve dec
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more than 与 less than 用法区别 [2011-8-15] 英语中, more than 和 less than 的使用频率相当高,用法也较为复杂。笔者在此将其分别归类,以供同学们在学习中参考。一、 more than1. more than 可放在数词之前,意为“超过;不止;以上”,用于此意义时可与 over 互换使用。例如:Altogether more than 70 percent of the surface of our planet is covered by water. 整体说来,我们这个星球表面有 70% 以上都为水所覆盖。2. mo
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up to 用法小结 [2011-8-15] “ up to ”的用法较多,同学们在使用这一短语时容易出错。现将“ up to ”的用法归纳如下,供同学们参考。1. “ up to ”意为“多达”。例如:I can take up to four people in my car. (我的车能载 4 个人。)2. “ up to ”意为“不多于,不迟于”。例如:Read up to page 109. (读到第 100 页。)3. “ up to ”意为“可与某事物相比,比得上”。例如:As a doctor, he is not up t
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pick up 用法总结 [2011-8-15] 生活中往往越是微小的事物越会起着重要的作用,下面这个词组以其“短小精悍”而闻名在英语世界中。上海市 2003 年春季高考试题中有这样一道题:He _________ some French while he was away on a business trip in Paris.A. made out B. picked upC. gave up D. took in本题答案为 B .本题主要考查动词词组的用法。 pick up some French 意为: begin to learn i
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before 译法种种 [2011-8-15] 在近几年的高考试题中, before 的出现率很高。 before 的译法比较特殊,有时要从“反面着笔”,才能给出恰当的汉语对应语。笔者结合近几年的高考题,简要地谈一下 before 的译法。1. before 译为“在……之前”。例如:Dont count your chickens before they are hatched. ( Proverb ) 不要在蛋尚未孵出之前先数鸡。(勿过分指望没有把握之事。)(谚语)We do want to buy something now befor
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介词 from 的否定意义及其汉译 [2011-8-15] 英语中的部分介词与某些词语搭配使用时便被赋予一定的否定意义,其中以 from 最为常见。该词本身具有“脱离、离开”的意思,在和部分词语结合使用时,便可引伸为“去除、免掉、阻止”等的意思,往往可以汉译为“不、没有”等否定词。本文就 from 否定意义的语域及其汉译进行初步的探讨。一、 from 的否定意义在“某些动词+( sb. or sth. )+ from ”结构中的体现及其汉译英语中“某些动词+ from ”构成的固定搭配可以表示否定意义,这类动词均表示有意识地采取措施预防、阻止某人做某事或
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still, quiet, silent 和 calm 用法辨析 [2011-8-15] 在英语中, still, quiet , silent, calm 都可以表示“静”的意思,但它们各自的侧重点有所不同。现分析如下:1 . still 指“静止的,寂静的”,侧重于完全不动或完全无声响,带有感情色彩。 still 可以用来说人“不动”或人“不好动”。例如:All sounds are still. 万籁俱寂。The Swede stood quite still, except that his lips moved slightly. 那个瑞典人纹丝不动地站着,只有嘴唇在微微动
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例析以 -ic 与 -ical 结尾的几组形容词 [2011-8-15] 一些以 -ic 或 -ical 结尾的形容词,意义不尽相同,要注意它们之间的区别。1. classic 与 classical( 1 ) classic 的主要意思是“第一流的,最上等的,标准的”。如:This is a really classic French champagne.这确实是上等的法国香槟酒。It is a classic example.这是一个典型的例子。a classic performance 古装戏; a classic ground 艺术园地( 2 ) classi
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look 词组练习 [2011-8-15] look 词组1. The boy is old enough to look _____ himself.2. He spent two weeks in Shanghai, looking _____ the city.3. We are looking _____ _____ hearing from you soon.4. Join us. Don’t just look _____.5. They all looked _____ him _____ a member of their
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go 词组练习 [2011-8-15] go 词组1. Please don’t go _____ _____ it till you’ve seen me again.2. He has been in this class only a few weeks and he is already going _____.3. Many years have gone _____ since we first met.4. The parade (游行)went _____ us.5. The crocodile went _____
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give 词组练习 [2011-8-15] give 词组1. In those days,he used to give _____ a part of his income to help his friend.2. Both sides argued with reason,and neither would give _____.3. If they are burned,they give _____ poisonous gases.4. When they made ready to climb the next ridge(
