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高考单项选择题中过去分词作状语考题探究与训练

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高考单项选择题中过去分词作状语考题探究与训练  

   

过去分词作状语的用法是高考英语单项选择题的命题热点之一,也是许多考生的丢分点之一。请看近几年来的考题:

【考题探究】  

           an important role in a new movie,Andy has a chance to become famous. 2011·四川)

A.Offer     B.Offering    C.Offered     D.To offer

【解析】由句子结构分析,此处应为过去分词短语原因状语,相当于状语从句As she is offered an important role in a new movie,Andy has a chance to become famous.又因为主语Andy 与分词之间是被动关系,故选C

2. ______ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. 2011·天津)A. Translating    B. Translated    C. To translate     D. Having translated

【解析】由句子结构分析,此处应为过去分词短语时间状语,相当于状语从句When it was translated into English , the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. 又因为主语 the sentence 与分词之间是被动关系,故答案应选B

3._____ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees .2010陕西)  

   A. Seen    B. Seeing C. Having seen     D. To see

【解析】由句子结构分析,此处应为现在分词短语时间状语,相当于状语从句When it is seen from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees .又因为主语the south foot与分词之间是被动关系,故选A

4.Though_________to see us,  the professor gave us a warm welcome. 2010全国Ⅱ)

A. surprising     B. as surprised    C. surprised    D being surprised

【解析】本题考查省略结构和非谓语动词考查。补完整为:Though he was surprised,主语一致,省略主语和系动词,即:分词在此让步状语。故答案是C

5. ________(油漆成)red, the building stands out among the rest and looks very attractive. 2010湖北)

【解析】本题考查分词方式状语。动词paint与主语the building之间是被动关系,故应填写painted

【用法归纳】从对上述几道高考题的分析来看,过去分词作状语时的用法有:

1)一般在句中作时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式、伴随状语等;

2 过去分词作状语,其逻辑主语通常要与主句一致;

3 过去分词充当状语时,其前可加once, though, unless 等连词, 此时相当于一个含有被动语态的状语从句。

  注意:过去分词只有一种形式。

【解题方法】 遇到这类题,首先要判断备选项中的非谓语动词与主语之间是否是被动关系;再次分析分词的逻辑主语是否与句子的主语一致:最后看将分词或分词短语是否能还原成表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式、伴随状语等从句。主从句句意是否连贯;需要特别提醒地是:如果分词备选项中有having been done not having been done等,那一定还要观察分词短语中是否有for five years , already, yet 或者主句中有then 等提示词语,如果有,那就说明这里需用现在分词完成式的被动式,而不是过去分词,因为过去分词只有一种形式。

【解题引路】请看下列各题的解题思路与分析过程:

1.___ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog. (09北京)

  A. Being bitten B. Bitten  C. Having bitten D. To be bitten    

【解析】分词bitten与主语the postman之间是被动,分词bitten的逻辑主语与the postman一致,本句可以还原成As he was bitten by our dog twice , the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.另外,依据twice一词说明分词的动作已经发生。故本题答案是A  

2.   not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. (09福建)  

A. Reminding  B. Reminded   C. To remind   D. Having reminded  

【解析】非谓语动词做状语,逻辑主语是句子的主语the manager,非谓语动词与句子主语是被动关系,且其表示的动作在谓语动词set out之前已经发生,非谓语动词用过去分词,本句可以还原成时间状语从句When he was reminded not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry。故选B  

3. ______ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. (09江西) A. Giving   B. Having given C. To give D. Given 

【解析】如果把句子补充完整就不难看出:If they are given the right kind of training , 可知主语they these teenager soccer playersgive 之间是被动的关系,所以用过去分词。根据主、从句主语一致可省略从句主语的原则,连词if 也可省,所以得出given the right kind of training , these teenager soccer players……。故本题选D

4.A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all four people on board. (09上海)  A. killed B. killing C. kills D. to kill 

【解析】如果把句子补充完整就不难看出:A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, so that it killed all four people on board结果状语从句可知主语A small planekill之间是主动关系,所以这里要用现在分词的一般式,故选B  

