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高三选修10 Unit 2 King Lear语法讲解
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-11-9 | 字体: |

语法知识归纳梳理—状语

英语里做状语的主要是副词、词组、非限定性动词短语和状语从句。有时间状语、地点状语、原因状语、条件状语、目的状语、让步状语、方式状语、比较状语、结果状语、伴随状语等。现分述如下:

1、单个副词做状语

The burden of government sits heavily on my shoulders.治理国家的担子沉重地落在我肩上。

The soldier was wounded seriously.那为士兵伤得非常严重。

真题:

1.It’s always difficult being in a foreign country, _____ if you don’t speak the language. (2000全国)

A. extremely    B. naturally    C. basically    D. especially

解析:especially表示“突出一定范围内的某一些”。故选D。

2.Two middle-aged passengers fell into the sea. _____ , neither of them could swim. (2002春招)

A. In fact    B. Luckily    C. Unfortunately    D. Naturally

解析:unfortunately表示“意外”。故选C。

3.Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t always _____ much to do. (2004广东)

A. such     B. that     C. more    D. very

解析:that作副词,常用在口语中,指“有一定参照标准”的量:that much那么多。故选B。

4.The great success of this programme has been _____ due to the support given by the local businessmen.(2004广东)

A. rather    B. very    C. quickly    D. largely

解析:largely含有“广泛、主要”的意思。故选D。

5.It is ____ any wonder that his friend doesn’t like watching television much. (2004广东)

A. no    B. such    C. nearly    D. hardly

解析:hardly是否定义副词:几乎不。。。,从本句的逻辑判断只能选D。

6.I must be getting fat. I can _____ do my trousers up. (2004吉林)

A. fairly    B. hardly    C. nearly    D. seldom

解析:同上。故选B。

7.—I was riding along the street and all of a sudden, a car cut in and knocked me down.

—You can never be ____ careful in the street. (2003北京)

A. much    B. very    C. so    D. too

解析:never too的意思是:无论怎么也不过分。故选D。

8.Finnish President said Finland-China relations had progressed _____ with fruitful co-operation in new and high-tech fields. (2004上海)

A. peacefully   B. highly   C. quietly   D. smoothly

解析:smoothly是“平稳地”意思,其余三个备选答案不能和progress搭配。故选D。

9.Mr. Smith used to smoke _____ but he has given it up. (2004天津)

A. seriously    B. heavily   C. badly   D. hardly

解析:该题备选答案中只有heavily可以和smoke搭配。故选B。

10.Most people on this island are recreational fishers, and _____ , fishing forms an actual part of their leisure time. (2004上海)

A. accidentally   B. purposefully   C. obviously   D. formally

解析:该句中的副词是从全句的逻辑关系上来确定的。故选C。

11.That doesn’t sound very frightening, Paul. I’ve seen _____ . What did you like most about the film? (2004湖南)

A. better    B. worse    C. best   D. worst

解析:该句是考“比较”等级的。根据逻辑判断,是反向比较。故选B。

12.It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood ______ to her mother. (2002北京)

A. close    B. closely   C. closed    D. closing

解析:close to sth是“离。。。很近、紧挨着。。。”意思。故选A。

2、词组做状语

I cannot describe my feelings with such fancy words.我无法用这些花哨的言辞描述我的感情。

In expressing her love for you, my sister has also expressed mine.我姐姐表达对你的爱时,也表达了我对你的爱。

真题:

1. You’re standing too near the camera. Can you move _______ ? (2000上海)

A. a bit far   B. a little farther   C. a bit of farther   D. a little far

解析:该题考查1)比较级2)比较级的修饰语。故选B。

2. —I hear they aren’t pleased with the house you’ve chosen for them.(2003北京)

—Well, ______ could they live in such comfort?

A. where else    B. what else    C. how    D. why

解析:该题live 后有介词in,所以考生很容易把正确选项排除掉。实际上此in与后面的such comfort构成介词短语。故选A。

3. ____ , some famous scientists have the qualities of being both careful and careless. (2004上海)

A. Strangely enough    B. Enough strangely    C. Strange enough    D. Enough strange

解析:该题考查1)形容词与副词的区别2)enough做状语时的位置(要后置;做定语时可以前置也可以后置)。故选A。

4. The house rent is expensive. I’ve got about half the space I had at home and I’m paying _____ here. (2003上海)

A. as three times much    B. as much three times

C. much as three times    D. three times as much

解析:考查“比较”。故选D。(参见本单元“重要句型详解”第2条第2小题)

5. As far as I am concerned, education is about learning and the more you learn, _____ . (02上海)

A. the more for life are you equipped    B. the more equipped for life you are

C. the more life you are equipped       D. you are equipped the more for life

解析:该句考查the more… , the more…结构。故选B。

3、非限定性动词短语做状语

You do wrong to cause friction between yourself and your daughter.你做错了,导致了您和您的女儿之间的摩擦。

To study English well, we do reading aloud every morning.为学好英语,我们早晨都做朗读。

Given enough time, we can perform this play very well.我们如果有足够的时间,可以把这出戏表演得非常好。

Seeing from the top of the hill, we can find our school very beautiful.从这山顶上看,我们发现我们的学校非常漂亮。

A group of children came out of the classroom, laughing and talking.一群孩子有说有笑地从教室里走出来。

真题:

1. _____ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation. (2000春招)

A. Given    B. To give    C. Giving    D. Having given

解析:过去分词短语表示“被动”,做“条件状语”。故选A。

2. _____ late in the morning, Bob turned off the alarm. (2001春招)