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make 词组练习 [2011-8-15] make 词组1. Bamboo is also made _____ paper.2. Our desks and chairs are made _____ wood.3. The paper for books and newspapers also is made _____ wood.4. This engine is made _____ _____ 490 parts.5. The actor made himself _____ for the part of an old ma
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put 词组练习 [2011-8-15] put 词组1. We put _____ the tools before we leave the workshop.2. All the medical workers in the region helped to put _____ the influenza epidemic(流感).3. Never put _____ until tomorrow what you can do today.4. We are putting the play _____ again next w
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must,  have to 和 have got to 的用法区别 [2011-8-15] 这是三个易混淆的词,都有必须的意思,但是从用法上和很多的意义上都有很多的不同。例如,must可以表示主观的义务和必要,主要用于肯定句和疑问句;表示肯定的猜测,而have to 表示一种客观的需要,同时,have to 与have got to 常可以互换。一、must的用法①表示主观的义务和必要,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,意思为“必须……,得……,要……”;由must引起的疑问句,肯定回答要用must或have to,否定回答要用needn’t或don’t have to,意思是“不必”;must
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Each 和 every 的用法区别 [2011-8-15] Each与every虽然都有“每个”的意思,但二者含义及语法功能不同。例如,each既可用作形容词,又可用作代词,every只能作形容词;用作形容词作定语时,each更强调个人或个别,every表示“每个”之意,含有“全部”之意味,等等。两个词的差异总结如下:一、each既可用作形容词,又可用作代词,在句中可以作定语,主语、宾语、同位语、状语等;every只能作形容词。如:Each student has his own desk.每个学生都有自己的桌子。(形容词,定语)The students
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rather than, prefer 与 would rather 的区别 [2011-8-15] 在英语中,表示“偏爱”、“优先”、“更喜欢”、“更可取”或“宁愿”等意思时,可用prefer,would rather和rather than来表达。三个词之间在表达和用法上的异同如下:(—)rather than①rather than必须连接两个平行结构,即并联两个词(如名词、代词),两个动词不定式或并联两个短语或分句。如:John ought to go rather than Mary.约翰比玛丽更应该去。②当rather than并联两个动词不定式时,后一个动词不定式一般省略to(在比
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none 的用法详解 [2011-8-15] 1. none 与 no one / nobody 及 nothingno one / nobody 常用来指人,作主语时谓语动词要用单数形式;nothing 常用来指物,作主语时谓语动词也要用单数形式;none 可指人也可指物,作主语时,如和 of 连用指不可数名词时,谓语动词要用单数形式;指可数名词时,谓语动词用单、复数均可。如:No one likes a person with bad manners.Nothing is difficult in the world if you pu
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略谈 be of  结构 [2011-8-15] be of 结构用法很灵活,在句中可作表语、后置定语或宾补。为了使同学们更好地掌握这一结构,现将这一结构的用法浅析如下:一、“be of+ 表示年龄( age )、大小( size )、颜色( color )、重量( weight )、高度( height )、价格( price )、意见( opinion )、形状( shape )、种类( kind )和方法( way )等的名词”,表示“具有……”,说明主语的特征。例如:When I was of your age, I entered t
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would 与 used to 的用法详解 [2011-8-15] Would与used to是两个易混淆的词组,两个词之间既有区别又有联系:一、Would与used to的共通之处1.Would与used to都可用来表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作,常常可以换用。如:When we were boys we used to(would )go swimming every summer.小时候,每到夏天我们都要去游泳。He used to/would spend every penny he earned on books.过去,他通常把挣来的钱全花在买书上。2
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连词“while”的含义及译法 [2011-8-15] 连词while除具有“当时”、“同时”等意义外,根据上下文还有以下不同含义及其不同译法。一、引导时间状语从句译作“当……时”。例如:1. Make hay while the sun shines.趁着有太阳晒晒草。(乘机行事,抓紧时机。)2. We must work hard to gain more knowledge while we are young.趁着现在还年轻,我们必须刻苦学习,获得更多的知识。二、引导让步状语从句常放在句首,译作“尽管”、“虽然”,比although或 tho
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