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高中英语教材重难点:高二Unit 16--20
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:本站整理 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2006-6-12 | 字体: |

Unit 16 The United States of America
一、重难点解析
1.The city saw a series of fierce fights between blacks and whites in the 1960s and Dr King was shot and killed in 1968. 在20世纪60年代,这座城市目睹了黑人和白人之间一连串激烈的冲突,金博士在1968年被枪杀。
在英语中常用形象的写法赋予无生命的主语以人或人的团体所特有的动作,以增加句子的表现力。类似的用法有:
My watch says five. 按我的表,现在五点了。
2.in vain的意思似"徒然";"枉然"。例如:
The police tried in vain to break up the protest crowds. 警察企图驱散抗议的人群,但没有成功。
All our work was in vain. 我们所有的工作都白费了。
3.as a result是固定搭配,译作"结果";"因此"。例如:
I was caught in the rain on my way home. As a result I had a bad cold. 我在回家的路上淋了雨,结果患上了重感冒。
She was late as a result of the heavy traffic. 她因交通拥挤而迟到。
4.in turn意思是"轮流";"依次";"反过来"。例如:
He stayed with his mother till nearly midnight, comforting her and being comforted in turns. 他陪母亲差不多到深夜,安慰她,母亲反过来也安慰他。
We found that Helen had told Tom, and he in turn had told Helen's sister. 我们发现海伦已经告诉了汤姆,汤姆又告诉了海伦的妹妹。
二、日常用语
1.How long / wide / high / tall is ...?
2.It's ... metres / feet long / wide / high / tall.
3.There is ... in the north.
4.It looks like ...

Unit 17 Disabilities
一、重难点解析
1.I know people are trying to help, but I wish they wouldn't treat me as if I were a child. 我知道人们在努力帮助我,但是我希望他们不要把我看成小孩子。
but之后的句子用虚拟语气表示与现实情况不相符,表示说话人的愿望。
2.People like Xiaowen and many other disabled people in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education. 在我国像晓文和许多其他残疾人这样的人,使我们明白给每个人受教育的机会的重要性。
3.... winning is not about being the first one across the finish line or scoring the most goals, but it is about being the best you can be. ......胜利并不是第一个冲过终点线或得到最多的得分,而是尽你所能做到最好。
二、日常用语
1.I probably couldn't ...
2.I would not be able to ...
3.It would be difficult to ...
4.I'm sure I would be able to ...
5.I could ...
6.I would try to ...
7.If I ..., I would be able to ...
8.I would need help to ...
9.I would need a / an ...

Unit 18 Inventions
一、重难点解析
1.These chopsticks are both delicious and environmentally friendly. 这些筷子既好吃又保护环境。
environmentally friendly的意思是"保护环境"。friendly常与一些词连用,说明"容易的"、"易被某些特定对象理解或使用的",常用于合成词。类似的用法还有: user-friendly(电脑)使用者易使用的,好使用的;a reader-friendly manual易于理解的手册;a consumer-friendly policy有益消费者的政策。
2.get / be stuck 意思是"被困住"。类似的用法有:
I got stuck when I misspelt a word in a crossword puzzle. 我在拼写一个纵横字谜中的词时卡住了。
3.otherwise用作副词,译作"要不然";"否则"。例如:
He reminded me of what I would otherwise have forgotten. 他提醒了我,要不然我就会忘了这件事。
4.after all 意思是"终究";"毕竟"。例如:
It has turned out to be a nice day after all.天气终于转晴了。
We admire him although he made many mistakes; after all he was a great man. 尽管他犯了许多错误,我们仍然钦佩他,他毕竟是个伟人。
5.now (that)意思是"既然";"由于"。例如:
Now (that) you are grown up, you should no longer depend on your parents. 既然你长大了,就不应该依靠你的父母。
Now (that) he is well again, he can go on with his English study. 既然恢复了健康,他就可以继续学习英语。
二、日常用语
1.The invention can help people ...
2.What does it look like?
3.What's it made of?
4.This new invention will make it possible for people to ...
5.This is a new way of ...
6.How does it work?
7.How would people use it?

