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高中英语教材重难点:高二Unnit 1--5
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:本站整理 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2006-6-12 | 字体: |

Unnit 1 Making a difference
一、重难点解析
1.It takes a very unusual mind to understand analysis of the obvious. 分析明显存在的事物需要非凡的头脑。
2.(There did not seem) much point in working on my PhD --- I did not expect to survive that long. 取得博士学位对我来说似乎没有什么意义了,我没有期望活那么久。
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) 指"博士学位"。
1)There is no point in doing sth. 表示"做某事没有作用或没有意义"。例如:
There is no point in arguing further. 继续争辩下去没有意义了。
There's very little point in protesting. It won't help much. 抗议没有什么用,于事无补。
2)that在此处作副词,意为"那么",可以修饰形容词。this也有类似的用法。例如:
I didn't expect he was that rude. 我没料到他会那么粗鲁。
Please cut my hair about this much. 请把我的头发剪掉这么长。
3.Yet two years had gone by and I was not that much worse. 但两年过去了,我的情况却没有那么恶化。
go by意思是"(时间)过去"。例如:
Time went by so quickly. We are already at the end of our summer holiday. 时间过得真快,转眼我们就要过完暑假了。
4.get / be engaged to sb. 意思是"与某人订婚"。如:
Tom got engaged to Mary, whom he had met on the train.
5.turn out to be 意为"结果是";"最后的情况是"。例如:
The weatherman said it was going to rain this afternoon but it turned out to be very lovely. 天气预报说今天下午有雨,结果今天下午天气非常好。
The lecture turned out to be very dull. 讲座结果很沉闷。
6.Everyone has his or her special skills and interests, and only by discovering what we do best can we hope to reach our goals and truly make a difference. 每个人都有自己的专长和兴趣,只有发现自己的专长,我们才能期望达到自己的目标,真正有所作为。
后半句是个倒装句,正常语序应该是: We can hope to reach our goals and truly make a difference by discovering what we do best.
用倒装的目的是为了强调倒装部分。如:
Only in this way can you make progress in your English study. 只有这样你才能在英语学习上取得进步。
二、日常用语
1.That's correct.
2.That's true.
3.There is no doubt that ...
4.It's clear that ...
5.It's hard to say.
6.What's your idea?
7.I doubt about ...
8.Well, maybe, but ...
9.Have you thought about ...?

Unit 2 News media
一、重难点解析
1.more than表示"不仅仅"。例如:
If you tell your father what you've done, he will be more than a little angry. 如果你对你父亲实说了你做的事,他会很生气的。
2.Experienced editors and reporters make informed decisions about what events to report and how to report them. 富有经验的编辑和记者可以根据自己了解的情况来决定报道什么和如何报道。
experienced是动词的过去分词,在句中作定语,修饰editors and reporters。例如:
The unexpected arrival of the letter made us jump with joy. 那封信的突然到来使我们高兴得跳了起来。
注意: 现在分词和过去分词作定语的意义是不同的,现在分词表示主动,过去分词表示被动。例如:
1)He made an inspiring speech at the meeting. 他在会上做了一个鼓舞人心的讲话。
2)The inspired audience stood up and gave him a long and warm applause. 受到鼓舞的听众站起来,对他报以长时间的热烈掌声。
3.relate to sb. / sth.意思是"能理解或同情某人(某事物)"。例如:
Students find it difficult to relate to the life of a scientist. 学生们发现理解科学家的生活很困难。
relate (...) to 还可以表示"有关联的";"相关的"。例如:
If you relate the results to the cause, you will find things are not that simple. 如果你把结果和原因联系起来看,你会发现事情并不那么简单。
4.for once 表示"(至少)这一次(平时不是这样)"。例如:
For once, Brown, the toughest man, was asking for support. 只有这一次,布朗这个硬汉,开口求人了。
5.A reporter begins by contacting the people to be interviewed and then prepares questions. 记者先联系被采访人,然后准备问题。
to be interviewed 是动词不定式的被动形式,在这里用作定语。例如:
First he made a list of the names of those to be invited. Then he began to write the invitation cards. 他先列出需要邀请的人的名单,然后开始写邀请函。
注意: 动词的-ing形式,过去分词和不定式的被动形式都可以作定语,但时间含义上有所不同。例如:
1)the meeting to be held tomorrow 明天要召开的会议
2)the meeting held yesterday 昨天已开过的会议
3)the meeting being held now 现在正在召开的会议
6.be / get / become addicted to ... 意思是"对......有(上)瘾的"。例如:
Soon he became addicted to cigarettes. 他很快就有了烟瘾。
7.The result is a better understanding of the world on all sides, leading to a future world where people from all countries are respected and different views and opinions are tolerated. 结果会使人们更好地了解世界的方方面面,以至于在未来的世界里,所有国家的人都能受到尊重,不同见解和观点都能受到包容。
1)leading to a future world where ...是现在分词短语,在句中作状语,短语中的where引导定语从句,用以修饰a future world。
2)on all sides (亦作on every side)意思是"在各方面";"四方八面"。例如:
On all sides there was great enthusiasm over his speech. 他的讲演激起各界人士极大的热情。
They were trapped with enimies on every side. 他们陷入困境,四面楚歌。
8.nine out of ten 表示"十分之九";"百分之九十"。类似的说法还有:
One child in twenty suffers from this disease. 每20个孩子中有一个患这种病。
Nine out of ten people will not agree with you. 十个人里面有九个不会同意你的意见。
Four of the ten children there can go to school. 在那里十个孩子中有四个可以上学。
二、日常用语
1.What do you think of ...?
2.What's your opinion?
3.Why do you choose ...?
4.Perhaps ... is more important.
5.I would rather choose ...
6.I don't think we should choose ...
7.Maybe it would be better to choose ...
6.Our readers want to know about ...

