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高三选修10 Unit 2 King Lear课文难句解析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-11-9 | 字体: |

课文长句难点剖析

1. For whichever of you has for me the most devotion I will give to her the best part of everything I own.

剖析:这是复杂的主从复合句。

1)连词for引导的原因状语从句是顺便说明原因的,通常要放在主句后。此句中该从句与其前面的句子有逻辑上的“因”“果”关系。否则,不能放在主句的前面。比如:

Kent didn’t come today, for he has been ill.肯特今天没有来,因为他生病了。

回答why提出的问题要用because引导的的句子。比如:

— Why didn’t you stop thief while he was passing by?

— Because I hadn’t known he was a thief before you told me that.

2)whichever“无论哪一个”通常用来指物。比如:

   Whichever you want is yours.你要什么就拿什么。

  Choose whichever of them you like best.挑选你最喜欢的。

3)“你们中的哪一个”是“第三人称”概念,所以,句子的谓语用单数第三人称has。再比如:I’ll give it to whichever of you wants it.无论你们中的谁要,我都会给的。

译文:(因为)你们当中无论是谁,只要最有孝心,我就把最好的一块给她。

2.This part is equal in value to what I give to Goneril.

剖析:介词短语in value(在价值上/方面)作状语表示范围;what I give to Goneril是宾语从句,从句引导词what作give的宾语。

译文:这一部分和我给贡纳莉的那一部分在价值上是相等的。

3. What have you to say to delight an old man and earn the best part of his kingdom.

剖析:短语have to do 是“不得不”的意思,要注意其与must的区别。比如:I had to go to bed before 10 last night for the electricity failed.昨晚停电了,我只好十点钟前就睡觉了(客观条件所迫)。 Students must go to bed before 10 in the night.学生十点钟前必须就寝(人的主观安排)。

译文:你说什么来取悦一位老人,赢得王国最好的部分呢?

4. I love you as it is right and proper for a daughter to love her father, neither less nor more.

剖析:1)as…在这里引导方式状语从句,修饰谓语动词love。as 还可以引导时间状语从句、原因状语从句、让步状语从句、条件状语从句等,

2)neither… nor…既不。。。。。。也不。。。。。。(参见本单元“关键短语精讲”第9条)

译文:我爱你如同一个女儿恰如其分地爱着父亲,一分不多,一分不少。

5. We’ll see if either wants to be a bridegroom when she has no riches to bring to the marriage.

剖析:either指“法国国王和勃艮第公爵”两人中的任何一个(either of them)。bring to“带来”的意思;不定式短语to bring to the marriage是修饰riches的定语。

译文:我们要看看,她没有分毫的嫁妆,谁会做她的新郎?

真题:

1.—There’s coffee and tea; you can have ______ . (2003全国)

—Thanks.

A. either   B. each    C. one   D. it

解析:either是代词,只两者中的任何一个。故选A。

2.I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but _____ of them came. (2004北京)

A. neither   B. either   C. none   D. both

解析:理由同上。故选A。

6. It’s as though the whole world has gone to sleep.

 剖析:  as though等于as if,引导表语从句。有时候从句要用虚拟语气。比如:

He fought as if his life were in danger.他挣扎着就好像有生命危险似的。

It seemed as though the night would never end.夜晚好像永无止尽。

译文:好像整个世界都睡着了。

7. And unless you want me to get rid of the rest of them too, I suggest you teach them how to behave properly. 

剖析:1)unless等于if (…) not,“除非”意思,引导条件状语从句。比如:

I will leave at 9 o’clock, unless you want to go earlier.我将9点钟出发,除非你想早一些走。

Don’t leave here unless instructed to.未得到指示不得离开!

真题:

1.The man will have to wait all day _____ the doctor works faster.(2001全国)

A. if    B. unless    C. whether    D. that

解析:unless引导条件状语从句,等于if…not。故选B。

2._____ you call me to say you’re not coming, I’ll see you at the theatre.(2004吉林)

A. Though    B. Whether    C. Until    D. Unless

解析:同上。故选D。

2)get rid of…意思是:摆脱、去掉、除去。比如:

He can’t get rid of the cold.他感冒老是不好。

3)you teach them how to behave properly是suggest的宾语从句、虚拟语气。suggest作为“建议”解释,其宾语从句用虚拟语气。比如:The doctor suggested Kent (should) be given an operation on right away.大夫建议应该立即给肯特动手术。The manager suggested that the meeting be brought to an end.经理建议结束会议。但是,作“表明、暗示”解释,其宾语从句不用虚拟语气。比如:Her expression suggested that she was angry.她的表情表明她很生气。

译文:你若不想让我把剩下的士兵也赶走的话,我建议你还是教教他们怎样守规矩。

8. The third daughter chose not to flatter her father with dishonest claims and instead told him she loved him only as much as her duty as a daughter required.

剖析:1)not to flatter her father with dishonest claims是否定的动词不定式作chose 的宾语。

真题:The teacher asked us _____ so much noise。(2003北京)

A. don’t make    B. not make    C. not making    D. not to make

解析:这是ask sb. (not) to do 结构。故选D。

2)as a daughter required是比较方式状语从句,是“像女儿要求的那样”意思。

译文:第三个女儿选择了不用溜须拍马奉承她的父亲,而是告诉他,她像做女儿所要求的那样尽女儿的职责爱戴他。

真题:I feel that one of my main duties _____ a teacher is to help the students to become better learners. (2004广东)

A. for    B. by    C. as    D. with

解析:as在此句中是介词,意思是:“作为……”,其余三个介词都没有此意。故选C。

9. The king then went backwards and forwards between his two daughters until he had no soldiers at all. 

剖析:连词until的意思:“直到……”,引导时间状语从句。当主句谓语动词是瞬间动词时,要用not…until结构。比如:We won’t start until Bob comes.我们要到鲍勃来的时候才开始。My daughter hadn’t gone to bed until I came back.我的女儿一直到我回来后才去睡觉。until也可以当介词用。比如: I’ll stay here until Friday.我要在这里呆到星期五。

译文:然后,国王在两个女儿之间来来往往、不停地被踢来踢去,一直到丧失了所有的卫士。

真题:

1.—Was his father strict with him when he was at school? (2003春招)

—Yes. He had never praised him _____ he became one of the top students in his grade.

A. after    B. unless    C. until    D. when

解析:not…until…是“直到……时候才……”的意思。但是当主句谓语动词是延续性动词时,主句用肯定结构。请参见下列2、3两小题。该题答案是C

2.A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners’ curiosity _____ he reaches the end of the story. (2003上海)

A. when    B. unless    C. after    D. until

解析:答案是D

3.We were told that we should follow the main road _____ we reach the central railway station. (2004辽宁)

A. whenever    B. until    C. while    D. wherever

解析:答案是B

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