5.________ many times, he finally understood it. (09四川)

 A. Told   B. Telling C. Having told D. Having been told    

【解析】tell与句子主语he之间是被动关系,但分词短语中含有many times说明tell的动作发生在句子谓语动词understood之前,所以要用现在分词完成式的被动式,故选D   

6._____ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. (09天津)A. Being encouraged  B. Encouraging C. Encouraged  D. Having encouraged

【解析】根据分词后的短语by the advances in technology可知分词与句子主语many farmers之间是被动关系,另外本句可以还原成原因状语从句Since they were encouraged many times, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land成立,故选C  

7._______and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of   Mount   Tai  . (09浙江)A. To tire  B. Tired     C. Tiring     D. Being tired

【解析】备选项中的动词tire与句子主语Andy and Ruby之间是被动关系,另外本句可以还原成让步状语从句While they were tired and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of  Mount  Tai成立,故选B  

8.Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______with his old one. (09重庆)

   A. comparing    B. compares C. to compare   D. compared    

【解析】备选项中的动词compare与句子主语.Michael’s new house之间是被动关系,另外本句可以还原成原因状语从句Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, as it is compared with his old one.成立,故选D   

9.          to reach them on the phonewe sent an email instead. (08重庆)

A.Fail  B.FailedC.To fail       D.Having failed  

【解析】备选项中的动词fail与句子主语we 之间是主动关系,另外本句可以还原成原因状语从句As he had failed to reach them on the phonewe sent an email instead 成立,故选D

10.                   in the queue for half an hourthe old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. (08福建) A.Waiting B.To wait C.Having waited D.To have waited

【解析】  逗号前的部分是时间状语,不定式一般不作时间状语,首先排除BD两项;wait的动作在realize之前,故用分词的完成式。故选C  

11.      for the breakdown of the school computer networkAlice was in low spirits. (06福建)

A.Blaming  B.Blamed  C.To blame     D.To be blamed

【解析】blame为及物动词,后面必须跟宾语,blameAlice是动宾(被动)关系,这里过去分词作状语表被动、完成。故选B

【小试牛刀】请运用上述方法试做下列各题:

1. ______by their English teacher, Xiao qiang began to like English Weekly.  

 A.Influence   B.To Influence  C.Influenced  D.Having been influenced

2.This is an illness that can result in total blindness if _____untreated.

   A. leaving  B. left  C. is left  D. to leave 

3. Contrast(对照) may make something appear more beautiful than it is when_____alone.

   A. seen  B. to be seen  C. is seen  D. having been seen

4.The flowers his friend gave him will die unless_____every day.

   A. watered  B. watering  C. water  D. to water  

5._______at in this way, the present situation about bird flu doesn’t seem so disappointing.

  A. Looking  B. Looked  C. having looked  D. To look 

6.In order not to be found, I’ll spend the night _____in your room.

   A. locking  B. locked  C. to lock  D. lock 

7._______carefully, the mixture was bitter.A. Tasted  B. Tasting C. Taste D. To taste

8._____in a recent science competition, the three  students were awarded scholarships totaling $21,000.   A. To be judged the best  B. Judged  the best 

C. Having judged the best  D. Judging the best

9. It is an illness that can result in death unless ___in time.A. to treat B. treating C. treated D. treat

10.______in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor.

   A. Dressed  B. To dress  C. Dressing  D. Having dressed

11. When first_____to the market, the toys didn’t attract much attention.

   A. introducing  B. introduced  C. was introduced   D. being introduced 

12. _____with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all.

   A. Compare  B. When comparing  C. Comparing  D. When compared

13.If ______in front of the map of China, Shaanxi province is very small on it.

   A. seen  B. seeing  C. to see D. having been seeing

14 My brother , who is a middle school student, although____from smoking, has fallen into the bad habit of smoking. A. stopping  B. stopped  C. has stopped  D. to be stopped 

15.While _______to go to school every day , they haven’t worked at lessons there.  

  A. forcing  B. forced  C. to force  D. having forced   

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