Unit 3 Art and architecture
一、重难点解析
1.find sb. doing sth. 表示"发现某人做某事";find sth. done 表示"发现某事(被)做成了"。doing sth.和done都是宾语补足语。例如:
He woke up to find himself lying on the beach. "Thank God," he said to himself. 他醒来发现自己躺在海滩上。"感谢上帝,"他自言自语道。
Have you ever found two nouns used together in this way? 两个名词像这样一起用的例子你见过吗?
They came home only to find the rooms broken into. 他们回到家中,结果发现有人闯进过屋子。
2.go against 意思是"违背";"违反"。例如:
Her father is so strict that she is scared to go against his wishes. 她的父亲非常严厉,所以她害怕违背他的意愿。
3.A is to B what C is to D. 这是一个比喻结构,意为"A对B而言正如C对D一样"。
4.The simple style of the buildings and the fact that they are German set them aside as very different from Chinese architecture. 建筑物简朴的风格和德国式样使它们在中国建筑中与众不同。
1)此句的主语是The style and the fact,其中fact带有一个由that引起的同位语从句。句子的谓语动词是set ... aside,后面as引起的是状语部分。
2)set ... aside 意思是"把......放在一边"。例如:
The complaint was set aside as of no important. (对方的)诉苦被看成是无所谓的事而放在一边。
Peter set aside the papers he was marking and reached for his cigarettes and matches. 彼得把他正在阅读的论文放在一边,伸手去拿香烟和火柴。
二、日常用语
1.I'd rather ...
2.I'm much more interested ...
3.In my opinion, ...
4.I really prefer ...
5.I wouldn't feel happy if ...
6.I'm not very interested in ...
7.I don't get very excited about ...
8.If you ask me, then ...
9.I prefer something that ...
10.I like seeing something ...
11.What I like is ...
12.I can't stand ...

