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高中英语教材重难点:高二Unit 11--15
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Unit 11 Scientific achievements
一、重难点解析
1.in store的意思是"就要到来";"必将发生"。例如:
I have a surprise in store for you. 我有个你意想不到的消息告诉你。
There are better days in store for you. 有好日子等着你。
2.set foot in / on 的意思是"进入","踏进"。例如:
He said he would never set foot in that house again. 他说他永远不再踏进那座房子了。
3.have an effect (on sb / sth)的意思是"(对某人、某物)产生作用、影响"。例如:
Her parents have a great effect on her. She wants to become a teacher in the future. 她的父母对她的影响很大,她将来想做一名教师。
4.rely on的意思是"依赖";"依靠"。例如:
We must rely on our own efforts to do it. 我们必须依靠自己的力量来完成它。
5.make ... clear的意思是"表明";"讲清楚"。例如:
Have I make myself clear? 我讲清楚了吗?
I will make the whole matter clear to you. 我将把整个事情给你讲清楚。
6.come to life的意思是"恢复生气";"活跃起来"。例如:
When I mentioned our plans for a trip abroad, the kids came to life at once. 当我一提起出国旅游的打算时,孩子们顿时兴致勃勃。
The quiet girl has come to life since she lived with her grandpa. 自从和爷爷生活在一起,这个沉默寡言的女孩就变得活泼起来。
7.In 1995, the Chinese government put forward a plan for "rejuvenating the nation by relying on science and education" and it has helped Chinese scientists make many breakthroughs. 1995年中国政府提出"科教兴国"的规划,帮助中国科学家取得了许多突破性的成就。
1)句重的it指的是a plan for "rejuvenating the nation by relying on science and education"。
2)put forward的意思是"提出主意、计划等"。例如:
He put forward several interesting plans. 他提出了几项令人感兴趣的计划。
It is an  explanation often put forward by our friend. 这是我们的朋友经常做出的解释。
3)rejuvenate用作动词,译为"使年轻";"使复原";"使恢复精神";"使恢复活力"。例如:
He was rejuvenated by new hope. 新的希望又使他充满了活力。
8.aim (sth) at意思是"(把......)瞄准";"目的在于";"企图"。at后面可跟名词或动词-ing短语。例如:
He aimed his gun at the target. 他把枪瞄准目标。
Those girls worked out every morning, aiming at a weight loss of ten pounds. 那些女孩每天早晨锻炼是为了减轻10磅体重。
9.It seems to be love at first byte for China and computers. 这就好象中国和计算机译见钟情一样。
at first sight意思是"第一眼",这里作者借用这一词组,将"sight"换成了计算机术语"byte",形象地说明了中国和计算机"一见钟情"。
二、日常用语
1.If I got the money, I would ...
2.My plan is ...
3.I hope that ...
4.I want / wish / hope / intend / plan to ...
5.I'd like to ...
6.I'm thinking of ...

Unit 12 Fact and fantasy
一、重难点解析
1.by用作介词,说明手段或方式时,可译作"通过";"用";"以";"由于"等,其后常跟名词或动-ing形式。例如:
The house is heated by gas. 这房子是用煤气取暖的。
He taught himself to play the violin by practising every night. 他每夜练习,自学拉小提琴。
2.turn out 后面跟不定式to be,表示"结果是......";"最后结果是......"。例如:
Though it looked like rain this morning, it has turned out to be a fine day. 尽管今早看起来要下雨,结果却是晴天。
3.throw light on / upon 表示"使某事显得非常清楚"的意思。例如:
The modern scientific development has thrown light on this question. 现代科学的发展已使这个问题明朗化。
Can you throw any light on the problem? 你能把这个问题阐述清楚吗?
4.Although I knew how to create life, how to prepare a body for it with all its muscles and organs still remained a difficult job. 尽管我知道如何创造生命,但如何用所有这些肌肉和器官为它(生命)准备一个身体还是项困难的工作。
此句although引导的是让步状语从句,how to prepare a body for it 是主句的主语,with 所带的介词短语表示动词 prepare 所需要的条件,remained 是主句的谓语。类似的用法还有:
Although I know how to do it, where to find the instruments still remained a big problem. 尽管我知道怎么做这件事情,但到哪里找到这些仪器还是个大问题。
5.I collected my instruments around me, with which I would light the flame of life in the dead thing that lay at my feet. 我把身边的仪器都收集起来,用这些仪器我可以将生命之光注入到躺在我脚下的这个没有生命的东西里。
本句with which引导的是非限制性定语从句,修饰主句中的宾语my instruments。因which在定语从句中充当介词宾语,一般将介词置于关系代词which的前面(固定的动词词组除外)。类似的用法有:
I lost the pen, with which I wrote my novel. 我把我用来写小说的钢笔弄丢了。
二、日常用语
1.I believe / suppose / doubt ...
2.I'm sure that ...
3.I'm (not) certain ...
4.I can't imagine ...
5.It could be ... but ...
6.It's likely ...
7.I can't believe my eyes.