Unit 19 The Merchant of Venice
一、重难点解析
1.It sometimes happens that some people are in a position where they can make an important decision about a person they hate.有时有这样的事情发生,人们处在某个位置,这个位置可使他们对所恨的人做出重大的决定。
where引导限制性定语从句,常用来修饰表示地点的名词,在本句中修饰a position。例如:
I know of a place where we can have fun. 我知道一个可以玩得很开心的地方。
Is there a shop around where we can buy some fruit? 附近有什么商店可以买到水果?
2.any more常用于含有否定意义的结构或疑问句中,表示"再也(不);(不)再"。例如:
He doesn't come here any more. 他再也不到这儿来了。
Aren't they making this model any more? 难道他们不再做这种模型了吗?
We promised not to quarrel any more. 我们答应再也不争吵了。
3.may / might as well do sth (as do sth else) 意思是"还是做某事好";"不如做某事"。例如:
We may as well have a try and see if it can be done. 我们还是试一试,看看能否办成。
There is nothing to do, so I may as well go to bed. 没什么事可做,我还是上床睡觉好了。
4.Please be seated. 请就座。
这是一个固定的用法,例如:
He then asked me to be seated. 然后他让我坐下。
He was seated at the piano, with his back to the audience. 他坐在钢琴前,背对着观众。
5.right和wrong可用作名词,例如:
Little children do not know right from wrong. 小孩不能分辨是非。
He has a perfect sense of right and wrong. 他有是非观念。
6.pay back的意思是"偿还";"报答";"报复"。例如:
Susan doesn't know how to pay him back for his help. 苏珊得到他的帮助,不知如何回报。
I have paid him back for the trick he played on me. 他捉弄了我,我已回敬了他。
7.However, he agreed to lend Antonio the money on one condition. 不管怎么说,他答应借钱给安东尼奥,但有一个条件。
condition在此句中的意思是"提出的条件",类似的用法有:
He agree to these conditions. 他答应了这些条件。
I can let you have it on very favourable conditions. 我能让你在优惠条件下得到它。
8.He is young, but I never knew so young a body with so wise a head. 他很年轻,但是我过去从来不知道有这么年轻又如此聪明的人。
注意so用在so ... a(n) 结构中,起强调名词前的形容词的作用。例如:
I have never seen so beautiful a child. 我从来没见过这么漂亮的孩子。
He never wrote so good a book as his first one again. 他再也没有写出一本和他的处女作一样好的书。
9.at the mercy of 意思是"任......摆布";"在......前毫无办法";"由......掌握"。例如:
The match was at the mercy of the weather. 比赛要视天气而定。
I shouldn't like to be at the mercy of such a cruel man. 我不想让这样残酷的人摆布我。
二、日常用语
1.Correct me if I'm wrong, but ...
2.You shouldn't forget that ...
3.What shouldn't be forgotten is ...
4.One of the most important facts is ...
5.You could, for example, ...
6.The way I would go about it ...
7.As far as I know ...
8.After all, ...
9.But in this particular case ...

Unit 20 Archaeology
一、重难点解析
1.have a hand in 意思是"参与";"插手";"对某事负部分责任"。例如:
George would like to have a hand in arranging the entertainment. 乔治想参与安排这次接待(娱乐)活动。
I can't promise much. I am not the only one who has a hand in things in this town. 我不能答应太多。镇里的事不是我一个人说了算。
2.may后加动词不定式(不带to)的完成式,表示对过去的推测,认为某事可能已发生。例如:
She may have gone to the library. 她可能去图书馆了。
He may have missed the plane. 他也许没赶上飞机。
3.in terms of 意思是"用......的话";"以......的观点";"就......而言"。例如:
In terms of the numbers in employment the hotel industry was the second largest Swiss industry in 1929. 在1929年,就雇佣的人数来说,旅馆业是瑞士第二大产业。
He thought of everything in terms of money. 他每件事都从钱的角度考虑。
4.remind sb of sth 意思是"使某人想起......";"提醒"。例如:
She reminded him of his girlfriend. 她使他想起了他的女朋友。
The story you have just told reminds me of an experience I once had. 你刚才讲的故事使我想起了我曾经有过的一段经历。
二、日常用语
1.I wonder what / who ...
2.I'm curious to ...
3.I wonder if / whether ...
4.I'm curious about ...
5.I really want to know ...
6.I'd love to know ...
7.What I'd really like to find out is ...
8.I'd like to know more about ...

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