A. To sleep    B. Sleeping    C. Sleep    D. Having slept

解析:不定式短语做目的状语,放在句首表示“强调”。故选A。

3. _____ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. (2001全国)

A. Having suffered    B. Suffering   C. To suffer    D. Suffered

解析:现在分词完成式表示“已发生”、“主动”。其逻辑主语是the river。故选A。

4. _____ from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes. (2001上海)

A. Suffered    B. Suffering    C. Having suffered    D. Being suffered

解析:理由同上题,但其逻辑主语是Professor White。故选C。

5. He sent me an e-mail, ____ to get further information. (2000上海)

A. hoped    B. hoping    C. to hope    D. hope

解析:现在分词短语做“伴随目的状语”。故选B。

6. _____ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player. (2003北京)

A. Having given    B. To give    C. Giving   D. Given

解析:参见本小节第1小题。he承受given表示的动作。故选D。

7. You were silly not _____ your car. (2004湖南)

A. to lock   B. to have locked   C. locking    D. having locked

解析:不定式短语做原因状语,完成式表示该动作发生在were之前。故选B。

8. After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, _____ . (2004上海)

A. exhausting    B. exhausted     C. being exhausted    D. having exhausted

解析:过去分词做伴随结果状语,等于and were exhausted。故选B。

9. The news reporters hurried to the airport, only _____ the film star had left. (2004福建)

A. to tell    B. to be told    C. telling    D. told

解析:不定式的被动结构表示tell回指到reporters上;only修饰不定式强调结果。故选B。

4、从句做状语

(比较常用的引导词有:when, whenever, before, after, once, until, till, while, as, since, ever since, where, wherever, so, so(…)that, such…that/as, provided, if, as if/though, unless, though, although, whereas, because, than, No sooner …than…, Hardly… when…, the moment, immediately, as soon as, as…as…, not so …as…, in order that…, for fear that…, no matter+特殊疑问词,whether… or not…, For all that…, in case, as long as…, whoever等等)

I love you more than all the riches in the world.我爱您胜过爱世界上所有的财富。

I’m sorry but I’m not as clever as my sisters (are).很抱歉,我没有姐姐们那样伶俐。

The head-teacher praised Tom so that he could work even harder.班主任表扬了汤姆,以便他能更加努力地学习。

Even if he had been operated on without delay, the patient would not have been saved.病人即使得到及时的手术,生命也无法挽救。

The moment I see her I’ll tell her that you are looking for her.一见到她,我就告诉她你在找她。

真题:

1. John may phone tonight. I don’t want to go out _____ he phones. (2000全国)

     A. as long as    B. in order that    C. in case    D. so that

解析:根据题意逻辑,应该是“以防他打电话来”。故选C。

2. Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but they hung up _____ I could answer the phone. (2000全国)

A. as     B. since     C. until     D. before

解析:在接电话之前就挂断了。故选D。

3. The famous scientist grew up _____ he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. (2002上海)

A. when     B. whenever     C. where     D. wherever

解析:这是地点状语从句。故选C。

4. He was about to tell me the secret _____ someone patted me on the shoulder.(2002上海)

A. as     B. until     C. while     D. when

解析:这是并列句,主句部分表示“背景”,在此背景下“突然”发生另一动作。故选D。

5. Sally worked late in the evening to finish her report _____ her boss could read it first next morning. (2003北京)

A. so that     B. because     C. before     D. or else

解析:“老板能在第二天早上第一时间读到她写的报告”是她的“目的”。故选A。

6. —How far away do they live? (2003上海)

— _____ I know, they live in the same neighbourhood.

A. As long as    B. As far as    C. As well as    D. As often as

解析:as far as I know是“就我所知”的意思。故选B。

7.I do every single bit of housework _____ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. (2004广西)

A. since    B. while    C. when    D. as

解析:该句意思是“我……而我丈夫……”,这里只有while能表示“转折”。故选B。

8.—Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? (2001全国)

—Yes, I gave it to her _____ I saw her.

A. while    B. the moment    C. suddenly    D. once

解析:名词短语the moment引导时间状语从句。故选B。

9. Don’t be afraid of asking for help _____ it is needed. (2003全国)

A. unless    B. since    C. although    D. when

解析:时间状语从句。故选D。

10. _____ , I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. (2001上海)

A. As long as I have traveled     B. Now that I have traveled to much

C. Much as I have traveled       D. As I have traveled to much

解析:as引导让步状语从句许倒装。故选C。

11. _____ I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person. (2004江苏)

A. While    B. Since    C. Before    D. Unless

解析:while引导让步状语从句,含有“同时性”意思。故选A。

12. You should try to get a good night’s sleep _____ much work you have to do. (2004湖北)

A. however     B. no matter     C. although    D. whatever

解析:however引导让步状语从句,在从句本身作状语修饰much。故选A。

13. _____ modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. (2004浙江)

A. While     B. Since     C. As     D. If

解析:理由参见本小节第11小题。故选A。

14. ______ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. (2003北京)

A. Even though    B. Unless    C. As long as    D. While

解析:as long as是“只要”的意思(与if有区别)。故选C。

15. It was evening _____ we reached the little town of Winchester. (2004天津)

A. that    B. until    C. since     D. before

解析:这是时间状语从句,“还没来得及……就…”“在……之前就……”。故选D。

16. _____ , I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. (2004上海)

A. However the story is amusing    B. No matter amusing the story is

C. However amusing the story is    D. No matter how the story is amusing

解析:参见本小节第12小题。故选C。

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