Unit 4 A garden of poems
一、重难点解析
1.call up 意思是"召唤";"会议";"汇集"。例如:
The trip called up happy memories of my youth. 这趟旅行勾起了我对年轻时代的幸福回忆。
He called up all the information from the computer. 他从计算机中调出了所有信息。
2.stand out 意思是"突出";"引人注意"。例如:
David stands out as a computer programme designer. 大卫是个出众的计算机编程员。
In this list two names stand out particularly. 这个名单上有两个名字很显眼。
3.belong to 意思是"属于"。例如:
Whom does this umbrella belong to? 这雨伞是谁的?
Two-thirds of the members in the club belong to the wealthy class. 俱乐部中三分之二的成员属于富裕阶层。
4.absence本意为"缺席",但翻译时可以根据上下文译为不同的汉语。例如:
During his absence from Guangzhou his co-workers did a lot of work. 他不在广州的这些日子里,他的同事干了不少工作。
In the absence of these conditions, it won't work well. 没有这些条件,它的效果不会很好。
5.Greatly loved in China are the English Romantic poets. 英国浪漫主义诗人深受中国人的喜爱。                
这是一个倒装句,有时为了突出表语,句子可以倒装。例如:
Great have been the changes here since 1990. 自从1990年后,这里的变化很大。
Such as Albert Einstein, a simple man of great achievements. 爱因斯坦就是这样一个人,既平凡又成绩卓著。
6.Quietly, we embrace 我们静静地相拥
In a world lit up by words. 在这个用语言照亮的世界里。
7.If I see you next to never, 如果我看不到你的身影,
How can I say forever? 又怎能说天长日久?
二、日常用语
1.I'm interested to ... but ...
2.I think I might want to ...
3.I want to ...
4.I'd like to ...
5.I've never heard of ... so ...
6.I've never read any ... so ...
7.I think it will be difficult to ...
8.I think it will be boring ...
9.I'm (not) very interested in ... so ...
10.I hope to find ...
11.I don't know how much about ... but ...

Unit 5 The British Isles
一、重难点解析
1.a matter of ...表示"一个......的问题"。例如:
How is tea made? It isn't simply a matter of soaking a tea bag in hot water. 茶是如何沏成的?那不仅仅是把茶包放入开水中的问题。
It's only a matter of time before the police get him. 警察抓住他只是时间问题。
2.consist of 意思是"由......组成"。例如:
This cake mainly consists of sugar, flour and butter. 这个蛋糕的主要原料是白糖、面粉和黄油。
3.The idea that England stands for Fish & Chips, Speakers' Corner, Big Ben and the Tower of London is past. 用炸鱼土豆条、讲演角、大本钟和伦敦塔象征英国的时代已经过去了。
句中that引导的从句是同位语从句。同位语从句与定语从句很相似,但前者是名词性从句,后者是形容词性从句。同位语从句用来进一步说明前面名词的内容;定语从句用来修饰前面的名词。同位语从句中的连词在句中不充当句子成分;定语从句的连词则是从句的成分,如主语、宾语等。如:
I made a promise that if anyone sent the bag back to me, I would share the money inside with him or her. 我许愿说无论谁把钱包还回来,我都与他或她分享里面的钱。(同位语从句)
Mother made a promise that excited all her children. 妈妈许了一个诺言,使所有孩子都非常高兴。
4.make the most use of 意思是"充分利用"。例如:
George studied hard. He wanted to make the most of his time to learn. 乔治学习很努力,他要充分利用自己的时间学习。
You have only a short holiday, so make the most of it. 你的假期很短,好好利用吧。
5.at one point 意思是"在某处";"一度"。例如:
At one point in the meeting she nearly lost her temper. 会议上她一度几乎要大发雷霆。
6.be of great value 即 be very valuable,意思是"是非常有价值的"。例如:
A college education is of great value in one's life. 高等教育在人生中很重要。
We consider his work to be of great value. 我们觉得他的工作很有价值。
7.The cathedral is famous for the height of its tower, which is without doubt the highest and the most handsome in England, being from the ground 404 feet. 大教堂因它的塔高而闻名于世,该塔毫无异议地成为英国最高、最漂亮的塔,塔顶距地面404英尺高。
being from the ground 404 feet 在本句中作状语。例如:
Being painted, her house looked in a mess. 由于正在粉刷,她的房子看起来一团糟。
I was scared and feeling pretty anxious, this being my first time in a new country. 因为这是我第一次出国,我感到害怕和焦虑。
二、日常用语
1.Don't you think that ...?
2.I don't think that's right ...
3.I don't think so.
4.You must be mistaken ...
5.No, you are wrong thinking that ...
6.I'm afraid you're wrong ...
7.Aren't you confusing ...?
8.I'm not so sure about that ...
9.Surely it must be ...
10.Yes, you are right, but ...
11.Yes, I agree with you.
12.I believe that you've got it right.

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