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高三选修10 Unit 2 King Lear词组句型解析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-11-9 | 字体: |

词组句型用法全解

1. be allergic to sth  对。。。。。。过敏、讨厌

Nowadays most of young people are allergic to hard work.现在,大多数青年人讨厌累活。

2. hand over  交出、移交

The captain was unwilling to hand over the command of his ship to a younger man.船长不愿意把他船的指挥权交给一个年轻的人。

3. care for  喜欢、关心、照顾

I don’t care for tea; I like coffee better.我不喜欢茶;我比较喜欢喝咖啡。

4. speak out  大胆地说、清楚响亮地说

Speak out against our real enemies.要大胆地和我们真正的敌人做斗争。

5. pack up  打包、收拾行李/工具、停止工作

He was told by the boss to pack up.他被老板解雇了。

This company will probably pack up and move south.这家公司可能要停业南迁。

6. give away  送掉、放弃、泄露

The examiner has given away the answer.考试者已经泄密答案了。

His clothes gave him away.他的衣着泄露了他的身份。

7. be fond of   喜爱、爱好

You are too fond of leaving the door open when you go out.你有出去把门开着的坏毛病。

8. make a name  成名、得到名声

She made a name for herself as a painter.作为画家,她出名了。

9. neither… nor…  … 既不….也不…

Neither have I known her nor I want to.我既不认识她,也不想认识她。

Regan said that she needed neither the land of the kingdom nor the wealth her father would give her but true love.里根说她既不需要王国的领土也不需要父亲(给她的)财富,她只需要真正的爱。

真题:

1.Of the making of good books there is no end; neither ____ any end to their influence on man’s lives.(2004广东)

A. there is   B. there are   C. is there   D. are there

解析:neither开头的句子要部分倒装,同时考虑主谓一致。故选C。

2.—I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible!

— _________ .(2004广西)

A. Nor am I    B. Neither would I   C. Same with me   D. So do I

解析:理由同上。故选B。

10. no longer  不再。。。。。。。

My hometown is no longer what it used to be.我的家乡不再是过去的那个样子了。

请比较:他不再抽烟了。→He no longer smokes./He smokes no more.→He doesn’t smoke any longer. /He doesn’t smoke any more. 注意:所谈及的事既能从“量”又能从“时间”方面来阐述时,no longer和no more 才能互相替代。

11. not… but… 不是。。。。。。而是。。。。。。

Not Tom but I am your friend.不是汤姆而是我才是你的朋友。

It’s not I but Tom that has done this matter.不是我而是汤姆干的这件事。

12. one… the other… 一个。。。。。。 另一个。。。。。。

I have two pens. One is being used now, and the other is in my schoolbag.我有两只笔。一只在用着,另一只在书包里。

真题:One of the sides of the board should be painted yellow, and ______ .(2000春招)

A. the other is white   B. another white   C. the other white   D. another is white

解析:这是省略的并列句,陈述“两边的比较”。故选C。

13. be good at  擅长于。。。。。。

He is good at languages.他擅长于语言。

We should be good at learning from our mistakes.我们要善于从错误中学习。

14. keep on  继续下去、维持

Prices keep on increasing in recent years. 近几年,价格在不断地上涨。

His wife kept on at him to buy her a new coat.他老婆喋喋不休地唠叨要他为她买一件新袄子。

15. … at all 根本(用于否定句或含有否定意思的句子中加强语气)

Do it well if you do it at all.要做就要把它做好。

If you know him at all, you will also hate his bad habits.你要是认识他,你也会讨厌他的坏习惯的。(讲话人意思是:你不认识他、不知道他的坏习惯)

16. I’m sorry but I’m not as clever as my sisters. 很抱歉,我不像姐姐他们那样聪明。

1) I’m sorry but… 是口语中常用的句型,意思是:对不起,但是/可是。。。。。。 比如:

— Can I trouble you with a question? —I’m sorry but I’m busy now.