Unit 13 The water planet
一、重难点解析
1.range from ... to 的意思是"从......到......不等";"在一定的范围(程度)内变化"。例如:
Temperatures here range from 10 degree centigrade to 30 degree centigrade. 这里的气温游移于摄氏10度到30度之间。
2.all the way 的意思是"一直";"始终"。例如:
Jack climbed all the way to the top of the tree. 杰克一直爬到了树顶。
All the way back, they talked about films and actors. 回来的路上,他们一直在谈论电影和演员。
3.whatever指"任何(一切)事或物",意思接近anything that。例如:
Talk to me about whatever is troubling you. 跟我说说令你烦恼的事吧。
Don't you know that she always succeeds in whatever she tries? 难道你不知道无论她努力干什么,她总会成功的吗?
二、日常用语
1.The water is being used to / for ...
2.We should / could ...
3.What will we do if ...?
4.If we ..., we can ...
5.It would be better to ...
6.Can you think of a better way to ...?

Unit 14 Freedom fighters
一、重难点解析
1.Although slavery ended in the USA in 1865, almost a hundred years before, the South had its own laws to continue the separation of blacks and whites. 尽管在1865年,差不多100年前,美国就结束了奴隶制度,南方却仍然拥有自己的法律,继续隔离黑人和白人。
二、日常用语
1.What happened first was that ...
2.... happened as a result of ...
3.You could expect ... because ...
4.That led to ...
5.One of the reasons why ... is ...
6.... is often followed by ...

Unit 15 Destinations
一、重难点解析
1.Every now and then, we get the itch to travel. 我们时不时会有去旅游的强烈渴望。
itch原义是"发痒",这里引申为"渴望";"迫切的愿望"的意思,是可数名词。例如:
Many people have an itch for excitement. 很多人渴望刺激。
2.Should you feel the urge to pack your bags and explore what the world has to offer, you might want to consider one of the destinations below. 如果你有迫切的愿望去打点行李、探索世界,你可能想考虑下列目的地中的一个。
should用于条件句,表示可能性,可译作"万一"。在正式场合,可将should置于句首而省略if。例如:
Should you run into Sunny, tell her she owns me a letter. 万一你碰见桑妮,告诉她她欠我一封信。
Should you have any difficulty in getting tickets, ring this number. 万一你买票有困难,就拨这个号码。
3.take a dip指"去进行为时不长的游泳或(在河海中)洗澡",类似的用法有: have / go for a dip。
4.work out指"进行锻炼、训练"。例如:
The boxers are working out at the gym. 拳击手们正在体育馆内训练。
Mr White keeps fit by working out for half an hour every morning. 怀特先生每天早晨锻炼半个小时以保持身体健康。
二、日常用语
1.I'm sorry to say ...
2.I hate to have to say this, but ...
3.Could you do something about ...
4.You really have to do something about ...
5.I will look into it immediately.
6.I'm so sorry.
7.Why didn't you tell me the truth?
8.Why don't you do something about it?
9.What seems to be the problem?
10.I'll do everything I can to help you.

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