2) as … as…之间用形容词、副词的原级,表示同等量的比较。比如:

He is as tall as me (I am).他和我个头一样高。

You can do it as well as Tom does.你能把这件事做得跟汤姆的一样好。(注:此句中的as well as不是固定短语)

17. It’s one’s turn to do sth. 是“轮到某某人去做某事了”的意思。比如:

It’s your turn to be on duty.轮到你值班了。

真题:

1.It is generally believed that teaching is _____ it is a science.(2001全国)

A. an art much as   B. much an art as   C. as an art much as   D. as much an art as

解析:理由参见:Unit1“短语做定语”部分第5小题。故选D。

2.It is reported that the United States uses ______ energy as the whole of Europe. (2004广西)

A. as twice   B. twice much   C. twice much as   D. twice as much

解析:这是比较的一种形式:倍数+比较结构。故选D。

18. be equal to  能胜任、经得起,不相上下、和。。。。。。相等

Bill is quite equal to running the office.比尔能胜任办公室的管理工作。

Mary is quite equal to Bill in brains.玛莉和比尔在智力上不相上下。

I don’t feel equal to a cup of wine now.我现在不能喝酒了。

19. You and your husband Albany shall have this part of my kingdom with all its rivers and forests and mountains.
你和你的丈夫奥尔巴尼将得到我王国里这一部分及其河流、森林和山脉。

该句中谓语部分的shall事情态助动词,既表示“将来”又表示“承诺、应允”;作为情态动词shall用在陈述句中还可以表示“警告、命令、决心、强制”等,适应各人称。比如:

Then you shall come.(命令) 那么你(必须)要来。

Just a little patience. You shall get the answer this very afternoon.(承诺、应允) 稍微耐心一点,你在今天下午可以拿到答案。

You naughty boy! You shall get what you deserve.(警告) 你这调皮的孩子,等着我收拾你吧。

Nothing shall stop us from going there immediately.(决心)什么也阻挡不了我们立即去那里。

Tom shan’t go this time.(强制)这次汤姆不能去。

20. I would rather lose my life than see you make such a mistake.
我宁死都不愿看到你犯这样的错误。

 1) rather… than…结构中,than前后的动词都用原形动词。比如:

I would (或had) rather play tennis than swim.我宁愿打网球,不愿去游泳。

 2) rather than 结构中,该短语前后的词语性质上要“对称”。比如:

He ran rather than walked.与其说他走还不如说他跑。

I, rather than you, should do the job.该做这件工作的是我,而不是你。

It was what he meant rather than what he said.这是他的用意而不是他说的话。

These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.这些鞋子穿起来舒服而不好看。

请注意下一句中的动词形式:

Rather than cause trouble, he left.不愿引起麻烦,他走了。

 3) 短语would rather后面如果接从句,从句的谓语用虚拟语气。比如:

I would rather you had known it.我倒宁愿你知道了这件事。

I’d rather you did this experiment now.我倒希望你现在就做这个实验。

21. Although married with two children, Shakespeare left Stratford-on-Avon at the age of about 30 and went to London alone.
尽管结婚后养了两个孩子,莎士比亚30岁时还是离开了埃文河畔斯特拉特福镇,只身去了伦敦。

这是省略的主从复合句。含有一个although引导的although he had been married with two children让步状语从句。短语 with two children等于说:and had two children。

真题:Mr. Hall understands that _____ math has always been easy for him, it is not easy for the students. (2003北京)

A. unless   B. since   C. although   D. when

解析:这是复杂的主从复合句,although在宾语从句中引导让步状语。故选C。

Even though he wrote his plays almost 500 years ago, his plays are still relevant today. 他的戏剧尽管是在几乎500年前写的,可今天仍然适合我们。

even though=even if,也是引导让步状语从句的。再比如:Even though you don’t like wine(Though you may not like wine), try a glass of this!

22. As soon as Goneril has got all she can from her father, she begins treating him disrespectfully.
贡纳莉一旦得到她可以从她父亲那里得到的财物,马上开始粗鲁地对待他。

这是复杂的主从复合句:短语as soon as引导时间状语从句。意思是:一……(就……);she can是定语从句,修饰all;引导词that在定语从句里作宾语,被省略了。

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